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Vol. VI. DECEMBEE, 1911. No. 4. 


[St. Ann's Parish, originally known as Middle Neck Parish, was 
one of thirty-five which were established by * ' An Act for the service 
of Almighty God and the establishment of the Protestant Religion 
within this province," passed in 1692 (^Archives, 13 : 425), but by 
reason of the loss of the first twelve pages of the Vestry records, the 
exact date of its organization cannot be established. 

In the Proceedings of the Council, October 23, 1696 (Archives, 
23 : 19), the following appears : Ann Arrundell County is Divided 
into fFour parishes viz* Herring Creek. South River. Middle Neck & 
Broad Neck . . Middle Neck Parish is Scituated betwixt South River 
and Severn River. Vestrymen for the s*^ Parish Chosen Viz* Mr 
Thomas Bland, Mr Richard Wharfield, Mr Jacob Harness, Mr. Wm. 
Brown, Mr. Come Howard. Taxables 374 

**An Act for appointing persons to Treat with Workmen for the 
building a Church att the Porte of Annapolis" passed at the session 
of June-July, 1699, maybe found in the Archives, 22:580. Fur- 
ther details as to this parish may be had from Rev. Ethan Allen's 
** Historical Notices of St. Ann's Parish" and Riley's ''Ancient 
City," p. 68. Some notes concerning the Rev. Peregrine Coney, the 
first incumbent of St. Ann's were printed in this Magazine, 5:290, 

At a Vestry held for St. Ann^s Parish the 14*^ day of March 
An*^ Dom. 1712. Present, The reverend M' Ed\v^ Butler, 
Sam^ Young, Esq Thos. Bordley, Esq^, M' Jn° Gresham, 
M' Evan Jones, The reverend M"^ Edw*^ Butler produced to the 
Vestry the following Instrum*, viz. 




Maryl*^ ss. 

Edw*^ Lloyd Esq'., Presid* of her Majesty's Hon'able Council 
within this Province. 

To the Vestry of St. Ann's Parish in Ann Ard^ County, 

Whereas the reverend M"^ Edw^ Butler as Orthodox minister 
of the Church of Engl^ is recommended to me as such from the 
W- Hon'able & right Reverend Father in God Henry by Divine 
permission Lord Bishop of London & Diocesan of this Province. 

I doe hereby appoint the Edward Butler to be rector of 

the Parish and direct y® to pay him the forty ^ poll therein 
ariseing allotted for the Support of the Clergy dated at the Citty 
of Annapolis the 7^^ day of March 17^^^^ 

Edw^ Lloyd. 

being produced & read is ordered to be Entred as above 
and the s^ M"^ Butler is admitted into the Rectory of the Parish 
according to the tenor thereof. Ordered th*^ M'^ Rich^ Martin be 
admitted as Clerk of the Vestry by takeing the oaths according 
to Law. 

[p. 2] At a vestry held for S°^ Ann's Parish on the 6^^ day 
of Aprill 1713. Present, The Reverend M'^ Edw'^ Butler, M"^ 
Thom^ Bordley, M" Joseph Hill, M'^ John Gresham, M' Evan 
Jones, Vestrymen. Several! of the Parishioners being met have 
dismiss'd from the Vestry (according to their own requests) 
M' Gresham & M' Jones, & in their Roome have Chosen M' 
John Beale & M' Thom® Major. They have Likewise Chosen . 
instead of M' Thorn' Docwray & M" Caleb Dorsey, M'^ Albert ^ 
Greening and M' Cadwad' Edwards, Church Wardens for this 
present year. 

May 12: 1713. At a Vestry held for Sfc. Ann's Parish. 
Present, The Rev°^ M' Edward Butler, M^ Thom« Bordly, M"^ 
John Beale, M^ Thom» Major. 

That M"" Cadwallader Edwards and M' Albert^ Greening last 
Easter being elected Church wardens, and the above named M^ 
John Beale and M'^ Thomas Major being then also Elected 


Vestrymen, and having before Thomas Bordly one of the 
Justices of, Annapolis taken the oaths for the true performance of 
their Office of vestrymen ^ as also the other Oaths appointed by 
Law appear'd and took their places in the s*^ vestry as above. 
And the same vestry. 

[p« 3] Doct'' Major had an order upon the Shereife for nine 
hundred and twenty five pounds of Tobacco for nine ells and one 
quarter of fine Holland for the Parish use. Likewise that the 
Clerk of the Parish had an order for four hundred pounds of 
Tobacco for extraordinary Service in toleing the bell to Prayers. 

Likewise Rich^ Martin being admitted Clerk of the Vestry at 
the same time tooke the oaths According to Law. Edward 
Eumney of this Parish Ship Carpenter comes and says th* his 
Assignment of one Half of his Pew in this Parish being numbred 
17 to M"" Cad*'^ Edwards his heires and Assignes may be Entred 
upon the Registry Book. Which upon the Edw* Rumney 
Prays an acknowledgm* of having rec^ from the s*^ Cad"^^ Edwards 
a sufficient Consideration, therefore is Ord^ to be Entred accord- 
ing to the end th* such half part may for Ever hereafter be to be 
I3ie Proper Estate of the Cad^"" Edwards and his heires. 

May the 14^ 1713. Rec* of Edw^ Butler two silver Flaggons, 

two pattens, one Chalice^ one large plate, one Holland Table cloath 
amd Three Napkins, being the furniture of the Communion Table 
o£ the Parish of St. Ann. 

Witeess my hand 

Cad^^ Edwards. 

[p. 4] Att a Vestry held for S* Ann's Parish on friday the 4*^ 
of Decemb^' 1713. Present, Sam" Young Esq^j-M'^Thom^ Bordley, 
M'^ Joseph Howard, M^ John Beale, 

Ordered th* the Sherreife of An Arrundell County Pay to 
Richard Bickerdike the sum of one Thousand Pounds of Tobacco 
for Efficiating the Office of a Clerke of the s^ Parish out of the 
forty f Poll. 

The Vestry to Cad^^ Edwards to two Posts and a sill 
for the Church Gate. 



To a Locusts Sill and new Tennants for the Church doore to 
mending the Funt, £2: 6'. 

To Eleven Bottles of Wine at four shill«« f Bottle, £2.Ab. 

At a Vestiy held for Ann's Parish Dec^^" 12, 1713. 
Present, Sam^ Young Esq^, M'^ Thorn' Bordley, John Beale. 
At the same vestry was Chosen instead of Thorn' Major who 
is dead & M' Joseph Howard remov^ out of this Parish 
Bob* Lusby and George Valentine vestrymen in their roome. 

Isabella Moore Complaines th* tho' she has had an order from 
the Late Eev^ Edw^ Butler^ Minister of the Parish drawn upon 
the Sheriff of the County to pay her one thousand pounds of 
Tobacco out of the forty poll in his hands due the Butler 
for the year 1713 w*^^ order he has Refused to accept Tho' he had 
[p. 5] sufficient thereof in his hands. And upon her Complaint 
it is declared by the vestry herof th* as the forty ^ pole was due 
to the Butler it was Likewise due to his Order and th* on the 
Sheriffs Refusall to Pay the s^ Order It be deem'd a deniall of 
Payment of such sume as Part of the forty Pole. And there- 
fore tis ordered th* He be prosecuted for such non payment in 
Case he further Refuses to make the same Payment. 

The Vestry having made application to the Rev^ M' Jacob 
Henderson to serve this Parish now in this time of vacancy. 
And having assured him of their utmost Endeavours to Procure 
for him the Just dues to such Service and the utmost of what the 
Law will allow. Do Hereby Resolve th* the full forty ^ Pole be 
allowed to the s^ M'^ Henderson from this time for such service 
in proportion to the time of service. Th* the same shall be 
approved of by the Hon^^® President and her Majesty's Councill 
here as a Legal Allowance, on which Proposall the s^ M' Hender- 
son promises his service. 

The vestry adjourned till Saturday being the 19^^ of this Imp^. 

Ordered th* notice be given to the sheriff to bring in his 
Acc^* on Penalty of being died. 

At a Vestry held for St. Ann's Parish .on Saturday 19*^ 1713. 

1 Died Korember 9, 171S. 



Present^ Sam" Young E5q^, Thorn' Bordley, John Beale. 
Ordered that the Sheriff of Ann Arrnndell County have once 
more notice given him of the meeting of the Vestry which is 
[p. 6] Appointed to be on Saturday the 2^ day of January next 
& th* notwithstanding the frequent dissappointments the Vestry 
have met with for want of his accounting with th"* they are yet 
desirous to deferr the taking any vigourous Course of Law 
Against him on th* occasion untill the next meeting afore men- 
tioned, but th* unless he meet th"^ and Acc'^* with th°^ or lodge 
his Accounts under his hand with the Register of the Vestry in 
the mean time such manner of proceeding be no longer delayed 
against liim. Ordered th* the Vestry be adjourned till the 2^ day 
of January next. 

At a Vestry held for S* Ann's Parish on Saturday 2*^ day of 
Jonuary 1713. Present, Sam" Young Esq'^., Thom^ Bordley, 
Joseph Hill, M'^ John Beale. At which Vestry the Sherriff 
brought in his Acc*^ and was ordered by the above Vestrymen to 
be entred. 

1711. M'^ Thom« Gassaway High Sheriff of A. A" County 
to the Vestry of St. Ann^s parish. 

To the ball, due from M' Jn^ Gresham late Sheriff 
in 1710 if allow'd by s^ Gaseaway is of the 
40 f pole, 2652 

Of the 10 f pole in 1710, .... 3285 

To the 10 f pole of 426 taxables in 1711, . 4260 


[p. 7] 1712. The same Gassaway to the same Vestry 

to the above ballance acc** in 1711, .... 6322 
to the 10 f pole of 418 taxables, .... 4180 


1713. The same Gassaway D'^ to the same Vestry to the above 
balance in 1712, . 8536. 
f Con*' 

f Salery of 4260 at 5 f C*. is 213 



f ordered to Edm^ Benson Clk. of the Vestry, . . 500 

^ ordered to Eich^ Bickerdike for extraordinary Service 

in tolling the bell for prayers on week days, . . 40® 

^ d^ to Sam^ Young Esq" for Cash 1..12..2 Curr* disburst 
toward pay for the bible & prayer book ov"" & above the 
10£ given by Coll°^ Hammond for J:he purchase thereof, 866 

^ d^ to D"^ Thom' Major, Churchwarden for Holland for a 

Surplice, 1296 

d° to s^ Major for Wine and other Parish disbursements, 600 


^ ballance due to the Vestry, 6322 


^ the 5 f C* of 4180 is 209 

^ orderd to M' Thom^ Bordley kte Church Warden 

for Wine, 432 

f d^ to D" Thorn' Major for Holland for Comunion 

table Linnen, 925 

d^ to Eich^ Bickerdike for tolling the bdl as 

above, 400 


ballance due on this Acc'^* to the parish, . . 8536 


[p. 8J f ordered to M' Cadw" Edwards for work 
done to the Church & Church yard gates and for 
disbursem^^ for wine as his Acc* filed, . . 1080 
what is order^ to M"* Amos Garrott ad'^ of M' 
Butler for Eich^ Martins Service as CP of the 
Vestry from the 14 of March till the 9^ of 
Nov^" when p^ 323 

f d^ to M' Thom** Docrea late Churchwarden, • 978 


D*» Sherriff D° 



^ ord^ on him to pay Eichard Bickerdike for toll- 
ing the bell for the year 1713 when p^, . . 400 
ord' to Rich^ Martin for fire wood paper & other 
matters when p^ . . . . . . 200 


ballance due to the Vestry after the prececding 
orders, 5555 


1710. M'^ John Gresham Sher: of Ann Arrundell County D"" 

to Ann's Parish. 
To the 40 f poll of 430 taxables, . . 17200 
[p. 9] f Con*'^ 0^ lb. Tob« 

f the 5 ^ C* of 17200, 860 

^ ord^ to pay M' Joseph Colebateh one half of the 
40 poll for his service from the eighth day of 
June till the eighth day of April 1711, . . 6880 
1712. March 14^ f ord^ to pay Womall Hunt 
Esq' Attorney in fact of M' James Wotton late 
incumbent for 5 months Service in the Parrish, 6808 


the ball, of this Acc^* Carried to Vestrys Ac- 
count in 1711, 2652 


This Account of the 40 ^ pole for the year 1710 settled this 
fourth day of December Anno Domini Seventeen hundred and 

At a Vestry held for St. Ann's Parish Feb. 27*^ 1713. 
Present, The Eev°*^ Jacob Henderson, Sam^ Young, Esq^, 
M' Joseph Hill, John Beale, George Valentine, Kobert 
Lusby, M'^ Thorn® Bordley. Then was swome M"^ Rob* Lusby 
and George Valentine Vestrymen and tooke their Places 
accordingly. ResolvM the Vestry meet again on Saturday the 
sixth of March. 



[p. 10] At a Vestry held for St. Ann's Parish March 6**^ 
1713. Present, the Eev'* M' Jacob Henderson, Sam^ Young 
Esq^, M' Thom« Bordly, M'^ Joseph Hill, John Beale, W 
Rob* Lusby, George Valentine, Vestrymen. The Vestry 
being melt have requested the Rever^*^ M' Jacob Henderson to 
shew his Licenee from the Rev'^* the Lord Bishop of London and 
Likewise his instrument in the nature of an induction (it being 
directed to the Vestry from his Hon*" the President) Whieh are 
order'd to be recorded and are as follows. 

Henricus, Permissione Divina, Londinensis Episcopus, Dileeto 
nobis in Christo Jaeobi Henderson Salutem & gratiam : ad 
peragendum officium Capellani in Virginia vel alibi in partibus 
Amerieanis in preeibus coramunibus aliisque Ministeriis ecele- 
siasticis ad officium Capellani pertinentibus Juxta formam 
discriptam in libro publicarum preeum. Authoritate Parliamenti 
hujus inclyti Regni Anglise, in ea parte edit & provis, & Canones 
& Constitutiones in ea parte legitime stablitas & pubKcatas & non 
aliter neque alio modo tibi de cujus fidelitate morum integritate, 
literarum scientio sana doctrina & diligentia plurinium eonfidimus 
(prsestito primitus per te Juramento tarn de agnoscendo Regiam 
supremam Majestatem, juxta vim, formam, et effectum statuti 
Parliamenti dicti Regni Anglise in ea parte edit & provis quam 
de Canonica Obedientia nobis & Successoribus nostris in omnibus 
[p. 11] licitis & honestis per te-prastanda & exhibenda sub- 
scriptisq per te tribus illis articulis mentionatis in tricessimo 
sexto Capitulo libri constitutionum sive Canonum Ecclesiasticorum 
Anno Dom. 1604 Regia Authoritate editorum & promulgatorum) 
lieentiam & facultatem nostram eoncedimus & impartimus per 
prsesente ad nostrum bene placitum duntaxat duraturum : In cujus 
rei Testimonium sigillum nostrum (quo in similibus plerunq 
utimur) prsesentibus appeni fecimus. Dat. 15 die Junii annoq 
dom. 1710. 

Maryland ss. Edward Lloyd Esq' Prs* of her Ma** Hon^^® 
Councill in this her Maj^^ province &c. 

To the Gent'^ of the Vestry of Ann^s Parish in Ann 
Arrundell County Greeting. Whereas y'' Parish is now repre- 


sented to me to be vacant of an Incumbent, upon the death of the 
Eev^ Edward Butler late Rector thereof and forasmuch as 
the Rev°^ M*^ Jacob Henderson, an Orthodox Minister of the 
Church of England (tho not particularly Recommended to me 
by the R* Eev°^ the Lord Bishop of London Diocesian of this 
Province) has applyed to me to be appointed to your parish, on 
due Consideration thereof & well hoping to promote the service 
of Almighty God, and the spirituall Welfare of y^ parish have 
thought fitfc & do hereby recomend the s*^ Jacob Henderson to 
EfBciate in y' Church as minister thereof untill such times as his 
Lordp. the L^ Bishop of London shall signifie his approbation or 
Dislike thereof. 

Given under my hand this 8*^ day of February in the 12*^ 
year of her Majesty^s Reign Anno Dom. 1713. 

Edward Loyd. 

[p. 12] At a Vestry held for St. Ann's Parish March 29^^ 
1714. Present, The Rev°^ Jacob Henderson, Sam^^ Young 
Esq'', M' Thom« Bordley, George Valentine. The Vestry 
having mett being on Easter Monday have made Choice of M^ 
Benjamin Tasker and WilP Mecubbms in Roome of M"* 
Cad^v^' Edwards & Ab* Greening Church Wardens, Rich* 
Warfield and M"" Caleb Dorsey Vestry men instead of Samuel 
Young Esq' and Robert Lusby, the Vestry having adjourned 
till Saturday being the 10*^ of Aprill. 

At a Vestry held for S* Ann^s Parish on Saturday the 10*^ of 
Ap" 1714. Present, The Rev* Jacob Henderson, John 
Beaie, M' Caleb Dorsey, M' Rich^ Warfield, M' Will^ Mecubbins. 
Before M' John Beale as Justice of the Peace Then was SAVorne 
M' Will"' Mecubbins Church Warden in the stead of M' Albert 
Greening was Likewise swome Caleb Dorsey and M' Rich^ 
Warfield Vestry Men and tooke their Places Accordingly. 

Att a Vestry held the first of May 1714. Present, The Rev^ 
M'" Jacob Henderson, M'" Thomas Bordley, M^ Joseph Hill, 
[p. 13] M^ John Beale. The s^ M^ Henderson produces the fol- 
lowing Instrument w*^** is ordered to be Entered and is as follows. 



Maryland ss. Edward Lloyd Esq' President of her Ma*^* 
Councill &c. 

To the Gentlemen of the Vestry of S* Ann's Parish in Ann 
Arrundell County Greeting. 

Whereas the Eev°^ M"" Jacob Henderson an orthodox Minister 
of the Church of England was sent and Eecommended by the 
kte Lord Bishop of London <fe Diocesan of this Province to 
Officiate as such in any part of America I do therefore hereby 
Eecomend and appoint the Jacob Henderson to be Eector of 
yonr Parish and direct you to receive him as Incumbent thereof, 
and will you to aiding and assisting to him in all things become- 
ing, to the end he may receive the full benefitts & perquisitts to 
his office appertaining together with the forty pounds of Tobacco 
^ pole arising within the Pari&h af^. Given at the City of 
Annapolis this 17*^ Day of April! in the 13^^ year of the Reign 
of our Soveraign Lady Queen Ann of Great Brittain &c. Annoq 
Dom: 1714. 

Edw^ Lloyd. 

1714. The Sheriff of Ann Arundell L. Gassaway C 

To the balP brought from 1714. Sept' the 11^^ 

the Acc* in 1 7 13, 5555 or^ to Edw^ Coyle As- 
signee of E^ Martin if 
p^ . . . . 330 
ord'' to Henry Carter- 
glaz [ier] for his acc* in 
full, . . . 924 

f ball, due, 4301 

[p. 14] M^the saidSher.D' 
to more of the Subscrip- 
tions rec^ viz. of 
Benj. Tasker, . . 300 
Anderson plaisterer, 50 
R^Pawson, . . 100 

f Salpy at 10 f Cent , 45 
ball, on y"" Acc*, . . 405 




Att a Vestry lield for Ann's Parish at the Vestry house of 
the parish this Eleventh day of Sept^ Auno Dom. 1714. 
Present, The Rev^ Jacob Henderson Reef, Thomas Bordley, 
Joseph Hill, John Beale, M' Geo. Valentine, Richard 
Warfield & Caleb Dorsey, Vestrymen, Benjamin Tasker 
& W"" Maccubbin, Church Wardens. Who upon M** Martins 
removal out of the parts who was late Clerk of the Vestry proceed 
to the Choice of a new one. And make choice of Richard Bicker- 
dike who being present accepts thereof and is required to take the 
usual! oaths, who Takes the same accordingly and is admitted. 

At a Vestry held for S*^ Ann's Parish at the Vestry House of 
the said Parish this 4^^ Day of Dec' 1714. Present, the Rev* 
M'^ Samuel Skippon, Thomas Bordley, Joseph Hill, IVP 
John Beale, George Valentine, Vestrymen. The said M 
fp. 15] Samuel Skippon produces the following Instru* which is 
ordered to be entred & is as follows, viz. 

Maryland ss. 

John Hart Esq', Cap* General and Govern' in Chief in and 
over this his Ma*^^ Province &c. To the Gent, of the Vestry of 
S* Ann's Parish in Ann Arundel County, Greeting. 

Whereas the Rev^ M' Samuel Skippon has been sent and recom- 
mended to me by the R^ Rev^ Father in God John by Divine 
Permission Lord Bp. of London and Diocesan of this Province to 
officiate here as an Orthodox Minister of the Church of England. 
I do hereby present and appoint the said M' Samuel Skippon to 
be rector of Your Parish, and do require you to receive him as 
such and to be aiding and assisting to him in all things as 
becometh, to the End that he may receive the full Benefit of the 
forty Pounds of Tob*^ Poll rais'd for the support of the minister 
of your Parish, and all other Rights & Perquisites to his said 
office belonging. Dated at the City of Annapolis the first day of 
Nov' in the first year of the Reign of our Soverraign Lord King 
George, of Great Britain &c. Annoq. Dom. 1714. 

John Hart. 

John Beale one of the Aldermen of the City of Annapolis 



administers the severall Oaths appointed by Act of parliament to 
be Taken instead of the Oath of alegiance & Supremacy, and the 
Oath of abjuration to the Rev*^ M'^ Samuel Skippon, Joseph 
Hill and Richard Bickerdike, who take the same and severally 
subscribe the af^ Oath of Abjuration and Test, 

Also Ordered That Rich^ Bickerdike Clk of the Vestry give 
[p. 16] notice th* Sarah Pinckney & James Frost and George 
Mansil and Sarah Norwood appeare before the next Vestry to 
answer unto such matters as shall be objected ag* them upon the 
suspition of Incontinency ihe Vestry being appointed to be 
held on thursday the 16*^ ins*. 

Att 2L Vestry held for Ann's Parish this W day of Dec' 
Anno Dom. 1714. Present, The Rev*^ Samuel Skippon Rector, 
Thomas Bordley, M'' John Beale, George Valentine & M"" Caleb 
Dorsey Vestrymen, Beuj° Tasker, Church- warden. 

The Sheriff of Ann Arundell Thomas Reynolds produces 
his Acc* of the ten ^ poll this present year & Desires he may be 
Charged D' Contra. 
To the 10 f poll of 430 f Sall'y at 5 f Cent. . 215 

taxables, . .4300 

James Frost and Sarah Pinckney being suspected of living 
incontinently together & having been suMoued to appear on th* 
account appear accordingly and being Examined what they had to 
offer in Excuse of such suspition say nothing material in their 
Excuse but rather increase than abate the aforementioned Sus- 
pition and there upon ^tis the op^ of the Vestry that in case of 
any future Cohabitation betwixt them or of any frequenting each 
other's company they ought to be proceeded against and be as 
lyable to conviction as if she were sufficiently proved a Lewd 

M' Salathiel Quinny being summoned on the like Suspition for 
living with a woman he pretends to be his wife appears and 
[p. 17] alleges himself to be marryed with Woman and th* she 
was marryed by one Goodwin a Minister in Virg* but upon 
Examin^ of wittnesses it do's not appear th* ever they lived as 
man & wife in Virginia, but th* they have reported they were 


ICAKYX^D nwm^m^m^ icAGMLziirjB. 

Does to th* on his rec* of s^ 10 ^ pole from s*^ Gassaway his 
ball® on Acc* of the 10 pole will be due to the parish^ — 8386. 
8386 as ajjpears by his Acc* on the file. 

Tho« Reynolds— Sheriff. 

At a Vestry held for S* Anne's Parish in Ann Arundell Co*y 
the second day of May Anno Dom. 1715. Present M"^ Samuel 
Skippon, M'^ Joseph Hill, M'^ Jn^ Beale, George Valentine- 
Vestrymen. Who made Choice of Samuell Young Esq"^ and 
Benj"^ Tasker for Vestrymen in the room of Joseph Hill 
and Caleb Dorsey. Alexander Warfield and James 
Crook Church Wardens in the room of M' Benj. Tasker & 
W^ Maccubbin. 

[p. 19] Att a Vestry held at St. Ann's Parish in Ann Arun- 
dell County the thirteenth of June Anno Dm. 1715. Present 
M' Samuel Skippon Rect^ M'^ Thomas Bordley, M' Jn« Beale, 
M'^'Geo. Valentine, M'^ Samuel Young Esq"", Mr'" Benj^ Tasker 
Vestrymen. Samuel Young Esq"^ & M' Benj^ Tasker are sworn 
Vestrymen by M' John Beale one of the Alderman of the City 
of Annapolis. The Vestry adjourns till Saturday the 25^ Ins*. 

June the 25^^ 1715. Att a Vestry held at St. Ann's Parish in 
Ann Ar^ Co. the 25*^ day of June Anno Dom. 1715. Present 
Sam^ Skippon Rector, M' Tho^ Bordley, John Beale, 
M' George Valentine, Rich^ Warfield, M' Benj^ Tasker, 
M' Alex' Warfield, M' Jas Crook. Alex' Warfield 

M' James Crook church wardens. 

August the 13^^ 1715. Att a Vestry held at St Anne's Parish 
in Arun^ Co*y the 13^^ day of Aug'* Anno Dom. 1715. Present 
[p. 20] Sam^ Skippon^ Rector, Sam^ Young Esq"^ M' T^ios 
Bordley, M' George Valentine, j\P Benj^ Tasker, Vestrymen, 
Alex' Warfield, Church Warden. 

Whereas Thomas Andrews has not performed the . . . made 
with him about the bellfray tis ordered that . . . said Tho® 
Andrews go about said work on . . . same to be gone about then 
and Conti ... the said Andrews his Agreem* be finished . . . 
Thomas Bordley or Either of them agree ... to Compleat and 


marryed since they came thence and it being alleged th^ the s*^ 
Woman has a husband living in Virginia by various Circum- 
stances seems probable & by Sundry other concurring circum- 
stances it appearing th* their cohabitation is not legall. It is the 
opin** of the Vestry th* they ought to be prosecuted in case of a 
future Cohabitation in the same manner as if she were a Lewd 
Woman within the Acts of Assembly of this province ag* Adultery 
& fornication. 

Bickerdike made Oath before me Benj" Tasker one of his 
Maj*^^ Justices of Ann Arund^ Co*^ that pursuant to the order of 
the vestry be Gave M^^ Sarah Norwood notice to appear before 
the Vestry this day to make proof of her Marriage to one George 
Mansell. But the said Sarah Norwood has not appeared according 
to the said notice. 

Att a Vestry held for S* Ann^s Parish in Ann Arund^ County 
this twelfth day of ffeb'^^ Anno Dm. 1714. Present, The Eev^ 
Samuel Skippon Kector, Thomas Bordley, M' Joseph Hill^ 
Geo. Valentine. Order^ th* Gassaway pay to Bicker- 
dike two hundred & three pounds of Tob** out of the Subscriptions 
in his hands & thereupon an order is drawn accordingly Signed by 
the Rect'^ being for work done. The like ord^ made & Drawn on 
the same Gassaway for two hundred & two pds. of Tob'^ payable 
to Mrs. Norwood out of the same Subscriptions — being for nailes. 
M' Thomas Reynolds Sher. of Ann Arundell County comes to 
render his aoc* of the ten pole this year &c and is thereupon 

D' f Contra C^ 

To 430 at 10 f poles is 4300 f sall^ at 5 f C* is 215 

Ball, on this aoc^ 4085 


Also ord'"^ th* M^ Gassaway pay s^ Reynolds the sum of 4301 Bb 
of tob*^ the balP of the 10 pole due from him to the parish & 
th* the s^ Reynolds give Credit for the same as a balP due from 
him on Acc* of the s^ Parish tax w** the s^ Reynolds according 


ffinish what was . . . Andrews and that a suit be on such . . . 
Comenced ag^ him on his agree ... of his Covenant . . . M' 
Thomas Bordley one . . . Parish who with the rest of . , . Sell 
the tobacco Quantity , ... of this parish. This day Inform . . . 
since he did agree w*^ Tho® . . . hundred which Agreem* 
the rest of the . . . do approve and Consent too. 

Att a Vestry held for Annes Parish in Ann Arund^^ Co^ 
the 12*^ day of Sept^ Anno Dom. 1715. Present The reverend 
M-^ Sam^ Skippon, Tho« Bordley, Sam^ Young Esq' M'^ George 
Valentine, Benj. Tasker & Jn° Beale. Its ordered that unless 
[p. 21] The® Andrews Comply with his agreem^ about the bell- 
fray by the twenty ninth day of this Instant that a suit be 
Commenced ag* the said Andrews on his Agreem* with the Vestry 
for a breach of his Covenant and that Co^^ Sam^ Young be Joyned 
w'^ Benj° Tasker in the room of M' Tho' Bordley who is 
goeing for England to do what was required to be done by the 
said M' Bordley and Tasker the last Vestry. 

Att a Vestry held for St. Anne^s Parish in Ann Aifi^^ Co^^ 
Nov' 1715. Present, The Eev^ M' Sam^ Skippon, M' John 
Beale, M' George Valentine, M' Benj. Tasker ... be made to the 
Justices of Arun* Co*^ Court . . . pounds of tob"" ^ pole to be 
levyed lu this . . . the Charge thereof . . . Reynolds for 400ib 
tob^ payable to M' Benj. . . . M' Tho' AVorthington for 4.. 18.. 0 
payable . . . Ordered that M' Rich^ Bickerdick be allowed , , . 
for being Clk to this Vestry and findeing . . . makeiug fire for 
said Vestry , . . Ab^ Curseing and swearing and for , , . for the 
said Vestry the sume of 1250tt) . . . 

At a Meeting of the Vestry of St. ... the 21«^ 1715. Present, 
Sam^ Skippon, Rector, ]VF Benj. Tasker, Jn« Beale, M'* George 

pay Jh** Smith, j£ 3..12..0 agree"'*, - - £16..0..0 

[p. 22] M'^ Tho« Andrews 

to S* Ann^s Parish 
Nov.2r*. Toy'ord' 
on the Vestry to 

By work done to 
the bellfray f 

p' Contra C^ 



To d** to pay Joshua 

Wellsteadt, - 5.. 0..6 
To d« to PhiUip 

Ryley, - - 7..6 
To d« toW^Bennet 1.. 5..0 
To an ord' ou M'^ 


to pay you - 5..15..6 

£16.. 0..0 

The above acc* as above stated allowed of ^ Tho® Andrews. 
Thomas Worthington D' f Contra 

to St. Ann's Parish Nov. 1715 f the 
Sept. 12^1715. To ord^ 
your note then / 
past to the Vestry 
of the s^ Parish, £30..0..0 

. . . eeting of the Vestry of S* Anne's at Annapolis ffeb. the 
21 1715. Present, The reverend M'' Sam^ Skippon, John Beale, 
M' George Valentine, M' Benj. Tasker. . . . Valentine sell the 
sum of 2951^^ tob° due to the . . . nolds at the rate of 2^ f £ 
and draw his order . . . which shall be good to discharge the said 
. . . and that the said George Valentine account • . . money that 
he shall receive for the sale of the same. 

Att a meeting of the Vestry of S* Anne's at Annapolis March 
the 6*^ 1715, Present, M"^ Samuel Skippon, Rector, Sam^ Young 
Esq"", Jn*" Beale, M' Benj. Tasker, Vestrymen. Ordered that 
M' George Valentine Empowered by the Vestry to sell the said 
Tobacco at 2"^ ^ pound have Discretionary Orders given him in 
the . . . that he shall not sell for Less than fifteen . . . shiU. Cur- 
rency . . . that since the meeting of the last Vestry there have 
been . . . and the Vestry is apprehensive Least the price. 

St. Anne^s Parish at Annapolis held April 2^ 1716. Present, 
Sam^ Skippon, Rector, M'' John Beale, George Valentine, 
Vestrymen. ... of the said Parish then met together, make . . . 

VBSTSY ^WLOGmmm^m, sr. akk's pamsh. 341 

Evan Jones for Vestrymen in the Roome of . . . Warfield, 
and M'^ John . . . & M'^ . . . wardens in the Eoome of M"^ James 
Croke ^ & . . . 

Att a Vestry of S*- Ann^s parish at Annap^ 1716. Present, 
The Eeverend M'' Skippon, Eector, John Beale, M'^ George 
Valentine, Benj'' Tasker. Appeared JnV . . and M'^ Jn^ 
Dodd Church Wardens, Chosen for the ensuing year and took 
Severall Oaths appointed by law as also the oath of Church 
wardens and severally subscribed the oath of Adjuration and Test. 
Also appeared M"^ Evan Jones one of the new Vestry and made 
[p. 24] Choyce of for the ensueing year and took the sev^^ Oaths 
appointed by Law as also the oath of Vestryman and subscribed 
the Oath of Abjurat° & Test and took his place in the said Vestry 

Ordered that George Valentine pay M"^ Jn° Dodd and Rich^ 
Bickardicke what is due to them ^ their acc* produced and 
allowed this Vestry, and he shall receive money for the tob^ he 
was ordered to Sell & take the said Dodds & Bickerdikes receipts. 

Att a Vestry of S* Ann's Parish held June 12**^ 1716. 
Present, The Eeverend Sam^ Skippon Eector, M"^ Jn** Beale, 
M' Geo. Valentine, Benj^ Tasker, Evan Jones, Wornel 
Hunt Esq' Vestrymen, John Baldwin Church warden. 

Ordered that George Valentine be directed to pay Cap* 
Henry Tipps ^ ord' on the Vestry for two pounds Currency due to 
him for five hundred & twenty foot of plank and payable to 
M'^ Jn^ Michiel. 

Ordered that M'' George Valentine do pay M"" John Baldwin 
the sum of twelve shilP Currency due to the s* Baldwin for 
Twelve sleepers for the floor of the Vestry Eoom. 

Womell Hunt Esq^ was sworn Vestryman and took his place 

Att a meeting of the Vestry of St Anne's Parish Septemb' 
4th 1716. Present The reverend M"" Samuel Skippon, rector 

* Crook or Crooke. ' Tripp, see p. 350. 




[p. 25] John Beale, Geo. Valentine, Benf Tasker, 

Thomas Cook and John Smith brought in their Severall 
Accounts to the Vestry for work done in the Vicaridge house 
Viz — for new Topping the Chimney makeing a new back, break- 
ing out a way for and makeing staircs to the Cellar a pair of 
folding doors and other work which accounts were allowed^ And 
ordered that George Valentine do pay them out of what mony 
remains in his hands of the s* Vestry^s. 

Ordered that the af*^ M'' George Valentine do pay M' James 
Crook his ace* for wine &c for the parish use. 

Att a meeting of the Vestry of S* Anns parish November the 
6**^ 1716. Present The reverend Sam^ Skippon Rector, M"^ 
John Beale, Geo. Valentine^ AVornell Hunt Vestrymen. 

Ordered that application be made to the Justices of Ann^*^ 
County for the allow'^ of the ten poll for the defraying the 
publick Charge for the ensueing year the Church wanting some 

An order drawn on Tho^ Reynolds to pay Rich* Bickerdick 
or ord' nme hundred p**^ of Tob^ for his Hillary as Clk of the 
Vestry and tolling the Bell. 

Att a Meeting of the Vestry of S* Anne's Parish held Jan. 
1'^ 1716. Present, The Rev*^ Sam^ Skippon, Rector, 
George Valentine, M"^ Benj^ Tasker, M' Evan Jones, Vestrymen. 
Ordered that M' George Valentine sell the sum of five thousand 
Pounds of Tob^ due to the Vestry from Thomas Reynolds 
high Sherr. of this County to the best advantage he Can and 
draw his order on the said sherr. for the same which shall be 
good to Discharge the said sherr. from the said Tob*' and that the 

George Valentine do acc*^ with the Vestry for the mony he 
shall receive for s*^ Tob^. Ordered that Thomas Reynolds have 
notice given him to Give his attendance at the next Vestry Day 
in order to make up his Accounts with said Vestry, 

Ordered that Directions be given to the Church Wardens to 
Speak to some Experieuc'd Workman to Inspect the Roof of the 


Church & find out where it is faulty and mend it. And that the 
Workman be spoken to, to place a new Sill under the frame 
of fret work at the North Door of tfee said Church. 

Att a meeting of the Vestry of S* Ann^s Parish held Jan'^ the 
1716. Present, The Reverend Sam^^ Skippon, John 
Beale, Sam^^ Young Esq'^, George Valentine, M' Evan Jones. 

Feb. 12^^ 1714. Thomas Reynolds sherr. A. A. County. 
To Ball, then due to the Vestry of Ann's parish, - 8386 

1716. To Ball, due as f Contra, . . - . 736 
To 5 f poll of 443 Tax, 2215 


[p. 27] Ditto D^ 

1715. To ball, due as f Contra, 1449 

1716. To 10 f poll of 497, 4970 


C^ Contra C 

Sept. 12*^ 1716. By the Vestry's order on yoii to pay M"* 

Tho« Worthington, - - - - 6000 
Nov"" 4**". By D** order on you to pay M"" Ben. 

Tasker, 400 

By d** ord^ on you to pay Ric*^ 

Bickerdike, 1260 

Ball. Due, - - 736 


D*» C^ 

By Sallary for Collecting of 2215 @ 5 f Cent, - - 111 
By what he paid Geo. Valentine for Acc* of the Vestry, 1391 



344 MAXYiiAMB HisixDMcyiii MA^zmm. 

1716. By ord' to pay Eich^ Bickerdike, - - - 900 
By Sallary for Collecting of 4970 @ 5 f , - - 249 


BftU. due, - - 5270 

Feb. 5*^ 17^^'". Then the above Acc* as above stated made up 
amd allowed of. 

^ Tho^ Reynolds, Sherr. 

Att a meeting of the Vestry of S*^ Anne's Parish held March 
J 5th 1716^^^. Present, The reverend M"^ Samuel Skippon, Eector, 
George Valentine, Evan Jones, Benj" Tasker, Vestry- 
men. Received from Bickerdike the sum of two pounds 
[p. 28] Curr* money paid him by Worn ell Hunt Esq^ for bury- 
ing his Daughter Henrietta in the Church. Ordered that 
Bickardike put up the Church yard pales where wanting and once 
a year bring in his Ace* to the Vestry which shall be allowed 
him. Paid to Richard Bickardick for Washing the Surplice tenn 
shill, Curr* money. 

Att a meeting of the Vestry Aprill the 8*^ 1717. Present 
The Rev^ Samuel Skippon Rector, M"" John Beale, M"" George 
Valentine, M' Evan Jones, Vestrymen. 

An order Drawn on George Valentine for - 4„ 1.. 6 
payable to M"" Amos Garrett in full of his Account. 

Att a meeting of the Vestry Aprill the 22^ 1717. Vestry 
present Samuel Skippon, Samuel Young Esq^, Jon^ Beale, 
George Valentine & Benj"" Tasker, Who make Choice of M'^ 
Jn** Gresham and James Crooke Vestrymen in the room of 
Sam^ Young & Wornell Hunt Esq'^^, M"* John Carpenter and M"" 
Jost. Engelhardt Kiihn Chosen Church wardens in the room of 
John Dodd & Jn^ Baldwin. 

An Order Drawn on Geo. Valentine for 4.. 6.. 6 Curr^ 
mony payable to Jn** Dodd in full of his Acc*. 

An order likewise drawn of the same Valentine for one 
thirteen shill & two pence half penny piiyaWe to M' Rich*^ Bick- 
erdick in full of his Account. 

[p. 29] An order likewise drawn on Valentine for 9* 
payable to M'^ Philip Riley in full of his Account. 

Att a Vestry held for St. Ann's Parish May 7*^ 1717. 
Present, The Reverend M' Samuel Skippon Rector, M' John 
Beale, M^' Evan Jones, Benj. Tasker, James Crooke, 
Vestrymen, M'' Jost Engelhardt Kiihn Church Warden. James 
Crook appeared and took the severall Oaths appointed by Law 
and subscribed the Oath of Abjuration and Test and likewise took 
the Oath of a Vestryman and took his place as Vestryman accord- 
ingly. Jost Engelhardt Kiihn Elected Church warden for the 
ensueing year took the severall Oaths appointed by Law as also 
the Oath of a Church Warden and subscribed the Oath of abjura- 
tion and Test, upon which the Church plate Viz. two flaggons, 
One Chalice, One dish, two Salvers, one hoUand Table Cloath and 
three Napkins were delivered into his Custody. 

At a Vestry held for St. Anne's Parish June 4*^ 1717. 

Present, The Reverend Samuel Skippon Rector, John 
Beale, George Valentine, M'^ Benj" Tasker, M' Evan Jones^ 
Vestrymen, Jost Engelhardt Kiihn Church warden, John 
Carpenter Church warden Elect, Agreed in behalf of the Par- 
ishioners of this Parish to petition the Gen" Assembly for Leave 
[p. 30] to put Locks on the Publick Pews, & to dispose of them 
to such as shall be willing to purchase them, with a Reservation 
of Right to the said Gen" Assembly at all publick Times. 

John Carpenter Church warden Elect for the ensuing year, 
appeared ; and informed the vestry that he was bound for Eng- 
land in about a fortnights Time, & therefore prayed he might be 
excused from serving as Church warden, which was allowed as a 
sufficient Excuse. Resolved that immediately after M'^ Carpen- 
ter's departure, notice be given to the Parishioners to meet and 
ehuse a new ChrKireh wardm in his Room. 

At a Vestry held for S* Anne's Parish October 29*^ 1717. 



Present, The Eev^ M' Sam^ Skippon Eector, M' John Beale, 
George Valentine, Benj. Tasker, LP Evan Jones, Bernard 
White Church warden. Bernard White was Chosen by the 
Hector Church warden in the Room of John Carpenter lately 
gone for England, who accordingly is present, and takes the Oath 
of a Church warden, & the severall Oaths apjw)inted by Law & 
subscribed the oath of Abjuration & Test. 

Att a Vestry held for Ann's Parish Novemb' 7 1717. 
Present, The Revern'^ Sam^ Skippon Rect^, Jn^ Beale, 
M' Geo. Valentine, M' Benj° Tasker, Vestrymen. Ord*^ that 
application be made to the Justices of Ann Arund" Co^^ for the 
[p. 31] allowance of ten poll for the defraying the Publick 
Charges for the Ensuing year the Church wanting some repairs. 

At a Vestry held for S* Ann's Parish Dec'^ the 4*^ 1717. 
Present, The Rev^ Sam^ Skippon Rector, M' John Beale, M' 
Evan Jones, Geo. Valentine, M"" John Gresham. M"" John 
Gresham takes the severall Oaths app*^ by Act of Assembly as 
also the Oath of Vestryman and subscribes the Oath of abjura- 
tion & test. Richard Evans by Majority of voats of the 
freeholders of this parish is Chosen Church Warden in the room 
of iP Kiihn Deceased. Ordered that M'^ Sam^ Skippon Give an 
order on the Sher, to pay M' Rich'^ Bickerdike the sume of nine 
hundred pounds of tob"* out of the ten ^ poll levyed for the use 
of this parish due to' him as Clk of th€ Vestry & for tolling tiie 

Att a Vestry held for St. Ann's parish ffeb. the 4^ 1717. 
Present, Sam^ Skippon Rector, Jn** Beale, M' Evan Jones, M' 
Jn® Gresham, Vestrymen. Order'd that Richard Bickerdike, Clerk 
of the Vestry, give publick notice to the Parishioners of this 
Parish, that the vestry will Dispose of what Tobacco they have 
in their Hands of tiie 10#^ poll, to the Highest Bidder, on Tues- 
day the 18*^ Instant. 

[p. 32] At a Vestry held for S* Anne's Parish ffeb^^ the 18*^ 
1717. Present, Samuel Skippon Rector, M' John Beale, M' 


George Valentine, M' Benj*^ Tasker, M' John Gresham, Vestry- 
men, M"^ Bernard White, M"^ Richard Evans, Church wardens. M' 
Beuj° Tasker being the highest Bidder has purchased the Vestry's 
Tobacco being 4200^^ of Tob^ at 17/o hundred wch amounts 
according to that Rate to Curr* Money - - - £35..14..0 
besides w*^^ tlie said M' Tasker is indebted to Ballanee 

for nails bought of M' Garret, - - - - 00.. 7. .6 

£36.. 1..6 

OrderM that M' George Valentine do lay his accounts of the 
Vestry's money for their Tob® sold by him last year before s* 
Vestry next Vestry Day. OrderM that Skippon go & Inspect 
some Linnen at Gresham' s & chusc & agree for as much as 
will make a new Surplice the old one being Decayed. 

The Vestry having some Current money now in their hands, it 
is Ordered that notes be set up to give notice that they will 
change s^ money for good Bills & will allow reasonable advance 
for them and it is al^ hereby ordered that Beale do purchase 
said Bills at the cheapest Kates he cau, & not allow more than 
20 f Cent. 

At a Vestry Held for Anne's Parish March the 4"^ 1717. 
[p. 33] Present, M' Samuel Skippon, John Beale, M' George 
Valentine, John Gresham, M' Benj*" Tasker, Vestrymen. Or- 
dered that M"" George Valentine do bring what money he has of 
the Vestry's now in his Hand, & pay it in to said Vestry next 
Vestry Day. 

At a Vestry held for S* Anne's Parish April the 14^1, 1718. 
The Rev* Samuel Skippon, Rector, George Valentine, 
Benj° Tasker, M' James Crook, Vestrymen. The Rector and 
the Inhabitants of this Parish unanimously make choice of M' 
Richard Young & M' Hugh Kennedy for Church wardens for 
the ensuing year instead of Bernard White & Richard 
Evans late Church Wardens. Thomas Williams brought in his 
Acc*^ for work done by the little Door of the Church, in setting 
up & painting four new Locust Posts & a new Locust Sill &c., 
& allow'd him three p^" five shill. & accordingly an Order drawn 



on M' Valentine for said money. Bernard Whites Ace* for 
Wine & other parochial charges amounting to 1..3..0 current 
money & Eich^ Evan^s acc* for wine &c. amounting to 
0..12..6 and JVP Bickerdiks account for mending the church yard 
Pales 0..6..8 read & allowed & ordered drawn on M' George 
Valentine for said money. 

[p. 34] At a meeting of the Vestry of Anne's Parish April 
2r* 1718. The Rev^ M"- Samuel Skippon Rector, M'' John Beale, 

George Valentine, Benf Tasker, James Crook, 
John Gresham, Vesti7maa. John Gresham brought in his 
Acc* amounting to £4..2..0 being for Holland for a new Surplice 
& an Order thereupon is drawn upon M' George Valentine for 
the Payment of said money. IVP Richard Young & M' Hugh 
Kennedy Church wardens Elect for the year ensuing appeared 
and took the seYerall Oaths appointed by Law, & likewise the 
Oath of a Church warden, & severally subscribed the Oath of 
Abjuration & Test, whereupon Ordered that the Church Pkte & 
Linnen be delivered to Hugh Kennedy one of the church 
wardens. Ordered that the Gentlemen of the Vestry meet on 
Wednesday next at 5 of tlie Clock in the evening to deliberate 
further about the two Lots lately entred upon by M' Gresham. 
Agreed to draw up a Petition to the Govemour & Upper & 
Lower Houses of Assembly. 

At a Meeting of the Vestry April 23^ 1718. There being 
none present but the Rector the meeting was adjourned till the 
first Tuesday in May. 

May 6*^ 1718. There being none present but the Rector the 
meeting of the Vestry ^vas adjourned till Tuesday June 10**" 1 718. 

[p» 35] At a meeting of the Vestry of S* Anne's Parish June 
10*^ 1718. Present the Rector & M' Tasker. There not being 
a sufficient number to a make a Vestry adjournM further till 
Saturday the 14*** Instant at 4 of the Clock in tlie Evening. 
There was no Vestry June the 14*^. 

At a meeting of Vestry of St Anne's Parish July 7*^ 1718. 

Present the Rector, Beale & Valentine and there not being 
a sufficient number to constitute a Vestry, Adjourn'd till Saturday 
the 12*^ Instant, There was no Vestiy July 12*^ 

At a meeting of the Vestry of S* Anne^s Parish October 7*^ 
1718. Present Samuel Skippon Rector, Benj^ Tasker, IVP 
Evan Jones, M' John Gresham, Vestrymen. Susan AUein's 
Account for making a new surplice & mending the Old one 
amounting to One Pound Ten shill. Current money was ready 
and Allowed, an order drawn on M'' Benj* Tasker for said money. 
M' Tasker in behalf of Bladen prays Leave of the Vestry 
to make a Vault for a Burying Place for herself & family ; 
granted that she have Liberty to make a vault not exceeding ten 
foot square, she paying to the vestry such a sum as they shall 
think Reasonable upon further Consultation, and that in the mean 
time she may proceed in making said vault. 

At a Meeting of the Vestry of St Anne's Parish Nov" 6*^ 1718. 
[p. 36] Present, Samuel Skippon Rector, M" John Beale, 
Benj^ Tasker, Vestrymen. There not being a sufficient number 
to constitute a Vestry adjournM further till Saturday the 8*^ 
Instant. The Inhabitants & Freeholders of this Parish met & 
unanimously made Choice of Thomas Bordley Esq" for a Vestry- 
man in the Room of George Valentine Deceased. 

At a meeting of tiie Vestry of S* Anne's Parish, Novem' 8*^ 
1718. M" Thomas Bordley lately elected Vestryman of this 
Parish appeared and took the Oath of a Vestryman, & the several 
Oaths appointed by Act of Assembly & Subscribed the Oath of 
Abjuration & Test, & took his place as Vestryman accordingly, 
Thomas Cook brought his account for work done in the Vestry 
Room, and allowed him Two Pounds Curr* Money. And an 
order drawn on Benj"^ Tasker for said money. 

Agreed that Application be made to the Justices of Ann Arun- 
dell County for five Pounds of Tob*^ ^ poll, for repairs of the 
Church & other Parish Charges. 

Memorandum. — There were present at this Vestry Nov' 8**^ 
1718, M'^ Sam^ Skippon Rector, John Beale, Benj. Tasker, 
M' John Gresham Vestryman, and M' Tho^ Bordley Vestryman. 


Mi^YIi^lTD WmrOmCAX. UABAWsim. 

At a meeting of the Vestiy of Anne^s Parish Feb. 3* 
1718/9^ Present, The Rev* Sam^ Skippon, Sector, John 
[p. 37] Beale, M' Evan Jones, M'^ John Greshara, JP Tlio« 
Bordley, Vestrymen. Resolved to enquire how the late M'^ George 
Valentine has discharged himself of 1391 p^^ of Tob** paid him 
by the Sher. of Ann Ar^ Co*^ Anno Dom. 1715 on Ace* of the 

In Pursuance of the above Resolution the Vestry examined the 
Acc* of Valentine, and find that by Order of the Vestry he has 

p^ as follows viz. 

To John Smith 1..10..0 

To John Baldwin -..12..0 

ToTho^'Cook 2.. 5..0 

To John Dodd 2.. 0..G 

To Crook -..16..0 

To RicM Bickerdike L. 3..6 

To John Mitchel in full of Trips order - - 2.. 0..0 

£10..7..0 i 

Which Ten Pounds seven shill. is allowed by the vestry as a 
sufficient Discharge for the sum of 1391 Pounds of Tobacco above 
mentioned, sold by s* Valentine at the Rate of fifteen ShilP 
hundred, according to a former order of Vestry. 

The said George Valentine according to an Order of Vestry 
bearing Date Jan"^ 171^^^ sold 5000 Pounds of Tobacco at 
fifteen shilP hundred w^^ amounts to £37.. 10..- out of which 

we find he has paid the sums following viz. 

To M' Garret 4.. 11. .6 

To Dodd 4.. 6..6 

To Rich<i Bickerdick ----- 1..13..2|- 

To Philip Riley 0.. 5..9 

To D^ Riley more - - - - 4.. 6 

[p. 38] To Tho« Williams - - . - 3.. 5..0 

To Bernard White ------ 1.. 3..0 

To Rich^ Evans - - - - - - -..12..6 

To Rich^ Bick^dick - - - - - -.. 6..8 



To M' Gresham ------ 4.. 2..0 

To Michael Jenifer 0.. 10..0 


Ball Due to the Vestry 16..9..4| 

22^ Ditto M' Jn° Greshara for Holland for a new 

Surplice as ^ acc* and rec* fiFd - - - - 4.. 2 

Oct. 7*^ D^ p^ Jn^ Beall Assignee of Susan Alein 
for making the new Surplice & mending the Old 
one as f Acc* & Kec* fiPd - - . . 

Nov. 8*^ D° paid Tho' Cook for work done in the 

Vestry room as acc* &c. fiPd - - - 2.. 0 

Totall £7..12 

Brought over from pag. 108 77.. 14.. 6 

from " 109 88.. 13.. 9 

" " 110 61..19..6I 


{To be Continued.) 


MAEYiiAND mrnTommAi, uj^jkzmm. 

KENTUCKY (1789-1793.) 


[^Introductory Notice, — Kentucky was first discovered in 1767 by 
a party of hunters under John Finley, and, in 1769, Daniel Boone 
led a band of bold adventurers across the mountains and entered Ken- 
tucky by way of Cumberland Gap. 

From that time there commenced a movement of emigration to the 
new territory. 

The conquest and settlement of that region belongs to the period of 
the Revolutionary War. When the news of the battle of Lexington 
leached the ears of a party of hunters in the interior of Kentucky, 
they gave the name of Lexington to their camp. 

After the Revolution a strong tide of immigration set in, to which 
Vir^nia largely contributed and in which Maryland, also, had a part. 

In 1792, Kentucky was admitted into the Union as a state. 

References to the Wilmot family, of Baltimore County, will be found 
in Vol. V, No. 4, and Vol. vi, No. 2, of the Maryland Hidorical 
Magazine,— F, B, C] 

[John Wilmot to Benjamin Talbott, of Baltimore County, Md.] 

Kentucky Burbon County January 24^^ 1789. 

Dear Sisters & Brothers & freinds — haveing an Opertunity 
to Rite you I intend to give you a Short Account of our journey 
to this Country tho it was a very tedeous one. the first Day of 
October 1788 we set off— the 28**^ Day of the same Month we all 
arrived at Mr. Oingsis Mill on Monnegahale. there we staid nine 
Days waiting for the botes. I think we met with no more hard- 
ship nor Difficulty than we might Reasonably expect on our 
journey to that place, we laid by eight Days & traveld twenty, 
we was very heavy loaded & cood travel but slo. 

the sixth Day of November brother Robert & Mr. hall with 
all three of our fa miles except myself went on bord the botes 
& floted down the River, John Cockey Oings & myself with the 


negro boys drove the horses by land down to the mouth of 
Buffolo where we arrived in three Days, the botes arrived at the 
same place in six Days, there was much bad weather at the 
time, the boats laid by near three Days out of the six. I went 
on borde at that place and tooke all the horses im & in three 
Days & four Nights more we arrived at lime stone.^ A short and 
pleasant Passage doun the River we had after I went on bord. 
Some of us was on shore every Day shooteing turkeys & kild 
as many as we cood eat the most of the way down the River. 
We staid at lime stone several Days and then proceed on our 
journey by land, the Rodes being very bad we was ableged to 
leave the half of our goods at the River and have not brought 
tkem yiet. 

the 27*^ of November we arrived at this place wich is ten 
miles from lexington. we got an empty cabin wich brother 
Roberts famile and mine lived in five weaks. then I movd of 
about half a mile whare I expect to make a crop on rented land. 
I have not purchased any land yiet nor shant tel I see more of 
the Country. 

I think we have been gratdy favoured throughout our journey 
thanks bee to Almity God for it. We have had our helth reason- 
able wel tho we was exposed to the cold & wet weather. 

I have given you some acount of our journey, I will give 
you some smal acount of the Country as far as I am Able. 

the land as far as I have travled wich is about 70 miles in 
lenth and about 20 miles across the Country is very rich except 
about 10 miles wich is very pore hilly & stony, the Rest is 
levil. A beautiful soil not a stone to be seen except in branches 
or Creeks & I have Reason to bcleave this rich body of land 
extends much further than I have seen. 

likewise I am creadible informed there is in this Country 
large bodeys of broken hilly pore land such as no person could 
live on only servaid to sell to those that never saw it. — I 
advise you all never to buy land without seing it first unless you 
can depend on the person that sels it to you tho he shood offtr 

^Now Maysville, Ky, 



it for six pence per acre. I have been offerd land for three 
pound ^ hundred since I came heare tho I wood not have it as 
a Gift, a great Deel of this bad land lays on licking, the prise 
of good land is from 10 to 12 shillings acre in the Settlement, 
Virginny Money, out of the Settlement it may be had for a 
Dollar acre, for my part I am not disapointed. hear is 
peace and plenty except on some part of the frontears whare 
the Savages is frequently stealing horses. 

but in the Settlement I beleve we are as fre from Danger 
as you are in baltimore. I am much pleasd with the Country. 
I think it will bee the best part of North Ameryca. We have 
a trade with the Spannards wich is a great help for this Country, 
they receive our tobacko. Give for it money or Goods. A 
number of Men have gone to the Spannards and got pasports 
from the Governor to trade there as much as they pleas. 

I can not assert what is the comon produce of this land but I 
have Reason to beleave it yields from 10 to 12 barrels of corn 
per acre, 

I did promis to Rite to several of my freinds but must omit 
it at preset as I wood wish to see more of the Country first as I 
might then give them more satisfaction. I write no one in 
particular but I write you all togeather for this time expecting 
to hear from you all the first opertunity. My family is all in 
good health & desires to be remembered to you all. 

Corn heare is from six shillings to ten barrel. Pork fifteen 
shillings ^ hundred, beef sixteen, horses is much cheaper 
heare than they are with you. Sheap is 20 shilling a head, 
theare is fine Range heare in the Woods for creaters, tho the 
corn is much hurt with the frost in some places. 

I had like to forget to mention the water. I find it is good 
except in some particular places and much plentier than I 
expected to find it. 

When you write direct to Grants Old Station Burbon County 
which is the place where I now liv^e. So I wil bid you all 
farewell till the next opertunity. 




[Robert Wilmot to Benjamin Talbott.] 

Oct. 3. 1791. 

Sir. — I imbrace this favourable oppertunity by Mr. Killey 
who is comming to baltimore, to let you kno that we are all 
well through the mercy of God. the offis is opened to survey 
the officers land of the Contineltle line, and as we all are con- 
serned in this land of billes,^ and as it is out my power to luck 
after it^ I think it would be well done in you to do it. we must 
all be[ar] a proposioaable part of the expence. the office is kept 
at Philadelphia and if you get the Warrents mine can be got at 
the same time, and then I will engage to lay the warrents and 
have tlie Rest of the business done. 

A coppy of the will out of the office & the county seal to 
it & a power of aturney will do the business I am informed. 

tell ray Acquaintances that has a nosiou of seeing this 
Couutry not to halt between two opionions, that bugaboo of the 
Indians is quite removed out of the way. 

I give my love with Priscys^ to my dear Sister and family 
Uncle & Aunt with the family & Connecsion & to others if 
they inquire after us. farewell, & if it is out of our powers to 
meet heare let us strive to meet in heaven, from Yours 

[signed] Robt. Willmott. 

[Same to the same.] 

Decern* 26**^ 1793. 

Brother & Sister. — I am happy to receave a letter once 
more from your kind hand, likewise to heare that my old uncle ^ 
and aunt^ are in the land of the living with all the family 
Connecsion. likewise it gives me satisfaction to lieare yon wish 

1 "Billy," or Captain William Wilmot, of the Maryland Line, killed 14 
November, 1782. 
* Lieut. Robert Wilmot married Priscilla Ridgely Dorsey. 
3 Richard Wilmot (b. 1719), and his wife, Mary (Gittings) Wilmot (b. 1725). 


MABYiiAMB mmrmiiCAJj MABAzmmi 

that you ware settled in our Nibourhood that is if it ware so 
best. I have some Expectation of seeing Johny & Vinsin [Vin- 
cent] next fall from what I heare. if it sutes them best I shall 
be glad to see them & if they cant sute themselves better I 
should be glad they would not stop short of my house & if I 
can heare of their arrival I shall go to limestone^ to meet them, 
there is at present two small clover [farms ?] & Good Improve- 
ments of about 150 acres each in the Nibourhood of Brother 
Johny now for sale tho I expect they will soon be gone« 
Crops are very good in common here tho I have not done any 
grate things. I made this year about 400 Barrels off 35 acres, 
provisions of all kind are plenty. Immagrents to this place are 
very grate, pourk & Beef are 15 & 16s. pr. hundred, Corn in 
common from 6 to 7-6 pr. Barrel, wheat 3s. -6 pr. Bushl. People 
expoart a deel from this place doun the Ohio & a deel to the 
armys. the french is recruiting men to take possession of the 
Spanish settlements in this Western Country & then I expect 
that there will be a Call for all our produse of all kinds & the 
prise of land will raise. I can get 1000 pounds this money for 
four hundred & fifty acres whare I live tho good land may be 
had yet for 50 & 60 pds. pr. hund. but if I had Cash to spare 
I should lay it out whare I could get it for 25 pr. hundred. 

Mr. W. Macubbins Letter is now befoure me. he informs me 
that he stoped the money by my .... ^ the expense of a land 
comm . . . . ^ of it but I never agreed to bare any part of it 
as I no of but as he sais it is of an advantage to me, I ant 
against "^baring a part of the burthen of the Commission with 
my nibours that are likewise Interested, but not more than that 
account as I never agreed to that much itself. I should be glad 
to heare something of it in your next letter. Please to give my 
complements to Mr. Maccubbin & fammily. As I am satisfied 
that there is something considerable comming to me in the Lime- 
kills account tell Billy Stansbury he may acknowledge befoure 
witnesses that the long unsettled state of our accounts shant 

^ Now Maysville, Ky. 
2 Text mutilated. 



make any ado to the settlement of them & I will befoure his 
Brother heare so that they may be Settled in futer Day, I no 
that they are considerable in my favour, give my love to my 
dear sister & family & all the connecsion & remain Your 

[signed] Eobt, Willmott. 

Give my respects to W. Stansbury. I should wrote to him 
but time was short. Priscys love to you & Sally ^ & all brothers 
& sisters & all inquiring freinds. 


[Executive Archives.] 

[John Kilty was born in England in 1756 ; educated at St. Omar's College, 
France ; appointed hj the Convention of Maryland, July, 1776, ensign in Capt. 
Edward Tillard's company, 3d Md. battalion ; 2d Lieutenant in 4th Md. Kegt. 
December, 1776 ; 1st Lieutenant, 1777 ; Lieutenant in Baylor's 3d Eegt. Light 
Dragoons, to February, 1782, and Captain in same from that date. He was 
a member of the Governor's Council from 1786 to 1793 ; appointed by Presi- 
dent Washington Supervisor of the Revenue of the U. S. in Md. June, 1796 ; 
Begister of the Land Office 1806 ; Adjutant General 7th July, 1810 ; died at 
Annapolis May 27th, 1811, An obituary notice in the American of Thursday, 
May 30th, 1811, said of him: His demise is truly an irreparable loss to a 
numerous family, to the State, and to society in general. In our revolutionary 
contest he shared the dangers of the field and reaped a portion of his reward in 
British dungeons. He has spent much of his time usefully in literary pursuits. 
Whether we regard him as a soldier or a civilian, his talents were of a higher 
order — eminent at the bar and brave in the field, he won the affection and com- 
manded the respect of all who knew him.''] 

The following resolution was proposed by the Honbl. John 
Kilty, Esq. 

Whereas this Board did on the 20th of April 1786 in virtue 
of powers vested in them by Law, appoint Daniel of St. Thomas^ 
Jenifer Esq. Agent for special purposes, and did in consideration 
of the trouble and expence to be incurred in the execution of his 
duty agree to allow him a salary at the rate of five hundred 

1 Sarah Wilmot, a sister of Lieut. Robert Wilmot and wife of Benjamin Talbott, 
of Baltimore County. 


pounds per annum, and a commission of 1 1/2 per cent on all 
confiscated british property hereafter to be sold by him, — and 
whereas it appears that from the low condition of the State in 
point of credit and finances, he has been able but in a very small 
degree to carry the purposes of his appointment into effect; and 
as it appears by his letter of this day in answer to the enquiry 
of the Board that he believes the two principal objects of his 
appointment are not further attainable. Resolved that from and 
after the 25th day of Jan^ the said salary of five hundred pounds 
shall cease — that the said Agent remain entitled to the commis- 
sion aforesaid, and that the Board will hereafter make him rea- 
sonable compensation for any services which contrary to present 
expectation he may be enabled to perform. 

On the question to agree to the resolution 

His Exc^ the Governor & ") . ^, 

„ , , , _ -r^ . -r^ r were m the negative. 

The honble James Bnce Esq, J 

Affirmative the honbl 

(John Davidson. 

The resolution being lost by an equal number of votes, the 
Hnbl John Kilty agreeably to his constviutioiial privilege requires 
that the opinions of the Members on this subject be given in 
writing and filed among the records of the Board. 

The opinions of the Honbl John Kilty and John Davidson 
Esqrs were given in and filed accordingly. 

The agent being confessedly unable to perform the services 
expected J my opinion is that it is proper and necessary that his 
salary should be either lessened or wholly discontinued by an 
act of this Board. 

When I say that such an act is proper, it follows that I hold 
it to be within our powers ; and I ground this opinion on the 
title and whole context of the Law under which the agent 
was appointed. The act purports to entrust with the Executive 
the carrying into effect certain measures therein mentioned, but 
as it was impracticable for this body to execute personally the 
services directed, they are permitted to assign the active perform- 



ance to others aud to secure the faithful and diligent services 
of the persons so to be employed^ by allowing them a commis- 
sion, salary or other reward, as they may think proper. The 
unusual latitude here given to the Board, together with the con- 
stant control vested in them over these agents expressly in the 
principal matters, and (as I contend) impliedly in the rest, prove 
to me that the Executive being thus amply furnished with the 
means of carrying the intentions of the Legislature into effect, 
are accountable for the performauce, and more particularly for 
the expence of these services, when they are vested with so 
unlimited a confidence in that article. 

Waving any farther direct arguments, I shall reason for a 
moment on the consequences of the opposite position in two 
possible cases. The Board might in the first instance have 
divided these duties among four persons, and have assigned a 
salary* to each ; it is evident from present facts that this arrange- 
ment would have been improvident. On the other hand let us 
suppose that the duties undertaken by the present agent had 
proved too arduous and extensive for one person to execute. 
As in the first case, economy would have suggested the idea of 
consolidating the different departments, so in the latter, a view 
to the due execution of the Law would have pointed out the 
expediency of separating the tasks ; but agreeably to the doctrine 
which has obtained on this occasion, neither of these remedies 
could take place. In the first case the agents might live on the 
public money without doing a single act of Service ; in the other,, 
different duties requiring at the same time the attention of the 
officer, some of them must be neglected. I ask then, what part 
of the Law in question denies the authority of the Executive to 
remedy a confessed evil, resulting from their own act ; which act 
moreover is grounded on a Law, purporting by its title " to vest 
certain powers in the Governor and the Council ? 

I would here take occasion to observe that I was not aware of 
any such difficulty, when having during the last year, the honour 
of a seat at this Board, I consented to the appointment of the 
Agent and to the liberal salary which was allowed him. I gave 
him my voice from a persuasion of his capacity and experience in 



the matters to be transacted ; and having under this impression 
been obliged to vote for him, I felt the same obligation to procure 
his acceptance of the trust by offering him the salary which his 
services had been usually valued at : But in return I expected 
the devotion of his whole time and talents to the service of the 
State ; and consequently my idea of the contract went no farther 
than for so long as he should be thus fully employed. It soon 
became the opinion of the Board, that funds and credit were 
wanting to effect the beneficial purposes intended in the agent^s 
appointment. The idea of reducing his salary occurred to me, 
but was for some time repressed by the languid and discordant 
spirit which I fear distinguished the administration of that year, 
and when at length the Board thought it expedient to demand a 
precise state of his transactions, he insolently declined or neglected 
to satisfy them. The present Board having in the early part of 
the late session of Assembly made a similar requisition, it was 
complied with so far as was suf&cient to confirm the opinion 
hitherto taken from common report — and from that time I 
remained in the intention to bring his salary to a level with the 
^vices performed, if (as it happened) the assembly should not 
take the matter into full consideration. The resolution accord- 
ingly as I at first offered it, proposed a reduction of his salary, 
but this being disliked, I was content to model it in the present 
form ; which as it cousins an engagement that ifce Board may 
not always be in a capacity to fulfil, I do not esteem entirely 

To all this it may perhaps be answered that the Agent has 
voluntarily relinquished his salary, and that the thing I contend 
for is thereby done in effect — true — he has relinquished it. How 
far the act was voluntary, I shall not determine, but the fact 
authorizes me to observe that it was done aftet' the business had 
been agitated at the Board, and before their authority was brought 
into debate. But I have said that an act of the Board in this 
case was necessary ; and I esteem it so, because the disinterested 
spirit of the public Servant which seems here to supply the place 
of authority in the Government is rarely to be expected — and 
supposing the prospect otherwise, the Board incurs reflection by 


receiving as a favour a sacrifice which they are not only author- 
ized but bound to exact with spirit and decision when circum*- 
stances require it. It is moreover evident to me that the agent's 
salary is not effectually annulled by his act. The officers con- 
cerned in the payment of the expences of government, are not, 
nor can they officially be made sensible that the State is exon- 
erated from this article of its disbursements while the act of this 
Board which created it, remains on the records, uncontradicted 
by the same or an equal authority, so that the l^al representative 
of the agent (to suppose no possible change in his own mind) 
might liercafter claim the salary and must receive it, unless the 
auditing officer's remembrance of past transactions should direct 
him to the files of the Council for the agent\s letter, which when 
produced would in my apprehension be no absolute bar to the 

As the resolution which I proposed has brought on the discus- 
sion of another point — viz. the authority of the Executive to 
remove public Servants of the agent^s stamp, I presume it is 
within my privilege to say something on that subject ; more 
especially as the reasoning I shall use will apply in some measure 
to the point I have already attempted to prove. 

The 48th Section of the form of Government says that " the 
Governor with the advice and consent of the Council, may sus^ 
pend or remove any civil officer who has not a commission during 
good behaviour. — T shall argue from the plain import of the 
words — "any civil officer'' — from the plenitude of intention 
always to be ascribed to the Constitution ; and from the absurdi- 
ties that must arize from the contrary doctrine, that public 
Servants of the agent's kind are comprehended in this article. 

I contend in the first place that the agent is an officer — if this 
is questioned, I ask under what general head he is to be placed — 
It is true he bears the style of Agent ; so likewise are a Surveyor ; 
Coroner &c known by their particular titles, but they do not 
therefore lose the general denomination of Officers — ^an appellation 
which I conceive applies to every public servant who exercises a 
charge circumscribed and guided by definite limits and rules, and 
from which consequently none can be exempted but the Legis- 


lature ; the nature of whose authority, (excepting only the obli- 
gations imposed on them by the Constitution) is original and 

If then the Agent is an officer, and his duties are of a civil 
nature — he must be a "civil officer,'' and he is moreover an 
executive and a subordinate officer. Having as I think brought 
him to his proper point of consideration, I shall procede to con- 
sider the presumable intention of the clause in question. 

If it is admitted that our Constitution was intended to be a full 
and permanent rule of Government, it must of course apply to 
every object that can arize during its existence. The argument 
used against our authority in this case is that such officers are not 
mentioned in the form of Government — Why were they not men- 
tioned ? — because the Constitution described only those establish- 
ments for which the nature of our Government inculcated a per- 
manent necessity. There was no need for an article impowering 
the Legislature to create extra offices on urgent occasions — this 
being evidently a proper legislative authority — therefore though 
such Officers are not mentioned, they are in contemplation of the 
Constitution ; or else the Legislature, deriving their power from 
that source alone, have exceeded their authority in making such 
appointments. If the appointing occasional officers was in contem- 
plation, so likewise mnst have been their dismission ; for it would 
be highly absurd to erect a controul over the highest officers o^ 
Government, and to leave the inferior ones without a check so 
long as the Legislature should not be in session ; such persons 
being independent of the Executive would derive an insolent 
advantage from being related in a remoter degree to the Con- 
stitution ; and by the same rule their deputies being appointed by 
the principals, must be out of the reach of the Legislature itself. 
More inconveniences might be shewn to result from this doctrine, 
but as it is not the matter immediately in question, I shall pro- 
ceed to shew that the resolution having been agreed to by a 
majority of the members present ought to have been entered on 
the proceedings as the act of the Board. This has been prevented 
by the vote of the Governor, who derives his right to a voice on 
such occasions, from that clause in the Aot before mentioned " to 



vest certain powers &c. which in contempt and violation of the 
36th article of the Constitution prescribes to an independent 
branch of the Government, a new mode of transacting their busi- 
ness. HerC; lest it should be asked why I have not hitherto pro- 
tested in form against this clause, I beg leave once more to refer 
for explanation to the transactions of the last year. It is I pre- 
sume remembered that I then held the clause to be an infringe- 
ment of our constitutional right ; and that as such, my voice was 
for rejecting it and transacting the matters directed by that Law 
in the usual manner ; two members agreed with me as to the 
illegality of the clause ; but held farther that it vitiated the whole 
law. As this difference of opinion threatened a total neglect of 
the Law, I sug'gested the expedient of consulting such of the 
Judges of our Superior Courts as were oa the spot ; and abiding 
by their decision but the latter part of the proposition was dis- 
liked. The business was at length brought on in a manner that 
enabled me to agree to the execution of the law, without admit- 
ting the legality of the clause. On the question whether we should 
make the appointments directed by the act, I was in the affirma- 
tive ; because being precluded from the advice of tlie Judges, I 
was obliged to have recourse to common reason, which told me 
that a clause, the last in order, and having no necessary connec- 
tion with the body of the act, but hastily proposed in the Senate, 
after the Bill had been sent up by the other House, as complete, 
could not, if unconstitutional itself, infect and annul the whole 
Law. Moreover the new doctrine to which I objected was not 
the propriety (for that was never questioned) but the necessity of 
the Governor's presence. His Excellency's right to preside at the 
Board at all times is undoubted — my objection therefore could 
only be seasonable in the absence of the Governor; when accord- 
ing to the arbitrary prescription of the Legislature the Council 
would be incapacitated to act under the Law which created far 
the greater part of their business — the Execution of the Law being 
determined on by a majority I gave notice that whenever a con- 
stitutional quorum should be assembled, I should move for the 
transacting any matter that presented itself whether arizing from 
the Law or otherwise. I accordingly took the first ©pportunity 


to do so ; my motion was rejected in favour of the clause alluded 
to ; which being thus received and imposed as a binding rule on 
the boards by its own act, I contested the matter no more during 
that year. 

The reason why I have at last thought proper to file my dis- 
sent to the acquiescence of the Board in this clause is because 
the consequence which so plainly argues its impropriety has now 
first arizen — I mean the effectual negative which a proposition 
must receive from an equal number of votes for and against it. 
The framers of our government guarded against this inconvenience 
by providing an umpire where an equal division happened at the 
Board ; but the L^islature by destroying this necessary quality 
in the Governor have given room for a case which an entire article 
of the Constitution was framed to prevent. 

My objection to this clause however does not arize solely from the 
inconvenience it occasions. Had the regulation been abstractedly 
a good one, I should still have opposed it, because I deny any 
right in the Legislature to impose new rules of conduct on the 
Executive by a single act. The only argument I have heard 
urged in favour of this right is that the powers from time to time 
vested in the Board by Laws are not derived from the Constitu- 
tion, and are therefore not among its objects. I know of no differ- 
ence between authorities given originally by the Constitution and 
those occasionally confer'd by Laws, but the latter are and the 
former are not alienable by a single act of the Legislature ; and it 
may as well be contended that the hand being appended to the arm, 
and receiving through that channel its powers, does not derive 
them from the heart, as that the Executive branch of government 
receiving authorities through the medium of the Legislature does 
not derive them from the Constitution ; which is the root ; the 
parent ; and supreme regulator of both. 

Are duties thus imposed constitutional ? then they have relation 
to the Constitution and ought to be executed in the manner there 
pointed out. — Are they unconstitutional? — why then they are 
repugnant to the Constitution and ought not to have been directed 
at all. Every public act is liable to a comparison with this funda- 
mental rule ; and according to its coasonance or opposition thereto, 



must admit one or the other of the foregoing epithets. The duties 
inculcated by the Law under consideration, are constitutional, 
because being of an executive nature they are (as the form of 
Government directs) entrusted with the Executive power. The 
Constitution is then certainly in contemplation, and its dignity 
and pre-eminence is such, that all its parts must govern, as far as 
they apply to, the subject it is called forth to regulate. 

In thus hazarding my ideas on the powers of the Executive, I 
have perhaps advanced some new doctrines ; but they are such as 
result fairly from the Constitution, allowing it the 'plenitude and 
superiority which I deem its obvious and essential qualities. My 
object is to discover the true nature of our trust ; and with what- 
ever earnestness I may seem to urge my opinions, they shall be 
given up with candour when the truth requires it, but I would 
rather risk the imputation of a pertinacious adherence to the 
notions I have formed, than I would stand chargeable with having 
by a supine acquiescence in gradual infringements, contributed to 
the diminuation of consequence and authority which the Executive 
branch of Government at this day experiences. 

John Kilty. 

[Endorsed John Kilty^s opinion on the resolution to strike off 
the Agent's salary, Apl. 18th. 1787.] 

LAND NOTES, 1634-1655. 

[Continued from p. 270,] 

The land notes heretofore printed in this Magaiine are taken from 
Land Office Records Liber P, known also as Liber No. 1. {Archives^ 
1, XV, ) The present instalment is from Liber A or L, O. R,, No. 2, 
the first 58 pages of which have been lost. The contents of Liber A 
are much more miscellaneous in character than those of Lib, F, being 
a daily journal of all offidal business ; other portions of the volume 
have been printed in the earlier volumes of the Archives, For details 
as to contents of Liber A see Archives, 1, xvii. The marginal num- 
bers set in brackets refer to the original pagination of the record book. 



[Liber A,, Land Office Records.] 

May 28*^ [1647.] 

Thomas Munday demandeth 200 acres of Land for transporting 
himselfe, his Wife, & one child^ att his owne charge in th® yeare 
1646 & Edmund Hudson 100 acres for transporting himselfe att 
the same time, att his owne charge. 

warr* for 300 acres, att th® head of th® Kings Creek in New 
Towne to the Northward of th® common path where M'^ Tomp- 
son's land ends. 

Rob* Kedger demandeth 300 acres of Land for transporting 
himselfe, his Wife & one serv* calld Miles Riccards {& 100 Acres 
by assignm* from Willm Asseter) in tV yeare 1641 att his owne 

Warr* for 400 Acres of Land uppon th® Nortt-est branch of 
th® Herryng creek. 

[61] Rog®. Baxter^s Lease for Crany Poynt. 
21*^ of January 1641. 

Know all men by these p^nts th* wee Robert Huett & Henry 
Bellamy both of th Isle of Kent Plant®^ ffor & in considera'n of 
a ccrtaine summe of Tob: to us by Roger Baxter of th® Hand 
afores*^ before hand payd, haue bargayned, sould, assigned & made 
ouer, & by these p^nts doe ffreely, & absolutely sell & make ouer 
unto th® Roger Baxter his heyres & Assignes for ever That 
Poynt of Land next th® Creeks mouth commonly called th® 
Crainey neck ffrom th® Poynt, to a great white oake marked 
w*^ three notches w*^ an Axe. Prouided th* th® s^ Roger Baxter 
haue uppon th® s^ growne sufficient Timber, for a dwelling howse. 
& ffree Inlett & outlett ffor his hoggs all th® yeare .... 

Signed & deliuered in p®nce of The mrk O of 

John Bennett. Robert Huett. 

Henry Bellamy 

post scrip 

In this Bill there is to be payd one Peck of Corne ffor Rent 
att Kent Mille. 

LAND NOTiS, 1634-165i. 


June 7. 

Thomas Bushell demandeth 50*^ acres of Land, assigned to him 
by Will^ Smoote. 

warr* to Surueyo^ to lay out 50 acres adioyning to th^ Land in 
his former warr*. 

[70] June 27*^ 1647. 

Eob* Gierke Surueyo"^ certifyed his survey of a parcell of Land 
for Willm Smoote neere th* mouth of th^ herring Creeke &c: con- 
tayning & now layd out for three hundred Acres, more or lesse. 

Ordered th* th^ Will"' Smoote shall haue Pattent for th^ 
Land having taken oath of ffealty tx) his L^ ... In Consideraon 
th* Will™ Smoote hath transported himselfe his Wife & two 
Children into o'^ s"^ Prouince of Mary-Land in th^ yeare 1646 to 
plant & inhabite there .... these p^nts doe giue, grant, & 
Enfeoffe unto th^ s* Will'" Smoote all th* parcell of Land Lying 
in Patowmeck Ryuer, neare th^ mouth of th^ Herring Creeke, 
Bounding on th^ East w*^ th^ Land of Thomas Bushell, . . . layd 
out for three hundred Acres or thereabouts. To bee holden of 
us, & o'* heyres as of o^ manno"* of New Towne, in free & common 
saccage by ffealty only for all services. Yelding & paying ther- 
fore yearely att o"* usuall Receipt att S* Maries six shillings in 
money sterling, or Three Bushells of Corne, att th^ Natiuity of 
o'^ Lord. Gyuen att S* Inego's ffort this 12*^ of June 1647. 

Wittnes or sd. Leiut. Grail. Tho: Greene. 

June 2^ 1647. 

June 27*^1 M"" Rob* Clark Surveyo"" made certificate of a parcell 
Patented J of Land, Layd out for Rob* Kedger, on th® North- 
east Branch of th^ Herring Creek &c: contayning & now layd out 
[71] for fowre hund*^ Acres, more or lesse. Ordered th^ th^ s** 
Rob* Kedger shall haue Pattent for th° s* Land, hauing taken 
oath of ffealty to his . . . In consideraon th* Rob* Kedger of 
th^ Prouince of Mary-Land Bote-wright, hath transported him- 
selfe, his Wife, & one able Man seru* Into o"^ s^ Prouince in th^ 
yeare 1641 to plant & inhabite there. And th* th® s* Rob* 
Kedger hath 100 Acres due to him, by assigm* from Will"^ 



Assete^ ... by these p^nts doe give, grant & enfeoffe unto th® 
Rob* Kedger, all th* parcell of Land, lying on th® North-east 
branch of th^ Herring Creek (called Jchcombe ffreehold) . . . 
now layd out for fowre hund*^ Acres, or thereabouts . . . 

[78] July 10*^ 

Richard Bennett demandeth 450 acres of Land due unto him 
for transporting himselfe his Wife & 5 children att his owne 
charge into this Prouince in th« yeare 1646. 

July 18*^ 

Rob* Clerk made certificate th 30*^ May 1647, of a parcell 
of Land layd out for Will°^ Wheateley on th^ East side of 
[78] Ble[a]ck Creek &c: Contayning & now layd out for 100 

Ordered by th^ Gouerno^ th* th^ Will'^ Wheateley shall haue 
Patten t for th® Land^ hauing taken oath of ffealty to his L^ 
Memorandum th* I Will"^ Wheateley doe acknowledge myselfe to 
owe unto Cuth: ffenwick gent, 130^ of Tob: & cask assig^ to him 
by Rob* Clerk surueyo^ being th® charges of his survey due 
from mee. 

William Wheatley. 

Test me Will"' Bretton Clk. 

[79] ... In Consideraon th* Will"' Wheateley of th^ pro: of 

Mary-Land Plant® hath transported himselfe into o® s^ pro: in th® 
yeare 1643 ... by these p®nts doe giue grant & Enfeoffe unto th® 
gd ^iiim Wheateley all th* parcell of Land,^ lying on th® East 
side of Bleak-Creek Contayning & now layd out for an hund^ 
Acres, or thereabouts. 
June 7*^ 1647. 

July 24*^. 

Rob* Clerk surveyo® made certificate of a parcell of Land^ layd 
out in the Western branches of th® Herring Creek &c: for 
Thomas Bushell Contajming & now layd out for 150 Acres . . . 

^In margin Sherwells." 

* In margin * * BushelP s Rest. ' * 

In consideraon th* Thomas Bushell of th® Pro: of Mary-Land 
Plant' hath transported himselfe into o' prouince in th® yeare 
1642 to plant & inhabite there. And th* th^ Tho: Bushell hath 
60 Acres, due to him by assigm* from Will"^ Smoote, by these 
p®nts doe giue, grant & enfeoffe unto th® Thomas Bushell, all 
th* parcell of Land lying in th^ Westerne branches of th® Her- 
ring-Creek Bounding on th^ West w*** th^ land of Will"' Smoote ; 
On th® East w*** a branch of th® Herring-Creek, called Turkey- 
Branch : On th^ South w*^ the Herring-Creek On th^ north w**' 
[80] a line drawen from th^ head of Turkey-branch West unto 
th^ Land of Will°^ Smoote, Contayning & now layd out for one 
hundred & fifty Acres. 

[81] Angus. 3^ 

M' Eob* Clark Surueyo^ made certificate th^ 14*^ July 1647 of 
a parcell of Land layd out for John Grimesditch on th® East side 
of Brittanie Bay towards the head thereof &c. . . . 

[82] Aug^ 30^^ 1647. 

Robert Holt demandeth fower hundred acres of Land dew 
unto hym for transporteing, hymself his wif and fower Childeren 
at his owne charges in to this Prouince ia the yeare 1646. 

warm* to the Survay® for two hundred acre: on the north side 
of Pato: Eiuer next the herr: Creeke w^t of the Land of Will: 

[83] Sept: 3^. 

Robert Clarke survay® made certificate the 14*^ of July 1647 
of a parcell Land layd out for James Johnson and the west side 
of Popler hill Creeke, contaynd: and now layd out for two hun- 
dred acres be it more or less. 

[84] Sept: 11^ 

Rob* Clarke survay^ made certificate 14*^ of July 1647 of a 
parcell of land laying one the west side of Popler hill for ffrancis 
Pope and John Courts, contayning and now layd out for 200 acre 
be it more or less. 

[94] Octob: 8*^. 
Robt. Clarke Survayo* mad certificate the 14*** of July of a 



parcell of land layd out for Cristopher Cornall one the South side 
Popler hill creeke, Contayneing & now layd out for 1 00 acres be 
it more or less. 

Robt. Clarke Survayo® made certificate the 14*^ of July of a 
parcell of land layd out for John Neuell one the south side of 
popler- hill creeke Contayneing and now layd out for 50 acres, 
[95] Robt Clarke survay® made certificat 14*^ July of a parcell 
of land layd out for James Johnson lying in Patowmake Eiuer 
and west of popler hill creeke, Contayneing 200 acres. 

Kobt Clarke Survar: made certifier 14*^ July last of a parcell 
of Land layd out for Richard Neuett lying in Bretons-bay, Con- 
tayning 100 acr, 

Robt. Clarke survay® made certificat 14*^ July of a parcell of 
land layd out for John Nun lying in Bretons-bay, Contayning 
300 acres. 

[95] Octob: 

George Acreeke demandeth two hundred acres of land dew 
vnto hym for transporting hym selfe and his wife at his owne 
Charge into this Prouince in the yeare 1646. 

Warr. to the Survayo' for two hundred acres in wiccocomoke 
Riuer, next the land of Tho: Gerrard Esq • 

Oct. 12'\ 

William Edis of this prouince plant® demandeth one hundred 

acres of land apply ed to him by giuft of his M"": Henry Lee. 

warrant to the Survayo^ for one hundred acr: of land in 
patowmake Riuer next the land of William Smoot: 

[95] Octob: 22. 

William Stiles demandeth one hundred acres of land, fifty 
dew by service and fifty applyed to hym by Capt: John Price. 

Warraut to the Survayo for one hundred acres to be layd out 
for hym at the head of Richd: Neuetts branch in Bretons bay. 

[96] Octob 16^ 

George Manners demandeth one hundred and fifty acres of 
land dew vnto hym for transporting hym selfe and one Child in 
to the prouince in the yeare 1646. 

liAND NOTis, 16S4-1655. 


Warr: to the Snrvayo® for one hundred and fifty acres one 
the South side of S* Jeromes Creeke towards the mouth. 

[96] Octob: 80*^. 

John Wheatly demandeth two hundred acres of land dew to 
hym for transporting hymself, his wife and one son into this 
prouince in the yeare 1641. 

Warrant to the Survayo® for fifty acres one the west side of 
S* Georges Kiner neere to packer's Creeke, 

Novcmb 2^ 

Robt Clarke Survayo raade certificate the 27 of June 1646 of 
a parcell of land layd out for William Tompson nere Namassconson 
in Patowmak Riuer, Contayning five hundred acres. 
[97] JohnHollis demandeth fiue hundred acres of land for trans- 
porting of fiue seruants into this prouince at his owne Charge 
in the yeare 1640. 

warrant to the Survayo® for fiue hundred acres of land vppon 
the Easterne side of Cedar pt in Patowmake riuer next to the 
land of James Neale Esq^ 

[98] Novemb^ 10*^ 

Kobt Clarke Snrvayo^ made certificate of a parcell of land 
lying in the head of Kings crfeeke in Poto: Riuer, for Thomas 
Mnnday and Edward Hudson, now layd out for three hundred 

[99] Robert Clarke Survayo® made certificate of a parcell of 
land lying the head of Neuetts branch in Bretons bay for Wil- 
liam Stiles, Contayning one hundred acrs. 

Robert Clarke Survay^ made ccrtificat of a parcell of laud 
lying in Pato: Riuer neere the herring creeke, for William Edis 
Contayneing fifty acres. 

Novemb: 1V\ 

John Medly demandeth three hundred acrs of land for trans- 
porting his wife and two seruants vid Lancelet Sleepe, and Row- 
land Mace: into this prouince since the yeare 1641. 

John Thymble and William Browne demandeth one hundred 



acrs of land dew for serueing three tymes w*^ in this Prouince 
since the yeares 1633 and 1641. 

Christopher Russell deinandeth one hundred acres of land for 
transporteing hym self into this province this present yeare 1647. 

No: 19. Leiftenan* William Evins, and John Jarbo demandeth 
two hundred acrts of land for transporteing themselues into this 
prouince at the owne charges in the yeare 1646. 

And two hundred applyed to them by the right of Walter 
Peake of this prouince planter. 

Warrant to the Survayo^ for fower hundred acres of land in the 
Isle of Kent in Great Thickett some tyme In possession of John 

[100] Nouemb 22^. 

Markes Phepo demandeth four hundred acres of land for trans- 
porting hymselfe into this prouince and two seruants w*^ a title 
applyed to hym from owen Seymor all in the yeare 1641. 

Nicholas Keyting demandeth one hundred of land for trans- 
porting hymselfe into this prouince at his owne charge, and owne 
hundred by the title of Edward Leonard: and one hundred by 
the title of William Maclawghlin all in the yeare 1641. 

Jan. 3^ 

Will^ Edwin demandeth 50 Acrts of Land dew to him for his 
Cou^ & service w*^ in this Prouince & granted vnto him by 
[114] Gou^ Calvert. 

War* to Survey 0^ to lay out 50 Acres of Land w*^in his Lo^^ 
Mannor of West S* Maries, commonly knowen by th® name of 
Tom: Surgeons Plant" before th® 2^ of ffeb: & ret. survey on th® 
5^ of ffeb. 

[116] Will"" Tompson demandeth 2*50 Acres of land dew to him 
Viz. 100 by assigm* from Gou^ & 100 as Admist^ of Eob* Tuttey 
deceased & fifty for his wife dew by Indenture on th^ Easte side 
of S^ Clem*® Bay, about 2 miles from Little Brittaine commoHy 
knowen by th® name of th*' Indian Quarters. 

[126] Jan. W\ 

Walter Smith demandetk 400 aares of Land due to him by 
conditions of Plantaon. 

LAND NOTES, 1634-1665. 


[127] George Manners demandeth 500 acres of Land dew to him 
by grant from Jn^ Hallows: 2^ April 1649 War inde r ultOctobr, 
1649 to bee laid out as in the Assignem* next followeing, 

Jan; 5« 1647. 

Memoranda th* I Jn^ Hallowes had a grant (when Cap* Hill 
was here in Court) for 500 acres of Land uppon th^ North side of 
th® Creek next to Cedar Poynt in Patowmeck Eyu® as appeareth 
uppon Record. I doe hereby assigne all my right & tytle in 
th* Grant to George Manners or his assignes. 

John Hallowes. 

ffeb: 28^ 1647. 

[143] March p^. These p^nts wittnes th* I haue sold unto 
George Manners Gent. & to his heyres & assigness for eu^ All 
th* Tenem* of Land commonly called Butlers Land, contayning 
one hund* Acres of Land being in S* Michaels Manno® in th® 
County of S* Maries in Mary-Land, together w"* all Edifices & 
all rights to w*soeu^ thereunto apperteyning ffor th® summe of 
Twelue hund^ & fiuety pownds of Tob: & cask for w*^^ I haue 
allready receaued satisfaction, & for th^ Rents & Conditions here- 
after reserued. Viz. Hee & they yealding for eu^ & paying to th^ 
1/^ or owners of th^ s*^ Manno^ One Bushel! of good Indian Corne 
on th® ffeast day of Natiuity of o® Savio® yearely. And att th*' 
death or charge of th^ Lord of th^ s'^ Manno^ One Barrell of th^ 
like Corne to th® New Lord thereof. And likewise att th^ death 
or charge of th® Tenant. The Tenant next entring paying one 
Barrell of Indian Come to th^ s^ Court And th« Tennant of th« 
s*^ Ten em* doeing suite & seruice att euery Court holden of th® 
s* Mannou^. And I doe hereby warrant th^ s*^ Land to him & 
his heyres & assignes agst any p^*^ w%oeu®, 

Margaret Brent* 

Witnes my hand 
In p^nce of vs 

Giles Brent 

John Metcalfe. 





^*0n the fourteenth of October/ 1765, while the members of the 
Stamp Act Congress were in the midst of their labors upon the great 
problem of the hour, there came from a printing office in Annapolis a 
pamphlet of portly dimensions, dealing with the same problem, and 
doing so with a degree of legal learning, of acumen, and of literary 
power, which gave to it, both in America and in England, the highest 
celebrity among the political writings of this period, . . The pamphlet 
was without the author's name ; and still further to obscure its origin, 
it bore on the title-page, for the place of publication, merely the words 
* North America. ' Moreover the preface was dated ^ Virginia, ' 
— another device for throwing the reader off the true scent ; for in 
reality, Maryland was the colony to which its author belonged, and 
in which undoubtedly, his pamphlet was written. All this machinery 
for self-occultation failed to accomplish its purpose. The marks which 
the pamphlet bore of its author's individuality, were too definite and 
too unusual to permit him to remain long undiscovered. The men 
then living in the colonies who were capable of handling such a 
problem in such a manner were not many and could not be obscure ; 
and, before very long, it was everywhere known as the work of Daniel 
Dulany." Literary History of the American Revolution by Moses Coit 
Tyler, VoL 1, p. 101. 

The second edition (and in fact all editions) were published anony- 
mously but bears the imprint * * 2d. ed. Annapolis, Printed and sold 
by J. Green, 1765 " ; another edition : New York, Re-printed by J. 
Holt, in the year 1765 " ; the English editions are imprinted: North- 
America printed: London, Re-printed for J. Almon, 1766'' and 
**2d. ed. North- America printed : London, Re-printed for J. Almon, 
1766." The present reprint is from the first American edition which 
has attached to the last leaf, a clipping, containing extracts from the 
Newport Mercury of February 17 and March 3, 1766, relating to this 

^The second edition of the pamphlet is dated Virginia, August 12, 1765. 


In addition to the Considerations, " Almon published in 1766 a 
number of pamphlets on the Stamp Act, some of American and others 
of English origin, but none was so influential or popular as the Con- 
siderations/ ' Among those in the collection of the Maryland His- 
torical Society may be mentioned ^^The Necessity of Repealing the 
American Stamp Act demonstrated: or a Proof that Great Britain mud 
he injured by that Act;^^ The Grievances of the American Colonies 
candidly examined. Printed in Rhode Island, by authority of the As- 
sembly there, and insci'ibed to Lord Dartmouth,'^ [By Stephen Hop- 
kins.] ; Comiderations on behalf of the Colonies. Written at Boston;'' 

The Rights of the British Colonies j asserted and proved. By James 
Otis, Esq., of Boston, in New England ; " "An examination of the 
Rights of the Colonies upon the principles of iai^;*' ^^The Late Regu- 
lations Respecting the British Colonies on the Continent of America 
considered, in a letter from a gentleman of Philadelphia to his friend in 
London.'' [By John Dickinson,]; **The late Occurrences in North 
America and Policy of Great Britain considered ;" *^An Enquiry into 
the Rights of the British Colonies intended as an answer to 'The 
Regulations lately made concerning the Colonies, and the taxes imposed 
upon them considered ' in a letter addressed to the author of that 
pamphlet," By Eichard Bland, of Virginia ; ''The Justice and Neces- 
sity of Taxing the American Colonies Demonstrated, Together with a 
Vindication of the Authority of Parliament" 

1 John Campbell, LL. D. 










For the Purpose of raising a REVENUE, by Act of ParUament 

Hand totum verba rcsignent 

Quod latet arcandy non enarrabiUf fibra, 

( Let not mj words shew all ; 

The hidden mischief cannot be expressed.) 



TT would now be an unfashionable doctrine, whatever the 
ancient opinion might be, to affirm that the constituent can 
bind his representative by instructions ; but tho^ the obligatory 
force of these instructions is not insisted upon, yet their per- 
suasive influence, in most cases, may be : for a representative, who 
should act against the explicit recommendation of his constituents, 
would most deservedly forfeit their regard, and all pretension to 
their future confidence. 



When it is under deliberation^ whether a new law shall be 
enacted, in which the electors of England are interested, they 
have notice of it, and an opportunity of declaring their sense ; — 
THEY may point out every dangerous tendency, and are not 
restrained in their representations, from shewing, in the plainest 
language, the injustice or oppression of it. 

When a law, in its execution, is found to be repugnant to the 
genius of liberty, or productive of hardships or inconvenience, 
THEY may also instruct their deputies to exert themselves in pro- 
curing a repeal of it : and, in the exercise of this right, are not 
constrained to whine in the style of humble petitioners ; — they 
are exposed to no danger in explaining their reasons; — ^their 
situation does not become so delicate as to make it prudent, to 
weaken, by not urging them, with their full force, and to their 
utmost extent. But who are the representatives of the colonies ? 
To whom shall they send their instructions, when desirous to 
obtain the repeal of a law, striking at the root and foundation of 
every civil right, should such an one take place ? Instructions to 
all the members who compose the house of commons would not 
be proper : to them the application must be by petition, in which 
an unreserved style would probably be deemed indecency, and 
strong expressions insolence ) in which a claim of rights may not, 
perhaps, be explained, or even insinuated, if to impugn, or glance 
at their authority whose relief is supplicated : to soften and depre- 
cate must be the hope and endeavour, tho' a guiltless freeman 
would, probably, be aukward in ringing all the changes of parce^ 
precor, [O spare, I beseech you*] 

Under these circumstances, the liberty of the press is of the 
most momentuous consequence ; for if truth is not allowed to speak 
thence, in its genuine language of plainness and simplicity, nor 
freedom to vindicate its privileges with decent firmness, we shall 
have too much reason to acknowledge his foresight who predicted, 
that, " The constitution of the British government was too excel- 
lent to be permanent." The train for tfie accomplishment of that 
prophecy has not yet catched in America, nor, I trust, been laid. 

That there have been laws extremely unjust and oppressive, 
the declarations of subsequent parliaments, fixing this stigma upon 



them, evince ; but whilst the power which introduced them pre- 
vailed, it was not prudent to give them their deserved characters. 
The parliament of Henry III. or that of Henry VI. need not be 
cited ; there are many other instances, tho^ not branded with 
epithets so remarkably opprobrious. 

In the opinion of a great lawyer,^ " an act of parliament may be 
void," and of a great divine, " all men have natural, and freemen, 
legal rights, which they may justly maintain, and no legislative 
authority can deprive them of." 

Cases may be imagined in which the truth of these positions 
might, in theory, be admitted; but in practice, unless there should 
be very peculiar circumstances, such as can^t be supposed to exist 
during the prevalence of the power that introduced it, who would 
rely upon the authority of opinions, or the principles of them, for 
his protection against the penalties of any positive law ? 

When the judges were asVd by Henry VIII. Whether a man 
might be attainted of high treason by parliament, tho^ not called 
to answer ? they declared that it was a dangerous question, and 
gave the evasive answer, that " the high court of parliament 
" ought to give examples of justice to the inferior courts, none 
" of which could do the like." But tho^ it might be dangerous to 
declare against the authority of parliament, we are not botlnd to 
acknowledge its inerrability, nor precluded from examining the 
principles and consequences of law, or from pointing out their 
improprieties and defects. Upon this ground I have proceeded in 
the following considerations, and shall not be disappointed if they 
should appear to be too free, or. too reserved, to readers of different 



"TN the constitution of England^ the three principal forms of 
government, monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy, are 
blended together in certain proportions ; but each of these orders, 

^Coke's opinion in Bonham's case, cited in Coxe's Essay on Judicial Power y 
Philadelphia, 1893. 


in the exercise of the legislative authority, hath its peculiar depart- 
ment, from which the others are excluded. In this division, the 
granting of supplies, or laying taxes, 5s deemed to be the province 
of the house of commons, as the representative of the people. — 
All supplies are supposed to flow from their gift ; and the other 
orders are permitted only to assent, or reject generally, not to pro- 
pose any modification, amendment, or partial alteration of it. 

This observation being considered, it will undeniably appear, 
that, in framing the late Stamp Act, the commons acted in the 
character of representative of the colonies. They assumed it as 
the principle of that measure, and the propriety of it must there- 
fore stand, or fall, as the principle is true or false : for the preamble 
sets forth, That the commons of Great Britain had resolved to give 
and ^ran^ the several rates aud duties imposed by the act; but 
what right had tJie commons of Gj^eat Britain to be thus munificent 
at the expence of the commons of America f — to give property, 
not belonging to the giver, and without the consent of the owner, 
is such evident and flagrant injustice, in ordinary cases, that few 
are hardy enough to avow it; and therefore, when it really hap- 
pens, the fact is disguised and varnished over by the most plausible 
pretences the ingenuity of the giver can suggest. But it is alledged 
that there is a virtualy or implied representation of the colonies, 
springing out of the constitution of the British government ; and 
it must be confessed on all hands, that, as the representation is not 
actual, it is virtual, or it doth not exist at all ; for no third kind 
of representation can be imagined. The colonies claim the privilege, 
which is common to all British subjects, of being taxed only with 
their own cousent given by their representatives; and all the 
advocates for the Stamp Act admit this claim. Whether, therefore, 
upon the whole matter, the imposition of the Stamp Duties is a 
proper exercise of constitutional authority, or not, depends upon 
the single question. Whether the commons of Great Britain are 
virtually the representatives of the commons of America, or not ? 

The advocates for the Stamp Act admit, in express terms, that 
" the colonies do not choose members of parliament : but they 
assert that "the colonies are vwtually represented in the same 
" mariner with the non-electors regident in Great BritainJ^ 



How have they proved this position ? Where have they defined, 
or precisely explained, what they mean by the expression, viHual 
representation f As it is the very hinge upon which the rectitude 
of the taxation turns, something more satisfactory than mere asser- 
tion, more solid than a form of expression, is necessary : for how 
can it be seriously expected, that men, who think themselves 
injuriously affected iu their properties and privileges, will be con- 
vinced and reconciled by a fanciful phrase, the meaning of which 
can't be precisely ascertained by those who use it, or properly 
applied to the purpose for which it hath been advanced ? 

They argue, diat "the right of election being annexed to 

certain species of property, to franchises, and inhabitancy in 
" some particular places, a very small part of the land, the prop- 
" erty, and the people of England, are comprehended in those 

descriptions. All landed property, not freehold, and all monied 
" property, are excluded. The merchants of London, the proprie- 

tors of the public funds, the inhabitants of Leeds, Halifax, Bir- 
" mingham, and Manchester, and that great corporation of the 
" East-India company, none of them choose their representatives, 
"and yet they are all represented in parliament; and their 
" colonies, being exactly in their situation, are represented in the 

same manner ^ 

Now this argument, which is all that their invention hath been 
able to supply, is totally defective ; for it consists of facts not 
true, and of conclusions madmissible. 

It is so far from being true, that all the persons enumerated 
under the character of non-electors, are in that predicament, that it 
is indubitably certain there is no species of property, landed, or 
monied, which is not possessed by very many of the British electors, 

I SHALL undertake to disprove the supposed similarity of situa- 
tion, whence the same kind of representation is deduced, of the 
inhabitants of the colonies, and of the British non-electors ; and, 
if I succeed, the notion of a virtual represeniation of the colonies 
must fail, which, in truth, is a mere cob- web, spread to catdi the 

^ ^^Begulations lately made concerning the colonies,^ ^ by John Campbell, LL. D. 
This pftragraph was also answered by Eichard Bland. — [Ed.] 


unwary, and entangle the weak. I would be understood : I am 
upon a question of propriety , not of power ] and, tho^ some may- 
be inclined to think it is to little purpose to discuss the one, when 
the other is irresistible, yet are they different considerations ; and, 
at the same time that I invalidate the claim upon which it Is 
founded, I may very consistently recommend a submission to the 
law, whilst it endures. I shall say nothing of the use I intend by 
the discussion for, if it should not be perceived by the sequel, there 
is no use in it and if it should appear then, it need not be premised. 

Lessees for years, copyholders, proprietors of the public funds, 
inhabitants of Birmingham, Leeds, Halifax, and Manchester, mer- 
chants of the city of London, or members of the corporation of the 
East-India company, are, as such, under no personal incapacity 
to be electors ; for they may acquire the right of election, and 
there are actually not only a considerable number of electors In 
each of the classes of lessees for years &c, but in many of them; 
if not all, even members of parliament. The Interests therefore of 
the non-electors, the electors, and the representatives, are Indi- 
vidually the same ; to say nothing of the connection among neigh- 
bours, friends, and relations. The security of the non-electors 
against oppression, is, that their oppression will fall also upon the 
electors and the representatives. The one canH be injured, and the 
other indemnified. 

Further, if the non-electors should not be taxed by the 
British parliament, they would not be taxed at all; and It would 
be iniquitous as well as a solecism, in the political system, that 
they should partake of all the benefits resulting from the imposi- 
tion, and application of taxes, and derive an immunity from the 
circumstance of not being qualified to vote. Under this constitu- 
tion then, a double or virtual representation may be reasonably 
supposed. The electors, who are Inseparably connected in their 
interests with the non-electors, may be justly deemed to be the 
representatives of the non-electors, at the same time they exercise 
their personal privilege in their right of election ; and the mem- 
bers chosen, therefore, the representatives of both. This is the 
only rational explanation of the expression, virtual representation. 
None has been advanced by the asseartors of it, and their meaning 



can only be inferred from the instances, by which they endeavour 
to elucidate it, and no other meaning can be stated, to which the 
instances apply. 

It is an essential principle of the English constitution, that the 
subject shall not be taxed without his consent, which hath not been 
introduced by any particular law, but necessarily results from the 
nature of thai mixed government; for, without it, the order of 
democracy could not exist. 

* Parliaments were not formerly so regular in point of form 
as they now are. Even the number of knights for each shire were 
not ascertained. The first writs ^ now extant for their choice, are 
22d Edward I. by which, two, as at this day, were directed to be 
chosen for each county ; but the king not being satisfied with that 
number, other writs were issued out for choosing two more. This 
discretionary power being thought inconvenient, was afterwards 
restrained by the statutes of Mehard II. Hmry IV. and sub- 
sequent acts. 

In earlier times there was more simplicity in the rules of govern- 
ment, and men were more solicitous about the essentials, than the 
forms of it. When the consent of those who were to perform, or 
pay any thing extra-feudal, was fairly applied for and obtained, 
the manner was little regarded : but, as the people had reason to 
be jealous of designs to impose contributions upon them without 
their consent, it was thought expedient to have formalities regu- 
lated, and fixed, to prevent this injury to their right, not to destroy 
a principle, without which, they could not be said to have any 
rights at all. 

Before the introduction of those formalities, which were framed 
with a view to restrain the excursions of power, and to secure the 
privileges of the subject, as the mode of proceeding was more 
simple, so perhaps this foundation of consent was more visible 
than it is at present, wherefore it may be of use to adduce some 
instances, which directly point out this nec^sary and essential 
priuciple of British lib&riy^ 

* See Treat. Peerage. 

' For Parliamentary writs see Stubbs' Sdmt Cftarfers.— [Ed.] 


The lords and commons have separately given aids and 
subsidies to the crown. In 13th Edward III. the lords granted 
the tenth of all the corn^ &c. growing upon their demesnes, the 
commons then granting nothing, nor concerning themselves with 
what the lords thought fit to grant out of their own estates. At 
other times, the knights of shires, separating from the rest of the 
commons, and joining with the lords, have granted a subsidy, and 
the representatives of cities and boroughs have likeways granted 
subsidies to the crown separately, as appears by a writ in 24th 
Edward I. which runs in these words, Rex^ &c. cum comites, 
baroneSj milites nobis^ &c. fecerunt undedmam de omnibus bonis suis 
mobUibuSy et cives et burgemeSy &g, septhnam de omnibus bonis 
suis mobilihus, &c. nobis curialiter concesserint^ &g. The earls, 
barons, and knights, having given unto us in parliament, the eleventh 
part, and the citizens and burgesses the seventh part of their goods 
and chattels, &c. When an affair happened, which affected only 
some individuals, and called for aid to the crown, it was common 
for those individuals alone to be summoned ; to which purpose 
several writs are extant. In 36th Edtvard III. there is a writ 
(which Dugdale has printed in his collection of writs of summons 
to parliament) directed to the earl of Northampton, which, after 
reciting the confusion the affairs of Ireland were in, and that he, 
and some other English lords, had possessions in that kingdom, and 
were therefore more particularly obliged to the defence of it, fol- 
lows in these words : Volumus vobismm, et cum aliis de eodem 
regno (^Anglice scilicet) terras in dicta terra habenUbus colloquium 
habere, &c. We will confer with you, and others of the same king- 
dom, (viru England) possessed of lands in the said country. 

But, that the reader may perceive how strictly the principle, of 
no person^ s being taxed without their consent, hath been regarded, 
it is proper to take notice, that, upon the same occasion, writs were 
likewise directed even to women, who were proprietors of land in 
Ireland, to send their deputies to consult, and consent to what 
shoul4 be judged necessary to be done on the occasion, e. g. Rex^ 
&c. marioe, &c. scdutem, &c. vobis, &c. mandamus quod aliquam, 
vel aliquos de quibus confidatis apud Westmon, mittaOs ad loquendum 
nobiscum super dictis negotiisy d ad fadendim, et consmtiendum 



noinine vestroy super hoe quod ibidem ordinari contigerit We com- 
mand you to send to Westminster, some person or persons, whom you 
may confide in, to confer with us, on the abovesaid affair, and to do 
and assent, in your name, to whatever shall be there decreed, 

A RefLiECTION naturally arises from the instances cited ; — 
when, on a particular occasion, some individuals only were to be 
taxed, and not the whole community, theh* consent only was called 
for ; and in the last instance it appears, that they, who upon an 
occasion of a general tax, would have been bound by the consent 
of their virtual representatives, (for in that case they would have 
had no actual representatives) were in an afiair calling for a partic^ 
ular aid from them, separate from the rest of the community, 
required to send their particular depuUes: but how different would 
be the principle of a statute, imposing duties without their consent 
who are to pay them, upon the authority of their gift, who should 
undertake to give, what doth not belong to them. 

That great king, Edward I. inserted in his writs of summons, 
as a first principle of law, that quod omnes tangat ab omnibus 
approbekir, what concerns oily must be approved by all, which by no 
torture cau be made to signify, that their approbation or consent 
only Is to be required iu the imposition of a tax, who are to pay no 
part of it. 

The situation of the non-electors in England — their capacity to 
become electors — their inseparable connection with those who are 
electors, and their representatives — their security against oppres- 
sion resulting from this connection, and the necessity of imagining 
a double or virtual representation, to avoid iniquity and absurdity, 
have been explained — the inhabitants of the colonies are, as such, 
incapable of being electors, the privilege of election being exercise- 
able only in person ; and therefore, if every inhabitant of Ametnca 
had the requisite freehold, not one could vote, but upon the sup- 
position of his ceasing to be an inhabitant of America, and becom- 
ing a resident of Great BHtain ; a supposition which would be 
impertinent, because it shifts the question. — Should the colonies 
not be taxed by Parliamentary impositioTis, their respective legis- 
latures have a regular, adequate, and constitutional authority to 
tax them, and therefore there would not necessarily be an iniquitous 


and absurd exemption^ from their not being represented by the 
house of commons. 

There is not that intJtnate and inseparable relation between 
the electors of Oreat Britain and the Inhabitants of the colonies^ 
which must inevitably involve both in the same taxation : on the 
contrary, not a single actual elector in England might be imme- 
diately aflFected by a taxation in America^ imposed by a statute 
which would have a general operation and effect, upon the proper- 
ties of the inhabitants of the colonies. The latter might be op- 
pressed in a thousand shapes, without any sympathy, or exciting 
any alarm in the former. Moreover, even acts, oppressive and 
injurious to the colonies in an extreme degree, might become popu- 
lar in England, from the promise or expectation, that the very 
measures which depressed the colonies, would give ease to the 
inhabitants of Grexjd, Britain. It is indeed true, that the interests 
of England and the colonies are allied, and an injury to the colonies, 
produced into all its consequences, will eventually affect the mother 
country ; yet these consequences being generally remote, are not 
at once foreseen ; they do not immediately alarm the fears and 
engage the passions of the English electors ; the connection between 
a freeholder of Great Britain and a British American, being 
deducible only thro' a train of reasoning, which few will take the 
trouble, or can have opportunity, if they have capacity, to investi- 
gate ; wherefore the relation between the British American and 
the English electors^ is a knot too infirm to be relied on as a com- 
petent security, especially against the force of a present, counter- 
acting, expectation of relief. 

If it would have been a just conclusion, that the colonies being 
exactly in the same situation with the non-electors of England, are 
therefore represented in the same manner, it ought to be allowed, 
that the reasoning is solid, which, after having evinced a total 
dissimilarity of situation, infers, that the representation is different. 

If the commons of Great Britain have no right by the consti- 
tution to GIVE AND GRANT property not belonging to them- 
selves but to others, without their consent actually or virtually 
given ; if the claim of the colonies, not to be taxed without their 
consent, signified by their representatives, is well founded ; if it 



appears that the colonies are not actually represented by the com- 
mons of Oreat Britain, and that the notion of a double or virtual 
representation, doth not with any propriety apply to the people of 
America ; then the principle of the stamp act must be given up as 
indefensible on the point of representation, and the validity of it, 
rested upon the power which they who framed it have to carry it 
into execution. 

" Should the parliament devise a tax, to be paid only by those 
of the people in Great Britain, who are neither members of either 
house of parliament, nor their electors ; such an act would be 
" unjust and partial,^^ saith the author of the claim of the colo- 
" nies, &c. who yet allows, that the " Non-electors would have a 
security against the weight of such a tax, should it be imposed, 
which the colonies have not ; viz. that the members of parlia- 
" ment, and the electors, must be relatively affected by it ; but the 
"industrious North- American, and the opulent West-Indian, may 
" have their properties taxed, and no individual in Great Britain 
"participate with them in the burthen : on the contrary, the mem- 
" bers of parliament would make their court to their constituents 
" most effectually, by multiplying taxes upon the subjects of the 
" colonies." 

Is it not amazing that the above author, loith these sentiments, 
should undertake the defence of the stamp duties, which, by his 
own concession, appears to be more unjust, and more partial than 
the taxes he supposes, and upon which he bestows, very properly, 
the epithets of unjust and partial f 

.... Diluit helleborum, certo compesoere puncto 
Nescius examen} 
He infuses a dangerous drug, wkhoul skiU to know the proper 
point between its good and ill effects. 

But it has been objected, that if the inhabitants of America, 
because represented in their respective assemblies, are therefore 
exempted from a parliamentary tax, than^ the citizens of London, 
who are represented in their common council, may plead the same 
immunity. If it were not for the authority upon which this objec- 

1 Persius, Satire 5 ; 100-1. 

» Should read " then."— [Ed.] 


DAasriEL dulajsty's " coistsidebatioits." 387 

tion is urged, it might be safely passed over without a particular 
answer ; but since it hath been introduced with an appearance of 
reliance, and the opinion which it retails, is said to have been 
delivered with great gravity, and pronounced with decisive confi- 
dence, I would not be so wanting in respect to an eminent char- 
acter, as to neglect the ceremony of a direct refutation. 

But I must observe, that when the opinion of a lawyer is taken 
in a matter of private concern, in which he is under no bias to 
deceive, a concise declaration of it may generally suffice ; he who 
applies for it being generally obliged to depend upon his council's 
character of integrity and knowledge ; not only because the expence 
of a methodical and minute discussion would be too burthensome, 
but because the force of l^al reasoning is not generally under- 
stood. But in a question of public concernment, the opinion of 
no court lawyer , however respectable for his candour and abilities, 
ought to weigh more than the reasons adduced in support of it ; 
they ought to be explained ; they may be examined. Considering 
his temptations, credit ought to be cautiously and diffidently 
given, to his assertion of what is his opinion. — Considering the 
consequence of a decision, not to one man only, but to millions 
that exist, and myriads that may exist, and the exceeding fal- 
libility of legal knowledge, nothing short of clear conviction, after 
the fullest explication of the reasons of the opinion, and the most 
accurate and inteuse consideration of their validity, can justify au 
acquiescence under it. 

On the present occasion, so immensely important, nuUius ad- 
dicius jurare in verba maglstri, unused to swear on any master^ s 
wordy I shall pin my faith upon the didum of no lawyer in the 
universe; and when his ipse dixit is authoritatively urged, I shall 
be at no pains to repress my suspicions that his reasons are con- 
cealed, because, if fairly produced and held up to the light, many 
flaws iu them would be discovered by a careful examiner. I have 
lived long enough to remember many opinions of court lawyers 
upon American affairs ; they have been all strongly marked with 
the same character ; they have been generally very sententious, 
and the same observation may be applied to them all. They have 
all declared thai to be legaly which the minister for the time being 



has deemed to be expedient. The opinion given by a general of 
the law, in the late war, on the question, whether soldiers might 
be quartered on private houses in America^ must be pretty gen- 
erally remembered. 

The very learned gentleman has, it seems, declared that, 

upon mature deliberation, he has formed his opinion, that the 
"colonies are, in their nature, no more than common corpora- 
" tions ; and that the inhabitants of a colony are no more entitled 
"to an exemption from parliamentary taxations, because repre- 
" sented in an American assembly, than the citizens of London.^^ 

This opinion may be incontestably just in the judgment of that 
accomplished politician and elegant writer, who chooses to distin- 
guish himself by the titles of late G — rn— or of the J-rs-ys,^ of the 
3I-ss-ch-sUs and of S--th C-r-l—a; and who does not choose 
to be distinguished by the title of late Mditre d' Hotel of the late 
Sir D—v~s 0-b — e;^ or that exactly fitting and characteristical 
* appellation, conferred on him by an incensed culprit in an 
American court of star-chamber ; an appellation rather adapted to 
signify those powers, which are useful in intrigue, and that lead to 
promotion, than expressive of respect and dignity : but having 
considered the subject in the best manner my very slender and 
limited capacity will allow, neither doth the opinion of the one, 
nor the approbation of it by the other, influence my judgment. 

Let a great man declare a similitude, and he will soon find a 
Polonius to acknowledge, that, yonder cloud is^ by the masSf like 
a camel indeed ! — or, blaoh like an ouzle/^— or, very like a whxileP 

^ Thomas Pownall (1722-1805), politician and antiquary, obtained a place in 
the board of trade and plantations, and having been nominated Lieut. -Governor 
of New Jersey came to America with Sir Danvers Osborn, then Governor. A few 
days after their arrival in New York, Osborn committed suicide. In 1757Pownall 
was appointed Governor of Massachusetts and in 1757 Governor of South Caro- 
lina. Resigned and returned to England in 1760. His celebrated work, The 
Administration of the Colonies^ in which he projected the union of all fhe Ameri- 
can possessions in one dominion, and drew attention to the reluctance of colonists 
to be taxed without their own consent, was published in 1764. Thomas PownaUy 
by Chas. A. W. Pownall, London, 1906, and JDicliomry of Natimed Biography. 

2 Sir Danvers Osborn.— [Ed.] 

* See the History of Tom Brazen. 



The objection having been stated, the answer is obvious and 

The colonies have a complete and adequate legislative authority, 
and are not only represented in their assemblies, but in no other 
manner. The power of making bye-laws vested in the common 
council is inadequate and incomplete, being bounded by a few 
particular subjects ; and the common council are actually repre- 
sented too, by having a choice of members to serve in parliament. 
How then can the reason of the exemption from internal par- 
liamentary taxations, claimed by the colonies, apply to the citizens 
of London. 

The power described in the provincial charters, is to make 
laws ; and in the exercise of that power, the colonies are bounded 
by no other limitations than what result from their subordination 
to, and dependence upon Great Britain. The term hyerlaw is as 
novel and improper, when applied to the assemblies, as the expres- 
sion, ads of a^embly, would be, if applied to the parliament of 
Great Britain ; and it is as absurd and insensible, to call a colony 
a common corporation, because not an independent kingdom, and 
the powers of each to make laws and bye-laws, are limited, tho' 
not comparable in their extent, and the variety of their objects, as 
it would be to call lake JErie, a Duck-puddle^ because not the 
atlantic ocean. 

Should the analogy between the colonies and corporations be 
even admitted for a moment, in order to see what would be the 
consequence of the postulatum, it would only amount to this ; The 
colonies are vested with as complete authority, to all intents and 
purposes, to tax themselves, as any English corporation is to make 
a bye-law, in any imaginable instance for any local purpose what- 
ever : and the parliament doth not make laws for corporations, 
upon subjects, in every respect proper for bye-laws. 

But I don^t rest the matter upon this, or any other circum- 
stance, however considerable, to prove the impropriety of a tax- 
ation by the British parliament, I rely upon the fact, that not one 
inhabitant in any colony is, or <^n be admdly or vwtually repre- 
sented by the British house of GommonSy and therdEbre, that tha 
stamp duties are severely imposed. 



';.|^BuT it has been alledged, that if the right to give and grant 
the property of the colonies by an internal taxation is denied by 
the house of commons, the subordination and dependence of the 
colonies, and the superintendence of the British parliament, can't 
be consistently established ; — that any supposed line of distinction 
between tlie two eases, is but "a whimsical imagination, a 
"chimerical speculation against fact and experience/' — Now, 
under favour, I conceive there is more confidence than solidity in 
this assertion ; and it may be satisfactorily and easily proved, that 
the subordination and dependence of the colonies may be pre- 
served, and the supreme authority of the mother country be firmly 
supported, and yet the principle of representation, and the right 
of the British house of commons, flowing from it, to give and grant 
the property of the commons of America, be denied. 

The colonies are dependent upon Great Britain; and the 
supreme authority vested in the king, lords, and commons, may 
justly be exercised to secure, or preserve their dependence, when- 
ever necessary for that purpose. This authority results from, and 
is implied in the idea of the relation subsisting between England 
and her colonies ; for, considering the nature of human afifections, 
the inferior is not to be trusted with providing regulations to 
prevent his rising to an equality with his superior. But tho' the 
right of the superior, to use the proper means for preserving the 
subordination of his inferior, is admitted, yet it does not necessarily 
follow, that he has a right to seize the property of his inferior 
when he pleases, or to command him in every thing; since, in the 
degrees of it, there may very well exist a dependency and in- 
ferim'ity, without absolute vassalage and slavery. In what the 
superior may rightfully controul, or compel, and in what the 
inferior ought to be at liberty to act without controul or compul- 
sion, depends upon the nature of the dependence and the degree 
of the subordination ; and these being ascertained, the measure of 
obedience, and submission, and the extent of the authority and 
superintendence, will be settled. When powers, compatible with 
the relation between the superior and inferior, have, by express 
compact, been granted to, and accepted by the latter, and have 
been, after that compact, repeatedly recognized by the former ; — 



when they may be exercised effectnally npoa every occasion with- 
out any injury to that relation, the authority of the superior can^t 
properly interpose ; for by the powers vested in the inferior, is the 
superior limited. 

By their constitutions of government, the colonies are em- 
powered to impose internal taxes. This power is compatible with 
their dependence, and hath been expressly recognized by British 
ministers and the British parliament upon many occasions ; and it 
may be exercised effectually without striking at, or impeaching, 
in any respect, the supcrintendency of the British parliament. 
May not then the line be distinctly and justly drawn between such 
acts as are necessary, or proper, for preserving or securing the 
dependency of the colonies, and such as are not necessary, or 
proper, for that very important purpose ? 

When the powers were conferred upon the colonies, they were 
conferred too as privileges and immunities, and accepted as such ; 
or, to speak more properly, the privileges belonging necessarily to 
them as British subjects, were solemnly declared and confirmed by 
their charters; and they who settled in America under the encour- 
agement and faith of these charters, understood, not only that 
they mighty but that it was their right to exercise those powers 
without controul, or prevention. In some of the charters the dis- 
tinction is expressed, and the strongest declarations made, and the 
most solemn assurances given, that the settlers should not have 
their property taxed without their own consent by their repre- 
sentatives \ tho^ their legislative authority is limited at the same 
time, by the subordination implied in their relation ; and they are 
therefore restrained from making acts of assembly repugnant to 
the laws of England : and, had the distinction not been expressed, 
the powers given would have implied it ; for, if the parliament 
may in any case interpose, when the authority of the colonies is 
adequate to the occasion, and not limited by their subordination to 
the mother country, it may in every case, which would make 
another appellation more proper to describe their condition, than 
the name by which their inhabitants have been usually called, and 
have gloried in. 

Because the parliament may, when the relation between Great 


l^tA&JI^B MmTmHOAI^ UAQAmgrn* 

Britain and her colonies calls for an exertion of her superintend- 
ence, bind the colonies by statute^ therefore a parliamentary inter- 
position in every other instance, is justifiable, is an inference that 
may be denied. 

On some emergencies, the king, by the constitution, hath an 
absolute power to provide for the safety of the state ; to take care, 
like a Roman dictator, ne quid detrimetdi capiat respublica [That 
the commonwealth may not suffer,] and this power is not speci- 
fically annexed to the monarchy by any express laws; it neces- 
sarily results from the end and nature of government : but who 
would infer from this, that the king, in every instance, or upon 
every occasion, can, upon the principles of the constitution, exercise 
this supreme power. 

The British ministers have, in the most effectual terms, at dif- 
ferent periods, from the reign of Charles II. to that of the present 
king, recognized this distinction in their requisitions, transmitted 
to the colonies to raise and levy men and money, by acts of assem- 
bly ; and recently, in the course of last war, they were so far from 
thinking that it was proper for the Brithh home of commons to 
give and grant the property of the colonies to support the military 
operations in AmeriGa, upon which not only the immediate pro- 
tection of that part of the British dominions^ but the most impor- 
tant interests, perhaps the ultimate preservation of Cheat Britain 
from destruction, essentially depended ; I say, on this great occa- 
sion of the most important and national concernment, the British 
ministers were so far from calling upon the house of commons, in 
their peculiar departmeut, to give and grant property, belonging 
neither to themselves nor their constituents, that they directly 
applied to the colonies to tax themselves, in virtue of the authority 
aad privilege conferred by their charter, and promised to recom- 
mend it to the British parliament to reimburse the expence they 
should incur in providing for the general service. — They made 
good their promise : and if all the money raised in the colonies by 
acts of assembly, in pursuance of the requisition of the British 
ministers^ hath not been repaid by parliament, a very consider- 
able part of it hath. 

Could they who made the requisitions I have mentioned, or 

the assemblies that complied with them, intend or imagine the 
faith of the English government was to be preserved by a retribn^ 
tion, at one time, of the money disbursed at the instance and upon 
the credit of the British ministry, enforced and supported by royal 
assuraneesy and by taking it back again at another time ? Is this 
method of keeping the fiiith of government to be ranked among 
the ^^improvements which hath beeu made beyond the idea of 
" former administrations, conducted by ministers ignorant of the 
"importance of the colonies, or who impotently neglected their 
" concerns, or were diverted by mean pursuits, from attending to 
" them ? Is it absolutely certain, that there can never, at any 
future period, arise a crisis, in which the exertion of the colonies 
may be necessary ; or, if there should, that it will bring with it 
an oblivion of all former indirection? — But this is a subject fitter 
for silent meditation, than public discussion. 

There was a time when measures of prevention might have 
been taken by the colonies. — There may be a time when redress 
may be obtained. — ^Till then, prudence, as well as duty, requires 

It is presumed, that it was a notable service done by New 

England, when the militia of that colony reduced Cape-Breton, 
since it enabled the British ministers to make a peace less dis- 
advantageous and inglorious than they otherwise must have been 
constrained to submit to, in the humble state to which they were 
then reduced ; — that the general exertion of the colonies in North 
America, during the last war, not only facilitated, but was indis- 
pensably requisite to the success of those operations by which so 
many glorious conquests were achieved ; and that those conquests 
have put it in the power of the present illustrious ministers to 
make a peace upon terms of so much glory and advantage^ as to 
afiWd an inexhaustible subject during their administration, and the 
triumph of toryism, at least, for their ingenious panegyrists to 

An American, without justly incurring the imputation of in-J- 
gratitude, may doubt, whether some other motive, besides pure 
generosity, did not prompt the British nation to engage in the 
defence of the colonies. He may be induced to think that the 



measures taken for the protection of the plantations, were not only 
connected with the interests, but even necessary to the defence of 
Great Britain herself, because he may have reason to imagine that 
Great Britain could not long subsist as an independent kingdom 
after the loss of her colonies. — He may, without arrogance, be 
inclined to claim some merit from the exertion of the colonies, 
since it enabled Great Britain ultimately to defend herself ; I mean 
that kind of merit which arises from benefits done to others, by 
the operation of measures taken for our own sakes ; — a merit most 
illustriously displayed in the generosity of G. Britain ^ when, with 
their co-operation, she protected the colonies to preserve herself. 
When an house is in flames, and the next neighbour is ex- 
tremely active, and exerts his endeavours to extinguish the fire, 
which, if not conquered, would catch, and consume his own dwell- 
ing ; I don't say, that if the owner of the house which had been 
in flames, should, after the fire is subdued, complaisantly thank 
his neighbour generally for his services, he would be absurdly 
ceremonious ; but if the assistant should afterwards boast of his 
great generosity, and claim a right to the furniture of the house 
which he had assisted in saving, upon the merits of his zeal and 
activity, he would deserve to be put in mind of the motive of his 

If the advantages gained by the late most glorious and successful 
war have been secured by an adequate peace ; — if the successes 
that attended the military operations of the British nation and her 
colonies, roused by the spirit, excited by the virtue, animated by 
the vigour, and conducted by the wisdom of the ablest minister 
that ever served his country, has there been no compensation 
received for the charges of the war? are the colonies entitled to 
no credit for it ? 

When the design is to oppress the colonies with taxes, or 
calumniate the late patriotic minister, the expences of the war, and 
the enormity of the national debt are proclaimed ; — ^when the 
present all-accomplished administration is to be celebrated, then 
is the immense value of the new acquisitions displayed in the 
brightest colours, — " acquisitions ! vast in extent, richly pro- 

ductive of the valuable oommoditi^ belonging to their several 



" elimates ! The possession of those in North America, insures the 
" safety of the other colonies there^ insomneh that our only danger- 
" ous neighbours, the French^ do not thiuk the pittance left worth 
" retaining, having, by the cession of Louisiana to the Spaniards, 
" avowedly given up for ever those great objects, for which alone 
"they began the war. — The ceded islands are almost of equal 
" advantage, for protecting our own, and annoying the settlements 
"of the Frmeh and Spaniards, if they should be again our 
"enemies. Part of Nova Scotia, siuee the removal of the neutral 
French, hath been already settled by 10,000 inhabitants, within 
" the compass of six or seven years ; a province lately considered 
"as uo more than a proper situation for a fortress, whose garrison 
" it could not subsist : even CapcSreton, that barren appendage 
" to the province of Nova Scotia, is known to contain treasures so 
" worthy of attention as to be reserved to the crown. The mines 
" there are not veins ; they are mountains of coal ; vast clifts of 
" nothing else stand open, and accessible ; no boring necessary to 
" find it ; uo pit necessary to come at it ; no fire engines requisite 
" for carrying on the works. This island, and all the neighbouring 
shores iu the gulph of St. Lawrence, have another fund of wealth 
"in their fisheries. Canada is already a very flourishing colony, 
" inhabited by 90,000 people ; and their demand on G-reat Britain, 
" for a supply of manufactures, must be immediately considerable. 
"-The peltry will be another great branch of commerce. West 
" Florida is surprisingly fertile, and luxuriantly productive in its 
" natural stat^, of every thing, and not only promising, but actually 
" producing wines, indigo, &e. &c.'^ 

Is no part of this description the ebullition of an exuberant 
fancy ? And shall we not cast one glance of retrospection towards 
the man, who, when his country was despised, and insulted, and 
auuk into the most abject condition of despondence, by inspiring 
her sons with that invincible vigour of patriotism, with which 
himself was animated, not only dispelled her fears, secured her 
safety, and retrieved her honour, but humbled her enemies, and 
tore from them the resources of their strength, and the supports 
of their insolence ? 

Abe the acqnisitious of the war retained by the peace so 



inestimably valuable ? And ought not the colonies to have some 
consideration that were instrumental in the successes when those 
acquisitions flowed, and strained every nerve in the general 
service, to that degree of exertion, that without it, all the power 
of Great Britain^ all the amazing abilities of her minister^ and all 
the discipline, and unparallelled bravery of her national troops 
and seamen, could not have availed beyond mere defence, if 
happily so far? If the war was expensive beyond all former 
example, so were the successes of it beueficial. If the expences 
attending the military operations in America are justly to be 
charged to the sole defence of the colonies, and no part of it to 
the security of Great Britain^ or to the views of extending her 
dominions by conquest, if all the successes of the war have been 
achieved by the national arms of Great Britain alone, without 
any assistance, or co-operation of the plantations, still ought not 
the claim against the colonies, in equity, to be mitigated, upon 
reflection of the advantages derived from them, and of their con- 
tribution to the national revenue for a long course of years, during 
which, their protection put the British nation to very little, if any 
particular expence? 

If, moreover. Great Britain hath an equitable claim to the 
contribution of the colonies, it ought to be proportioned to their 
circumstances; and they might, surely, be indulged with dis- 
charging it in the most easy and satisfactory manner to them- 
selves. If ways and means convenient, and conciliating, would 
produce their contribution, as well as oppressive and disgusting 
exactions, it is neither consistent with humanity or policy to 
pursue the latter. — A power may even exist without an actual 
exercise of it, and it indicates as little good sense as good nature 
to exercise it, only that the subjects of it may feel the rod that 
rules them. Moderation may be observed, and equity maintained, 
at the same time that superiority is asserted, and authority vindi- 
cated, whatever tlie apprehensions of pusillanimity, or the insolence 
of usurpation, may suggest. 

What is the annual sum expected from the colonies? — what 
proportion from each ? — bow far do their abilities extend ? These 
matters have been, without doubt, precisely ascertained, or easily 

may be, at a time when the real, the substantial, the commercial 
interests of Great BritaiUy are preferred to every other considera- 
" tion ; and it is so well known, that the trade whence its greatest 
wealth is derived, and upon which its maritime power is princi- 
" pally founded, depends upon a wise and proper use of the 
" colonies," which implies at least, such an understanding of their 
circumstances, as must render it extremely easy, to form a reason- 
able estimate of their comparative wealth and the extent of their 
abilities. The proportion of each colony being so easily ascertain- 
able at this period of uncommon Ivnowledge of their affairs, why 
has the course observed by former ministers, when supplies have 
been expected from America^ been n^lected by the present f Why 
was there not the usual requisition communicated to the provincial 
assemblies, instead of exacting an uncertain and unequal sum from 
each colony, by a law abruptly passed, without any previous 
default of those who are affected by it ? — I shall not call it a law 
repugnant to their genius, cancelling their charters, infringing 
the most valuable rights and privileges of British subjects, 
derogatory from the faith and honour of government, unjust, and 
cruel in its principles, rigorous and oppressive in the means pro- 
vided for its execution, and as pernicious in its consequences to 
the mother country, as injurious to the colonies in its immediate 
operation ; but I may call it a rigorous and severe law. It is in 
vain to attempt a palliation of this useless severity, (useless I 
meau to the purpose of raising a revenue) by fallaciously pretend- 
ing that, as all the colonies were to be taxed, and the authority of 
each is limited, the interposition of the parliament became neces- 
sary, since nothing can be less disputable, than that each colony 
hath a competent authority to raise its proportion, and conse- 
quently nothing is more evident, than that all the colonies might 
raise the whole. * The a^€rtion, that the colonies would have 

* It is asserted in the pamphlet entitled, The claim of the colonies^ &c. that Mary- 
land availing herself of the protection of Virginia and Pennsylvaniay contributed 
nothing to the common defence. This writer, from a view of some map of North 
Amerimj imagined, it should seem, that Virginia and Pennsylvania were settled so 
as to eocompasB Maryland ; but the truth is, that the frontiers of Maryland were 

much exposed, as those of the next colonies, and the fact is moreover false ; 
for I have been well informed that Marylemd contributed near 50,000^. ani 


paid no regard to any requisitions is rash and unauthorized ; and 
had the event actually happened, the trouble and loss of time to 
the ministers, in making the experiment, would not have been con- 
siderable or detrimental to the nation; and after its failure, an 
act of parliament might still have been made to compel the con- 
tribution, if the power which hath been exercised is defensible 
upon the principles of the British constitution. 

A Measuke so extreme could hardly be at once pursued, 
because the ministers did not know what to demand, who have 
made so many regulations in regard to the colonies, "founded upon 
"knowledge, formed with judgment, and executed with vigour.'' 
Had the requisitions been communicated, I make no doubt but 
they would have been entertained with respect, and productive of 
all the effects that could reasonably have been expected from them. 
A petty American assembly would not, in answer to such requisi- 
tions, have impertinently recommended the reduction of exorbitant 
salaries, the abatement of extravagant, and the abolition of illegal 
perquisites, the extinction of useless places, or the disbanding of 
undeserving, or ill-deserving pensioners, as a more proper and 
beneficial method of relieving the public burthens than a new and 
heavy imposition upon usefiil and industrious subjects. 

Have great things been promised for the ease of the people of 
England, and hath a measure been fallen upon, that by putting the 
accomplishment of them at a distance, and keeping expectation 
alive, it may contribute to the prolongation of a power, which, in 
the interim, will find sufficient opportunities to gratify the views 
of ministerial avarice or ambition ? 

If a sum had been liquidated, and a precise demand made, it 

might perhaps have been shewn, if proportioned to the circum- 


incurred besides a considerable expence, which is now a debt upon the pub- 
lic journal of that colony, by putting her militia into actual service, and that an 
unhappy dispute, attended with a very heavy provincial charge, on some topic 
of privilege, was the real cause, why the grants of Maryland were not more 
liberal. After all, there have been instances, I speak not of more modern times, 
in which the parsimony of the parliament hath been complained of, and the 
notion of privilege carried to a great length by the house of commons ; but these 
have not been thought solid reasons for stripping their constituents of their rights, 
[" Claims of the Qolonies^^' by William Knox.— Ed.] 


stances of the colonies, to be of no real consequence to the nation; 
and, if above their circumstances, that it would, with the oppres- 
sion of the plantations, prove ruinous to the British manufactures ; 
but, whilst matters are thus vague, and indeterminate, any attempt 
to shew that the stamp duties will be inadequate to the promised 
relief, distress the colonies, and consequently beggar the British 
manufactures, may be obviated by saying, that the act is in the 
"nature of an experiment ; if inadequate, other methods may be 
"superadded; if inconvenient, it may be repealed, as soon as 
" discovered ; " and hints may be thrown out at the same time, to 
cherish the hope of the nation, that there are the best grounds to 
expect * the measure will be productive of all that can be desired 
or wished. 

The frugal Republicans of North America (if the British in- 
habitants there, are to be distinguished by a nick-name, because it 
implies that they are enemies to the government of England, and 
ought therefore to be regarded with a jealous eye) may be allowed, 
without derogating from the vast and prodigious knowledge of a 
minister, to be acquainted with their own internal circumstances 
better than a stranger, who mnst depend upon information ; and 
that too, most frequently, of men not the most eminent for their 
candour, distinguished by their sagacity, or respectable for their 
integrity. Had requisitions been made, and the sum demanded 
been equitable, and proportioned to their circumstances, they conld 
have fallen upon ways and means less oppressive than the stamp 
dviies. They have frequently taxed themselves ; they have tried 
various methods of taxation ; they know, by experience, the easiest 
and least expensive. The meaning, or construction of their levy- 
act is settled : they can be carried into execution, not only at a 
small expence, without exhausting a considerable part of their 
produce by the multiplication of officers, and their support, but 

*It is asserted by the author of the claim of the colonies^ <Scc. that the merchants 
trading to the several colonies gave in an estimate of the debt due to them from 
the colonies, amounting to 4,000,000Z. It would have been a real public service 
if he had pointed out how this debt is to be paid under the oppression of new 
and heavy impositions, or what will be the proper remedy if there should be a 
stoppage in the payment of 4,000,0001. a stagnation of commerce, and want of 
employm^Bt 60 the JBrUish mmm^if^m. 



without heavy pains and grievous penalties, without oppression of 
the innocent, giving countenance to vexation, and encouragement 
to profligate informers, without the establishment of arbitrary and 
distant courts of admiralty. 

The national debt is heavy, and it is a popular scheme to draw 
from colonies a contribution towards the relief of the mother 
country. The manner of effecting it is not carefully attended to, 
or nicely regarded, by those who expect to receive the benefit. 
The end is so ardently desired, that, whether the means might not 
be more moderate, is not scrupulously examined by men, who 
think themselves in no danger of injury or oppression from their 
severity. It is affirmed to those who cannot detect the fallacy of 
the assertion, that millions have been expended solely in the de- 
fence of America, They believe it, and thence are easily persuaded 
that the claim of a contribution from the colonies is just and 
equitable, and that any measure necessary to secure it, is right 
and laudable. It is represented, that unless the colonies are 
stripped of the triak by jury j and courts of admiralty are estab- 
lished, in which judges from England, strangers, without connec- 
tion or interest in America, removeable at pleasure, and supported 
by liberal salaries, are to preside ; unless informers are encouraged 
and favoured, and the accused most rigorously dealt by, that the 
tax will be eluded — ^and these severities are excused on account 
of their supposed necessity. The colonies are described to be a 
numerous, flourishing, and opulent people : it is alledged that they 
contribute to the national expence, by taxes there, only the pitiful 
sum of 1900/. per year, for the collection of which, an establish- 
ment of officers, attended with the expence of 7600/. per annum, 
is necessary. Upon these premises, the uneasiness of the colonies, 
at being forced to bring more into the common stock, appears to 
be unreasonable, if not rebellious ; and they seem rather to de- 
serve reprehension and correction, than favour and indulgence. 

The successes of the war were obtained as well by the vigorous 
efforts of the colonies, as the exertion of Gi*eat Britain, — The faith 

*It was formerly held to be a grievous oppression, that, instead of having 
justice at home, the JSngHsh subject was drawn to Mome by Appeals, but an 
American is to be drawn from home, in the fissi: Isi8TA1I0% wwtll hjw^fmM. 


of Great Britain hath been engaged in the most solemn manner, 
to repay the colonies the monies levied by internal taxations for 
the support of the war. Is it consistent with that faith to tax 
them towards sinking the debt in part incurred by that re-pay- 
ment ? The immense accession of territory, and the value of the 
acquisitions obtained by the peace, is the consequence of the suc- 
cesses of the war. — The charge of the war is lessened by the ad- 
vantages resulting from the peace. The colonies, for a long course 
of time, have largely contributed to the public revenue, and put 
Great Britain to little or no expencc for their protection. If it 
were equitable to draw from them a further contribution, it does 
not therefore follow, that it is proper to force it from them, by the 
harsh and rigorous methods established by the stamp act; an 
act unequal and dlsproportioned to their circumstances whom it 
affects ; exempting opulence, crushing indigence, and tearing from 
a numerous, loyal, and useful people, the privileges they had, in 
their opinion, earned and merited, and justly held most dear. If 
they are really in debt, the payment of it hath not been refused, 
it hath not been demanded. If one subject, grown giddy with 
sudden elevation, should, at any future period, rashly declare, 
that the colonies should be taxed, at all events, in the most rigor- 
ous manner ; and that millions of industrious and useful subjects 
should be grievously oppressed, rather than himself depart from 
his character of pertinacity and wilfulness, check the impulse of 
a tyrannical disposition, or forego the gratification of his vanity, 
in a wanton display of power ; submission would be an admirable 
virtue indeed, if not the effect of impotence. 

That the contribution arising from the stamp duties is dispro- 
portloned to their circumstances from whom it is enacted, is mani- 
fest ; for they will produce in each colony, a greater or less sum, 
not in proportion to its wealth, but to the multiplicity of juridical 
forms, the quantity of vacant land, the frequency of transferring 
landed property, the extent of paper negotiations, the scarcity of 
money, and the number of debtors. A larger sum will be exacted 
from a tobacco colony than from Jamaica ; and it will not only 
be higher in one of the poorest colonies, and the least able to bear 
it, than in the richest ; but the principle part of the revenue will 



be drawn from the poorest individuals in the poorest colonies, 
from mortgagers, obligors, and defendants. If this be true, does 
the act deserve the encomium of being a mode of taxation the 
easiest, and the most equal a duty upon property spread lightly over 
a great variety of subjects, and heavy upon none f 

The commons of Great Britain, moreover, in their capacity of 
representative, not only give and grant the property of the colonies, 
but, in my construction of the stamp act, (however every reader 
may examine and judge for himself,) give and grant also to certain 
officers of the crown, a power to tax them higher still ; for these 
officers will not, I presume, be called virtual representatives too ; 
and what they shall think fit to levy, by an ingenious extent of 
the fiction, will not be considered as levied with the consent of 
the colonies. — The instances, I believe, are rare, in which the 
representatives of the people of England have delegated to officers 
of the crown the power of taxing their constituents ; nor hath any 
distinction yet been advanced to prove, that, in their capacity of 
virtual representatives of the colonies, the house of commons not 
having the same confidence reposed in them, ought to proceed 
upon peculiar rules. There was a statute of Henry VIII. by 
which, I think, the king's proclamations, with the consent of the 
privy council, were to operate as laws ; and another statute of 
Riohard II. that the power of the two houses should be vested in 
twelve lords ; but these acts bear no resemblance to the stamp act. 

The stamping instruments are to be retained in England, Vellum, 
parchment, and paper, are to be sent to America, ready stamped. 
— ^The first commissioner of the treasury, or the commissioners, or 
any three or more of them, are, by the act, impowered to set any 
price upon the vellum, parchment and paper, and the payment of 
that price is secured and inforced by the same pains and penalties 
that the stamp duties arc. 

If the substitution of an arbitrary civil law court, in the place 
of the legal judicatories, and that deserved fiivourite, the common 
law-trial by jury, would not justify the assertion, that the stamp 
act hath stripped the colonies of the guards and securities pro- 
vided by the constitution against oppression in the execution of 
laws, I would much less presume to say, the vesting in the com- 


missioners of the treasury a power to tax the colonies, will amply 
justify the assertion, that the stamp act hath not left them even 
the shadow of a privilege. It is indeed something difficult to 
imagine how the order of democracy, which is as much a part of 
the constitution, as monarchy or aristocracy, can exist when the 
people are excluded from a share in the executing, and a share in 
the making of laws ; but that is not the present^^case ; and, tho' I 
may not be able to answer a specious objection, formed upon 
general principles, I am not obliged to adopt it, 'till I am con- 
vinced of its solidity. 

A LITTLE examination will find how ^unfair and deceptive the 
representation is, that the colonies in North America, "two mil- 
" lions of Britkh subjects, an opulent, thriving and ^commercial ' 
" people, contribute to the national expence, no more than 7 or 
"800/. _per annum by taxes raised there for tho' it should be 
acknowledged, (which I neither acknowledge nor deny, because 
I do not know, nor have an opportunity at coraing^Jat the fact) 
that the impositions upon the inhabitants of the colonies do not 
raise there, a greater sum than hath been stated, it doth not follow 
that " the inhabitants of the colonies are indulged at the expence 
" of Great Britain, and that the readiest British cottager, who out 
"of his scanty pittance, hardly earned, pays the high duties of 
" customs and excise in the price of his consumptions, has reason 
" to complain,^^ if immense sums are raised upon the inhabitants 
of the colonies ehewhere. 

By such artifices and sophistry, is ignorance misled, credulity 
deceived, and prejudices excited. Thus oppression gains the credit 
of equity, cruelty passes for moderation, and tyranny for justice, 
and the man who deserves — reproach, is celebrated by adulation, 
and applauded by delusion for his wisdom and patriotic virtues. 

The truth is, that a vast revenue arises to the British nation 
from taxes paid by the colonies in Great Britain, and even the 
most ignorant British cottager, not imposed upon by infamous 
misrepresentation, must perceive, that it is of no consequence to 
his ease and relief, whether the duties raised upon America are 
paid thei^e, and thence afterwards remitted to Great Britain, or 
paid at first upon the produce of the colonies in Great Britain, 


In the article of tobacco, for instance, the planter pays a tax 
upon that produce of his land and labour consumed in Great 
Britain^ more than six times the clear sum received by him for it, 
besides the expences of freight, commission and other charges, 
and double freight, commission and diarges upon the tobacco 
re-exported, by which the British merchants, mariners, and other 
British subjects, are supported ; — a tax, at least, equal to what is 
paid by any farmer of Great BritaiUy possessed of the same degree 
of property; and moreover the planter must contribute to the 
support of the expensive internal government of the colony, in 
which he * resides. 

Is it objected, that the duties charged upon tobacco, fall ulti- 
mately upon the consumers of this commodity in the consequential 
price set upon it ? Be it so, and let the principle be established 
that all taxes upon a commodity, are paid by the consumers of it, 
and the consequence of this principle be fairly drawn, and equally 

The British consumers therefore, ultimately pay the high duties 
laid upon tobacco, in proportion to the quality of that commodity 
which they consume. — The colonies therefore, in proportion to 
their consumption of British manufactures, pay also the high 
duties of customs and excise, with which the manufactures are 
charged in the consequential price set upon their consumptions. 
In their passage moreover, from the British manufactures to the 
American importers, the commodities go thro^ a great many hands, 
by which their costs are enhanced ; the factors, the carriers, the 
shop-keepers, the merchants, the brokers, the porters, the water- 
men, the mariners, and others, have their respective profits, from 
which they derive their subsistence, and the support of their 
families, and are enabled to pay the high duties of customs and 
excise, in the price of their f consumptions. 

The policy of the late regulations of the colonies is of the same 
character with their justice and lenity. The produce of their lands, 
the earnings of their iadustry, and the gains of their commerce 

*See the Appendix, 
t S«@ the Appendix, 


center in Great Britain, support the artificers, the manufactories, 
and navigation of the nation, and with them the British land- 
holders too. 

Great Britain had ALL before, and therefore can have no 
more from the colonies ; but the minister, in the pursuit of a 

well digested, consistent, wise and salutary plan of colonization 
" and government, a plan founded upon the principles of policy, 

commerce and finances," chooses to demolish at one blow, all 
their privileges, as they have understood them, that he may raise 
in America, a part of what was before paid in Great Britcdn. But 
if the execution of it, instead of improving the advantages already 
possessed, confi^rming the blessings already enjoyed, and promoting 
the public welfare, should happen to distress the trade, reduce the 
navigation, impoverish the manufacturers, and diminish the value 
of lands in Great Britain ; should it drive the British mechanics 
and manufacturers to America^ by depriving them of their best 
customers at home, and force the colonies upon manufactures, they 
are disabled from purchasing, other topics of eulogy must be dis- 
covered by his ingenious encomiasts, than his wisdom or his 
political atchievements. Upon such an event, an American will 
have very little reason to exclaim, 

0 ! me infelicem, qui nunc demum intdligo 

Ut iUa mihi profuerint qace dispexeram, 

M Ula, qace lavdaramy quantum ludus habuerint 

0 ! unhappy /, who now at length am sensible 
How the things I had despised were of advantage to me, 
And how much mourning they caused, which I had so much 

The right of exemption from all taxes toUhout their consent, the 
colonies claim as British subjects. They derive this right from 
the common law, which their charters have declared and con- 
firmed, and they conceive that when stripped of this right, whether 
by prerogative or by any other power, they are at the same time 
deprived of every privilege distinguishing free-men from slaves. 

On the other hand, they acknowledge themselves to be sub- 



ordinate to the mother country, and that the authority vested in 
the supreme council of the nation, may be justly exercised to sup- 
port and preserve that subordination. 

Great and just encomiums have been bestowed upon the con- 
stitution of England^ and their representative is deservedly the 
favourite of the inhabitants in Britain. But it is not because the 
supreme council is called parltamenty that they boast of their 
constitution of government; for there is no particular magical 
influence from the combination of the letters which form the 
word ; it is because they have a share in that council, that they 
appoint the members who constitute one branch of it, whose duty 
and interest it is to consult their benefit, and to assert their rights, 
and who are vested with an authority, to prevent any measures 
taking effect dangerous to their liberties, or injurious to their 

But the inhabitants in the colonies have no share in this great 
council. None of the members of it are, or can be of their 
appointment, or in any respect dependent upon them. There is 
no immediate connection, on the contrary, there may be an 
opposition of interest; how puerile then is the declaration, ^Svhat 

will become of the colonies birthright, and the glorious securities 
" which their forefathers handed down to them, if the authority 
" of the British parliament to impose taxes upon them should be 
" given up ? To deny the authority of the British legislature, is 
" to surrender all claim to a share in its councils ; and if this 
" were the tenor of their charters, a grant more insidious or replete 
" with mischief could not be imagined, a forfeiture of their rights 
" would be couched under the appearance of privilege, &c." 

(To be ConHnued.) 




[Executive Archives.] 

[An Echo of April 19, 1861.] 

Phila. Feb. 20tli, 1865. 

To His Excellency Bradford 

Grovernor of the State of Maryland. 

Your Excellency will remember that on the 19th. April 1861, 
the attack was made by a mob on the Millitary in the City of 
Baltimore, now there is a number of Oflteers of the 26th. Kegt. 
P. V. under the Command of CoL Wm. E. Small with the 
said Regiment who where injured and lost clothing Uniforms 
&c, and as the Honorable Legislature of your State has made 
an appropriation for tiie Massachusetts Eegt. the said Officers 
or at least some of them of the 26th. P. V. desires that they 
may receive compensation. One Capt who was wounded in the 
head and thumb was under a Phisician hands for a long time 
before he was able to do any thing, the amount his claim is 
about a thousand dollars, Col. Small's claim about three hun- 
dredj I have not heard the amount the others claim, but I 
dont think it will be verry large. And we must be carefull 
that no imposition be practiced in the estimation of damages 
should your Legislature mak an appropriation for their relief. 

Tour Excellency if you think proper will please lay the 
matter before the Honerable Legislature of Maryland, and in- 
form me of the result 

Most truly Your humble servant 

Jonathan Eggleton late Captain in the 67th P. Y. 
jSTo. 337 Chesnut street 

P. S. Enclosed I send copies of Certificates from Col Small 
and Doctor Taylor which Oapt. Kiefer requesiied to be sent 
to you. 

J. E. 



Philad. May 19, 1862 

I certify upon honour that the wounds referred to in the an- 
nexed certificate of Dr. Taylor^ were received by Capt, Jacob 
Kiefer, commanding Comp. B. of the second Regiment of 
Washington Guard at Baltimore Md on the 19th of April 1861 
in the engagement between the mob of that city and a portion 
of "the Washington Brigade of this city then under my command. 
I also certify that I was proceeding at that time from Phila- 
delphia to Washington, under orders of the secretair of war, 
the Hon, Simon Cameren to be mustered into servise at Wash- 
inton for the defense of the C-apitol. 

Wm. F. Small Col. 26th Eegt Pa Vol. 

late Brig. Gen. Comd. Washington Brigade. 

this is a true copie. 

This is to certify that Capt. Jacob Kiefer was attended by 
me from April 20 to June 1 1861. 

He was wounded in the scalp and had his right thumb nearly 
severed at the joint which will always remain stiff in conse- 
quence besides several contusion on the body. 

Wm. S. Taylor M. D. 

May 19th 1862 
this is a. true copie. 

[Roger B. Taney to Daniel Murray, Esq.] 

Frederick, March 21, 1818. 

Dear Murray : 

I have lately heard that a petition has been forwarded to 
the Executive to reappoint Benjamin Jones a Magistrate for 
this County. It is not necessary to tell you how readily men 
put their names to a petition when they do not feel the respon- 
sibility of the measure proposed to be adopted. In this in- 
stance some very worthy men, who are decided federalists 


and my personal friends havej as I am told, signed the petition. 
But you may rest assured tkat the removal of Jones was proper 
and that his reappointment would produce nothing but evil. 
You will please communicate this letter to the Council and 
accept Dear Murray, the best wishes of 

Your friend 

R B. Taney. 

[Lt. Colonel John Jones to Goveenoe Levin Windee.] 

Dorchester County, June 21st, 1813. 

D^ Sir, 

I wrote you some time in May last Informing your Excellency 
of a number of Vacants wanting to be filled up in the 48th Eeg* 
which still remain so, perhaps my letter never got to hand. I 
now take the liberty to transmit you a list of those removed and 
those to Commission. 

In Cap* George Lake's Company in the place of Labil Pearson 
resigned to be Commiseiond Washington Lake Lieut., William 
Andrews Insign. 

Cap* David FoUin's Comp^, in place of Uriah Dean Lieut. Dead 
to be Commissiond Jno. McNamara Lieut., Wm. Robertson Insign. 

Cap* Den wood Meekins resigned, in his place a Commission for 
John Travers Cap* also for said Company commissions for Charles 
Travers Lieut., Jno Travers 2^^ Insign. 

Cap* Tylor's Company, in place of Lieut Thomas Wallace re- 
signed George GriflSth Lieut to be Commissioned. 

Cap* William Colston's Company, in place of Insign James 
Busick resigned Noah Eichardson to be Commissioned. 

In place of Surgeon Dorsey Wyvill Doct^ James B. Sullivan to 
be commissioned — ^also a commission for Doct^ Harrison Dixon as 
Surgeon's Mate. 

I wish the above to come on as soon as convenient. 

I am your Excellency's most obt Svt. 

Jno. Jones Lieut. Coin 48th rgt. 



N. B. — Cap* James Mobrey [Mowbray] Resd to be com- 
mitioned Cap* Wm, Linthicum; Archibald Ross resd in his place 
Levin Stewart Lieut, John Kirby Resd in his place James 
Skinner Ensig. 

His Excellency Levin Winder, Governor of Maryland. 

[Endorsed Colonel Jones recommending Militia officers appoint- 
ments made except for Captain Mowbray and Tyler^s Companies. 
Company written to. In a state now to be acted on. Aug 1813. 
Appointed 21 Septr compleated.] 

[Lieut. Colonel John Jokes to Govebnob Levin Winder.] 

Dorchester County, July 30*^ 1813. 

D' Sir, 

I Received a note from Mr Pinkney Clk of the Counsel dated 
July 8*^ and finding your Excellency has declined sending four 
commissions on account of not knowing what has become of 
Thomas Skinner Lieutenant of the late Capt. Mobray^s company 
Yice Archibald Ross resigned. Thomas Skinner would not take 
his Commission after being appointed as to Mathew Wallace 
Insign of Capt. Tylor's Company he would not take his rise but 
stood as he was, which occationed the Nomination as you received 
them. I wish now Commissions for Wm Linthicum Capt, Levin 
Stewart Lieut, and James Skinner Insig, Capt James Mobray 
and all his officers resigning, and in Capt Tylor's Company George 
Griffith Lieut, as Mathew Wallace stands Insign. 

I am your Excellency most obt Sevt 

Jno. Jones Lieut CoP 48*^ Ridg*. 

Baltimore, July 1815. 

Robert G. Harper Esq' 
Dear Sir 

In compliance with your polite & condescending request, when 
I had the honour last to converse with you, I now remit you a 
few lines, which may enable you to judge whether there was 
sufficient cause to leave my name out of the list, or nomination of 



magistrates for Baltimore County, since the year 1813, to the 
manifest injury of the police of this City, & also to its mercantile 

For the last 40 years of my life the foul breath of calumny 
never assailed my moral character until the Editors of the Federal 
Republican imposed upon (as I have since well ascertained) by a 
communication remitted to them by a certain person in this City, 
whose Character can add no weight to his testimony, & whose 
name, in mercy to himself and family I withhold (he being a 
brother Mason) were induced or rather seduced to make the fol- 
lowing remarks in their paper of the 4*^ Dec"^ 1812 : ^ 

" We have given from time to time the names of several in 
Baltimore, who acted in, stimulated or approved the murder and 
riots lately committed there : To these we have now to add the 
name of the Kev^ John Hargrove, Register of the City, Minister 
of the Gospel & Justice of the Peace, ascertained in the following 
manner. About 3 hours before the attack upon the prison which 
was made for the purpose of murdering the Gentlemen who had 
been placed there for safety, and which, through a most manifest 
interposition of heaven, terminated in the death only of one, this 
hoary headed HYPOCRITE, this contemner, equally of his holy 
office & of the laws of the land which he had been appointed to 
execute, used the following or equivalent expressions to a person 
in the Mayor^s office in allusion to the necessary defence made 
against the murderous attack of the Charles Street Mob, which, as 
a Justice of the Peace it was his duty to endeavour to disperse or 
suppress. He said ^ Remove the cause & the effect must cease, and 
as partial evil is calculated to promote general Good, it is a pity but 
they (meaning the mob) could have got hold of two or three of the 
firebrands/ meaning the defenders of the house, then in prison. 
We take it for granted that his commission of Justice will have 
been vacated, nor can we suppose the respectable part of his 
Spiritual flock will think their steps safe under a Pastor who 
openly wishes for civil bloodshed, and the Subversion of the law, 

igee also " Baltimore Riot of 1812/» this Magazine, Vol. 5, p. 191. 



in such time and m«nn@r as might be calculated to instigate 
to both/^ 

When this very unexpected paragraph first met my eye, together 
with the tortured and unjust editorial comment, I confess that it 
was perused with mingled feelings of surprize aud indignation, 
which were followed by those of contempt and a dignified defiance 
of the consequence ; armed as I felt myself, so strong in honesty, 
and in the good esteem of my fellow Citizens of Baltimore, I never 
could compel myself to attempt a reply by way of self defence ; 
for I am confident that out of the 50,000 inhabitants of this City, 
five solitary individuals could not be found to attach any improper 
conduct to me at the period alluded to, or before and since, though 
for many years my conduct has been subjected to the most rigid 
scrutiny. I have never ranked as a political character in my life, 
nor was ever united to any political club or society. The char- 
acter of Urbanity which I have always sustained, even in the 
estimation of those with whom I am viewed as differing in politics, 
is sufficient to support me on inquiry at any time. But to the 
point, with respect to the expressions 1 am made to utter y in the 
foregoing communication to the Fed, Repuh. I would thus answer 
1^* By assuring you most solemnlyy that I have no recollection of 
having ever expressed the words at all, and I am certain they 
never were so, in the manner , and with the application ascribed to 
me. Indeed it is morally impossible I could have uttered the 
most objectionable part of them, to wit "J? wa^ pity that two or 
three of the firebrands could not be laid hold of^^ because it is 
acknowledged, that the conversation alluded to, wherein / am 
made to speak the language of an infuriated partizan took place 
several hours after the Gentlemen in Charles Street had sur- 
rendered themselves, & were marched before my eyes and safely 
lodged in prison ; where, indeed I immediately went to visit and 
console one of them my masonic friend, and intimate associate. 
The absurdity then, of attributing such expressions to me must be 

But 2^ even admitting that some such expressions were then 
used by me, as, that "Effects are never produced without a 
Cause ,• and that partial evil is sometimes universal Good." I 



might ask is not the 1st a philosophical^ & the 2d a moral truth ? 
and acknowledged by the wise and good of all ages and nations ? 
But, that a man, and a minister of the Gospel, now on the verge 
of the grave, and who consequently must plead guUty to the charge 
of being hoary headed should express regret that violence did not 
do its accursed work on that unhappy occasion, is an idea that my 
soul revolts at, as being opposite to my peaceable disposition. 

Indeed no Magistrate in the City was more active than myaelf, 
after I knew of the riots, as C. Burral Postmaster and Owen 
Dorsey Esq' both Federalists with some knowledge of, as well as 
the then Sheriff of Balt^ Co., Wm. Merryman ; though on the 3 
outrageous nights I was in bed and a Stranger to the scenes nor 
knew of the transactions until next morning. 

To conclude. To the hasty and unfounded Charges ag®* me 
published in the Fed, Republican, If this were the cause of my 
not being kept in the Commission of the peace, I confident present 
the tenor of a long life, never disgraced by one evident mark of 
Hypocrisy. Hence my Spiritual flock'' have not since deserted 
me, but were they to do so, it would not lessen my annual income 
one dollar anm. And pardon my egotism when I add, that 
any perquisites formerly obtained by me as a Magistrate, were 
sacred to the poor. It is true I never acted in that capacity only 
in the office, where it is daily and hourly wanted to aid and pro- 
mote the police and mercantile interest of the City — in the absence 
of the Mayor; but I am prolix, and beg pardon for detaining 
you so long on the subject ; a Subject which has given much pain 
to some of my estimable Federal friends of the New Jerusalem 
Church, at a distance, while at the same time they never have 
been brought to think I acted improperly. 

If the foregoing remarks will disabuse any honest mind from 
their former prejudices on the subject, it will answer the end of 
this letter and in some measure console. Sir, Your very humble 
serv* in all duty. 

Jn® Hargrove. 

[Endorsed "John Hargrove appointed Justice Peace Balto, 
Aug 22, 1815."J 



Head Quarters 
1'* Sep Brigade 8^^ A Corps 
Eelay House B & O R Road 
Nov 2V' 1864 

My Dear Governor 

I am here in temporary command of this brigade during the 
absence of Br Gen^ Tyler who is away on a twenty days leave, 
and I am somewhat discouraged at having these subordinate com- 
mands when I am conscious of ability to fill higher and more 
important ones. 

Gen^ Shriver has just left me and said it was quite likely that 
you would go to the front with the flags for our regiments. I 
hope that you will; for many reasons^ and principally because I 
think that you ought to do so, at the same time I have thought 
that perhaps you might have an opportunity to do or say some- 
thing which would promote my being ordered to the army in 
front of Petersburg and Richmond. I know that I am a soldier 
and it is because I am such, that my pride has revolted at the 
idea of begging for a command, but I have come to the conclusion 
that it is better to make an effort now, — at this season of the 
year and when things, in my judgment do not look particularly 
encouraging, than to await the progress of events ; in addition, I 
am satisfied that the Republic now needs every willing heart and 
hand that she has in her service. 

I do not desire to make the occasion of your visit to the Army 
of the Potomac, an opportunity to embarass you with my views 
and wishes, but simply to beg your friendly remembrance of me 
should a way be opened, there or elsewhere. Major Gen^ Ord has 
promised that he would present my name to Gen^ Grant and ask 
him for a command for me and I have hopes of being attached to 
the 18*^ Corps, but the absence of Gen^ Ord, by reason of his 
wound, greatly militates against my prospects of success, for the 
absent are soon forgotten in the army. 

Very truly yours 

John R. Kenly, B. G. 

Hon^^« A. W. Bradford 
Gov' of Maryland 




Diary of Gideon Welles, with introduction by John T. Morse, 
Jr. 3v. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1911. $10.00 

The journal of Gideon Welles written day by day in war 
time and the reconstruction period, gives a striking picture of 
the period from the point of view of the administration. We 
are shown not only the conduct of the various departments, tke 
disputes of the Cabinet members, the hopes, disappointments and 
achievements of the government, but also the daily personal 
relations of Lincoln with his Cabinet. Welles comments on the 
character, personality and motives of his associates are clearly 
and strikingly set forth, and while we may not always agree 
with his estimates, they are always forcefully presented. The 
general reader as well as the student of history will be amply 
repaid for the time spent in its perusal. JKTumerous references 
to Maryland men and aifairs occur in the pages of the journal. 

Under date of October 14, 1864, he writes: . . The death 
of Judge Taney was alluded to. His funeral takes place to- 
morrow. The body will pass from his residence at 7. a. m. to 
the depot; and be carried to Frederick, Maryland. Seward 
thought it his duty to attend the funeral in this city but not 
farther, and advised that the President should also. The At- 
torney-General deemed it his duty and a proper courtesy to go 
with the remains to F. The President inquired my views. I 
thought the suggestions in regard to himself and Messrs. Sew- 
ard and Bates very well, and it would be best not to take official 
action, but to let each member of the Cabinet act his pleasure. 
Por my own part, I felt little inclined to participate. I have 
never called upon him living, and while his position and office 
were to be respected, I had no honors for the deceased beyond 
those that were public. That he had many good qualities and 
possessed ability, I do not doubt; that he rendered service in 
Jackson's administration is true, and during most of his judi- 
cial life he was upright and just. But the course pursued in 
the Dred Scott ease and all the attending circumstances for- 
feited respect for him as a man or a judge.'' 


uAWYULm mmrmmAjj mAMABm^. 

Battle Honours of the British Army, by 0. B. Norman. Lon- 
don, John Murray, 1911. 

This volume gives a " brief description of the various actions 
ihe names of which are emblazoned on the colonrs and appoint- 
ments of the regiments in the British army.'' It is worthy of 
note that the only " honours '' acquired in North America were 
during the War of 1812. From the account of Bladensburg it 
appears that " this honour is borne on the colours of the fol- 
lowing regiments ; 

King's Own (Eoyal Lancaster). 

Royal Scots Fusileers. 
Shropshire Light Infantry. 

. . . The force moved to Nottingham in three columns. The 
right, under Colonel Brooke, of the 44th, consisted of the 4th 
(King's Own) and the 44th (Essex) ; th^ centre, commanded 
by Colonel Patterson, of the 21st (Eoyal Scots Fusileers), com- 
prised that corps and a strong naval brigade ; whilst the left 
column, v/hich was under Colonel Thornton, of the 85th 
(King's Light Infantry) was made up of that regiment and 
the light companies of the other three battalions. . ." The 
casualties were ; Royal Artillery^ 6 men wounded ; Royal Engi- 
neers, 2 men killed ; 4th King's Own, 1 officer killed, 7 wounded, 
23 men killed, 56 wounded; Scots Fusileers, 2 officers wounded, 
2 men killed, 11 wounded ; Essex, 14 men killed, 36 wounded ; 
Shropshire L. I., 2 officers killed, 11 wounded, 12 men killed, 53 
wounded ; Eoyal Marines, 6 men killed, 1 wounded ; 6th West 
India, 1 man killed. 

A History of the American Bar, by Charles Warren. Boston : 
Little, Brown & Co., 1911. Pp. 586. $4.00 net. 

In his preface the author says: " This is not a law book for 
those who wish to study law. It is an historical sketch for 
those who wish to know something about the men who have 
composed the American Bar of the past, and about influences 
which produced the great American lawyers." 

The second chapter deals with the Colonial bar of Maryland ; 
and later chapters entitled " The Federal Bar and the Law " 
discuss the careers of many prominent Maryland lawyers. 
The work is interesting and scholarly. 



Ye Kingdome of Accawmacke or the Eastern Shore of Virginia 
in the Seventeenth Century, by Jennings Cropper Wise. 
Bell Book and Stationery Co., Richmond, 1911. Pp. 406. 
$2.00 net. 

This work is a contribution to that portion of Virginia whiek 

has been persistently overlooked heretofore and which the au- 
thor claims forms a very important cornerstone to the history of 
the State. The boundary disputes with Maryland and other 
relations of the two sister states are illustrated from documents 
and other manuscript materials. An account is given of the 
activities of Governor William Stone ; of the coming of the 
Quakers and of the planting of the Presbyterian church by 
Francis Makemie. 

Three Rivers, the James, the Potomac, the Hudson, A retro- 
spect of peace and war^ by Joseph Pearson Farley, U. S. A. 
New York: Neale Publishing Co., 1910. Col. plates, pp. 

This volume is largely made up of sketches first published 
in various military journals, and contains the author's personal 
recollections of the Civil War. Some local history and descrip- 
tion is incorporated but the searcher for information concerning 
the three rivers mentioned, will find but little as the title is 
rather misleading. 

The Christiana Riot and the Treason Trials of 1851, by W. TJ. 
Hensel. Lancaster, Pa., 1911. Pp. 134. 

The Lancaster County Historical Society celebrated the erec- 
tion of a monument to the victims of the Christiana riot, in 
which Edward Gorsuch of Baltimore County was murdered, 
on September 11, 1911, the sixtieth anniversary of the riot. 
The proceedings of the occasion, together with the above mon- 
ograph are published in the Monthly Proceedings of the Society 
for October 1911. Mr. Hensel is revising his work and expects 
to republish it in book form in a short time. The inscriptions 
on the monument are to Edward Gorsuch " who died for law " 
and to Castner Hanway who " suffered for freedom.'' 



Mahemieland Memorials, by Rev. L. P. Bowen, D. D. Eich- 
mond, Va. Pp. 205. 

Mr. Bowen has gathered into this volume several papers and 
addresses relating to I'rancis Makemie and to the^ monument 
erected in his memory on Holden's Creek, Accomac Co., Va. 
Pages 78 to 205 are devoted to poems local and personal. 

Memoirs of J ohn Mifflin Hood, compiled by John M. Hood, Jr. 
68 pp. 

This pamphlet is a compilation of editorials, resolutions, 
ordinances and speeches, principally from the daily press, in 
connection with the erection and dedication of the monument 
to the late General Hood. 

The Mayer Family, by Harriet Hyatt Mayer, is a pamphlet of 
five leaves giving a brief account of the Mayer family of TJlm, 
with " trees," and illustrated with mounted photographs. 

Heralds of a Liberal Faith, edited by Samuel A. Eliot. 3 vols. 
Boston: American Unitarian Association, 1910. $2.50 

These handsome volumes, designated respectively ^^the Pro- 
phets,^^ "the Pioneers," and "the Preachers," contain biographi- 
cal sketches of three hundred and one Unitarian ministers. 
Volume one contains nothing of local interest, but volume two 
has sketches of John Pierpont and Jared Sparks, the former 
being prominent here in 1816 as a poet and man of letters, while 
the latter was for four years pastor of the First Independent 
Christ Church on Franklin St.; Volume three contains an 
adequate sketch of George Washington Burnap, the successor 
of Jared Sparks and for thirty-two years pastor of the above 

Reminiscences, by the Rt. Rev. William Paret, D. D., LL. D., 
sixth Bishop of Maryland. Philadelphia : Geo. W. Jacobs 
& Co., 1911. 209. pp. $1.50 net. 

" These ^ Remembrance ' are written, not with any wish for 



their being published, — ^but at the earnest request of my child- 
ren and of a few dear friends. I have tried to state facts only, 
avoiding as far as possible any expression of my opinions," 
Author's preface. 

The book has a preface by Bishop John Gr. Murray and 
an Introduction by the editor, Miss Emily Paret Atwater. 

Report of the C ommiss-ion appointed to study the system of 
Education in the Public Schools of Baltimore* U. S. 
Bureau of Education. Washington, 1911. 112 pp. 

This report which excited great local interest as published 
in the daily press has now appeared in permanent form as 
Education Bulletin, 1911, ITo. 4., whole number 450. 

Guide to the materials for American History in Roman and 
other Italian Archives, by Carl Russell Eish, Washing- 
ton, D. 0. The Carnegie Institution, 1911. 289 pp. 
$2.00 net. 

This volume calendars a number of somewhat interesting 
papers relating to Maryland contained in the Roman Archives, 
but no unpublished papers of great importance, and it is proba- 
ble that the most valuable Maryland documents were contained 
in the Jesuit documents and therefore have fallen into Father 
Hughes' work. 

A History of Public Permanent Common School Funds in the 
U. 8. 1795-1905, by Fletcher Harper Swift. New York, 
Henry Holt & Co., 1911. 493 pp. 

Chapter twenty-eight of this work, devoted to Maryland, 
summarizes the history and legislation of the Free school Fund 
and gathers into one place all the various items of interest 
concerning the funds. 

Historical Research. An outline of theory and practice, by 
John Martin Vincent. New York, Hotij Holt & Co., 
1911. 150 pp. $2.00 net. 

This valuable work is based on the lectures given by the 



author during his twenty years connection with the Johns 
Hopkine University as professor of Etiropean history. 

Through the courtesy of Mr. H. H. B. Meyer^ chief "biblio- 
grapher of the Library of Congress^ we are enabled to print 
the following note concerning Charles Garth, the parliamentary 
agent for the colony of Maryland during the Stamp Act 
troubles, whose letters on that subject are printed in this 
current volume. 

A sketch of the branch of the Garth family settled at Devizes, 
Wiltshire, is printed in the " Wiltshire Archaeological and 
Natural History Magazine,'^ v. 2, (1885), p. 332, with gene- 
alogical table. According to this, Charles Garth was son of 
John Garth, Eecorder of Devizes and member of Parliament 
for that borough, 1740-1757 and 1761-1764. Charles Garth 
was also Recorder of Devizes and member for the borough from 
1765 to 1780. He was appointed Commisioner of Excise in 
1780. He married November 29, 1764, Fanny, daughter of 
John Cooper, of Camberwell, near Bradford, Wiltshire. 
Charles Garth died at Walthamstow, March 9, 1874. His wife 
died in 1792. They had three sons and four daughters. 

Charles Garth was a grand-nephew of Sir Samuel Garth, 
celebrated physician and poet, an account of whom will be 
found in the Dictionary of National Biography, 

The new half million dollar building of the ISTew Hampshire 
Historical Society at Concord was dedicated on November 23rd. 
The fund for the erection of the building came from priva;te 
subscriptions, and was largely the gift of Mr. Edward Tuck. 

The Chairman of the Committee on Printing announces 
that a new and revised edition of the Biographical Congressioruil 
Directory is in preparation and he will be glad to receive any 
corrections from individuals or libraries tending to improve 
the work. 

The American Law School Review for ISTovember contains a 
memorial tribute to the late Judge George Matthews Sharp by 
0. La Rue Munson, which was read at the meeting of the sec- 
tion of legal education of the American Bar Association, 
August 30, 1911. 


The recent death of Dr. J. 0. Hepburn, the veteran mission- 
ary to Japan, leaves the Rev. George A. Leakin, one of the 
Vice-Presidents of this Society, the oldest living graduate of 

Americana for August contains an article hy William S. 
PelletraUj entitled Hinton Rowan Helper and his book." It 
will be remembered that " The Impending Crisis " which 
aroused such a storm of protest and criticism in 1857, was 
written in Baltimore though published in New York. Helper's 
other publications are also noted. 

The Nation of August 24:th prints a letter from Mr. Gaillard 

Hunt of the Library of Congress, " More Records of the Fed- 
eral Constitution," which contains a note in regard to Dr. 
James McHenry. 

The presentation of the portrait bust of Governor Isaac 
Shelby to the Memorial Continental Hall recalls the fact that 
he was born in Maryland, near Hagerstown, December 11, 
1750. The gift was made by the Kentucky chapter, National 
Society of the Daug'hters of the American Revolution. An 
illi^trated souv^r pt^dgramme immA om the occitsion. 






October 9, 1911. Stated Meeting. Mr. W. Hall Harris, 
one of the Vice-Presidents, in the chair and eighteen members 
present. President Cohen subsequently came in and took the 

Hon. Henry Stockbridge donated two copper plates of Luther 

The following persons hitherto nominated were elected to 
active membership: Mrs. Cecilia C. Thompson and George 

The necrology: Dr. Robert xltkinson, James H. Buchanan, 
Harrison W. Vickers, Joseph E. Foard, George M. Sharp, 
Henry C. Larrabee, Fridge Murdoch, Walter R. Townsend. 

The PrerideEt announced that during the summer a new 
stefitm heiilfng apparatus has been installed, the cellar cleaned 
and a portion paved, and the library rooms cleaned by the 
vacuum process. 

November 13^ 1911. Stated Meeting. Presid^t Cohen in 
the chair and twenty-two members present. 

His Eminence James Cardinal Gibbons through Mr, Michael 
Jenkins presented a medallion of himself struck off in honor 
of his jubilee. Mr. W. Hall Harris offered the following 
resolution : 

Resolved, That the thanlcs of the Maryland Historical So- 
•ciety be tendered to His Eminence the Cardinal for this very 
interesting and unusually handsome medallion. 

The following persons hitherto nominated were elected to 



active membersliip : Mrs. Thomas L. Gladden, James 0. Git- 
tings, Arthur L. Jones, William Milnes Maloy, Mrs. Eben 
Sutton and to associate membership : Charles Exley Calvert. 

The resignation of Euxten M. Eidgely was presented and 

Dr. Bernard 0. Steiner from the Committee on Publications 
reported that Volume 31 of the Maryland Archives was com- 

On the motion of Dr. Steiner, Hon. Henry Stockbridge, 
Messrs. Samuel K. Dennis and Louis H. Dielman were ap- 
pointed a committee to prepare and submit a report to the next 
General Assembly and to take the necessary steps to secure a 
continuance of the usual appropriation. 

Dr. Bernard 0. Steiner read a paper on " Some Aspects of 
Governor Fendall's Administration in 1659 and 1660." 

James W. Bowebs, 
Recording Secretary. 


(Names of Authors, titles of Contributed Papers and Original Documents are 
printed in small capitals ; titles of books renewed or noticed appear in italics. ) 

Abbot, Thomas, 193. 
Abbott^ John, 66. 
Abbotte, John, 372. 
Abell, A. S. & Co., 29. 
Abk, Edward, 182. 
Abotts, John, 65. 
Abrahams, Richard, 69. 
Aoactians, 236. 
Acredce, G^rge, 370, 
AdanM, John, 171, 184. 

John Quincy, 31 

Katherine, 75. 

Peter, 256. 

Thomas, 67, 68. 

William, 171. 
Adanw' bight, 68. 
Adamson, John, 56. 
Adcock, Thomas, Jr., 192. 
Addams, George, 189. 

Stephen, 189. 
William, 189. 
Addison, Henry, 162. 
Adley, William, 185. 
Adlum, John, 261. 
Admiral Cockbubn's Plan, 16. 
Adventure (ship), 77, 208. 
Agent for sale of confiscated British 

property, 357. 
Aguifield, William, 186. 
Abem, William, 259. 
Airs, Jacob, 193. 
Aisquith, Oapt. George, 181. 

Maj. Thomas, 181. 
Albert, Augustus J., 129. 
Albutson, John, 23. 
Alder swamp, 67. 
Aldridge, William, 66. 

Alexander, Andrew, 47, 49. 
Jacob, 50. 
James, 46. 
Jededi^h, 46. 
John, 46, 47. 
Joseph, 46. 
Martin, 50. 
Moses, 47. 
Nathaniel, 47. 
Theophilus, 46. 
Thomas S., 34. 
William, 192. 
William, (Lord Stirling), 

All Saint's Parish, Fred'k CJo., 234. 
Allan, John, 194. 
AMein, Suaan, 349, 351. 

William, 305, 306, 308, 310, 
311, 316. 
Allen, Rev. Bennett, 162, 234. 

Elizabeth, 147. 

Rev. Ethan, 218, 236, 325. 

Francis, 189. i 

Rev. John, 147. 

Joseph, 189. 

Mary (Lowe), 147. 

Moses, 171, 

Reynolds, 51. 

Thomas, 66, 264. 

William, 63, 172, 190, 161. 

Wm. Davis, 171. 
Allison, Robert, 174, 175. 
Alman, Abraham, 49. 
Alman, Joseph, 49. 
Alnirtt, William, 52. 
A3rf>T09e, Malachi, 169. 
American (paper), 28, 30. 




American Archives, cited, 158» 
American Historical Review, cited, 

American Party, 117 
Amherst, Grenl. Sir Jeffrey, 146. 
Rev. Jeffrey, 146. 
Margaret, 146. 
Ander, Capt., 308. 
Anderson, Abraham, 50. 

James, 48, 164, 168. 
t^ames M., 168. 
John, 186. 
John McNeil, 171. 
Robert, 168, 170. 
Thomas, 170. 
Uria, 48. 
William, 334. 
''Anderton/' 147. 
Andrews, Charles L., elected, 87. 
Rev. John, 15. 
Matthew Page, elected, 

Moses, 47. 
R. Snowden, 118, 
Thomas, 338, 339, 340. 
William, 264, 409. 
Andrey, John C, 245. 
Annapolis, 18. 
Apelgath, George, 192, 
"Apes Hill," 71, 72, 
Appoquinomink Hundred, 174. 
Arcbbald, John, 47, 
Archer, Stevenson, 34, 
Archives of Marylwnd, Vol. 31, ed. 

by Wm. Hand Browne, 319. 
Ardington, Henry, 52. 
Argus (paper), 28, 30. 
Armor, Rev. Samuel, 177. 
Armslarong, Adam, 46. 

Alexander, 49. 
Archibald, 48. 
Edward, 49. 
Francifi, 190. 
Jamee, 48. 
Russel, 193. 
Thomas, 48. 
William, 48. 

Armstrong & Berry, 28. 
Arnold, John, 50. 
Arrington, John, 191. 

William, 191. 
Arthur, Mathew, 48. 
Artige, John, 51. 
Ash Comos Marsh, 72. 
Ashburton, John Dunning, Ist bor- 
on, 304. 
Ashcraft, Thomas, 192. 
Ashford, John, 50. 
Ashley, James, 257. 
Aehmore, John, 264. 

Tob., 175. 
Ashton, John, 268. 
Ashton Hall (ship), 208. 
Askew, Benjamin, 52, 

Henry, 52. 

John, 267. 

William, 52. 
Asseter, William, 366, 368. 
Association of the Freemen of Md., 
156, 242. 

Associations and Associatoes, by 

Col. Charlee Chaille-Long, 241. 
Associators of Patuxent, 305. 
Atkinson, Broadnax, 119. 

Dr. Robert, deceased, 422. 
Atlantic Souvenir, 78. 
Atwater, Iknily Paret, 419. 
Auld, Daniel, 192. 

John, 193. 
Austen, Elizabeth (Thomas), 146. 

John, Jr., 59. 
Austin, James, 59. 

Thomas, Jr., 59. 
Auston, John, 190. 

Richard, 191. 
Avery, John, 52. 
Avis, David, 52. 

Henry, 53. 
Aydlot, Samuel, 187. 

Thomas, 187. 
Ayres, Henry, 172. 

John, 172. 
Ayra, Harrison, 194. 

Back Creek, 199. 

Back River Bridge, burned, 125. 

Bacon, Anthony, 215. 

Rev. Thomas, 219 et seq, 

to vestry of All Saint's, 


Backus, Rev. John C, 32. 
Baden, Robert, Jr., 59. 

Thomas, 59. 
Bailey, Esme, 171. 
Bfiird, Alexander, 169. 
Baker, Dutton, 189. 
Francis, 53. 
Henderson, 186. 
Henry, 47, 257. 
Isaac, 53. 
Isaac, Jr., 53. 
John, 55. 
Nathan, 47. 
Solomon, 194. 
Baldwin, H. F., 78. 

James, 57. 
John, 57, 256. 
John, 341, 344, 350. 
Capt. John, 45. 
Baley, William, 190. 
Ball, Henry, 51. 

John, 51. 
Ballagh, James Curtis, elected, 87; 

mentioned, 318. 
Ballard, Lieut. Charles, 180. 

John, 189. 
Bailey, William, 48. 
Baltimore, Charles Calvert, hth. 

lord, 231. 
Baltimore, I^ry (Janneen), lady, 

Baltimore (ship), 320. 
Baltimore, Attack on, 16. 
Baltimore churches in 1846, 31, 32. 
Baltimore City G-uards, 118. 
Baltimore hotels, 1846, 22. 
Baltimore in 1846, by Henry Stock- 
bridge, Sr., 20. 
Baltimore Library Company, 28. 
Baltimore Packet (ehip), 77. 
Baltimore Riot of 1812, 410. 


Baltimore Riot of 1861, 124, 407. 
Baly, George, 185. 

William, 185. 
Bandy, Charles, 191. 

Edward, 191. 
Banks, Richard, 267. 
Banning, Anthony, 168. 

Jeremiah, 156, 214. 
Banns, John, 58. 

" Barbadoes Hall," 146. ' 
Barbar, Lieut. Baptist, 183. 
Barbur, John, 53. 
Barclay, Rev. John, 14. 

McKee, 208, 
Bare, Henry of Geo., 259, 
Barker, Joseph, 58. 
Barklett, Aylward, 186. 
Barnaby, John, 49. 
Barnes, Maj. Abraham, 182. 

R. M., 119. 

Richard, 251. 

Wever, 55. 
Bar net, John, 193. 
Barnett, Daniel, 259. 

Robert, 259. 
Barney, Joshua, 76, 84, 85. 
Barnum, David, 22. 

Zenus, 22. 
Barret, Samuel, 268. 
Barrett, John, 190. 
Barrick, Jacob, 257. 
Barrie, George, 76. 

Robert, 76. 
Barroll, Hope H., 165, 207. 
Barroll, L. Wethered, Washington 

College, 164. 
Barroll in Grt. Britain and America, 

by H. H. Barroll, 207. 
Barron, John, 50. 

Joseph, 191. 
Barrow, Richard, 190. 
Barrs, Thomas, 52. 
Bar rum, Bartholomew, 194. 
Barry, Lieut. Andrew, 47. 

James, mentioned, 79, 275; 
nolle prosequi, 85. 

John 46. 


Barry, William, 46. 
Bar tie tt, Abraham, 186. 

John, Jr., 186. 
Piusque, 186. 
Barton, Henry, 256. 
Barttomew, Peter, 260. 
Barwock, John, Jr., 190. 
Bftsbft, Andrew, 65. 

Giles, 64, 66, 199, 200. 
Basha's branch, 200. 
Baelll, John, Jr., 57. 
Ba&ter, Francis, 53. 
Batenmn, William, 51. 
Batehelor, William, 191 
Battle Honours of the British Army 

by C. B. Norman, 416. 
Baxter, Richard, ^69. 

Roger, 366. 
Bayard, Lieut. James, 49. 
Capt. Peter, 49. 
Samuel, 49. 
Bayer, Jacob, Jr., 268. 
Bayley, Elias, 189. 
Bayly, Oapt. Mouistjoy, 267, 268, 

Baynard, Tliomas, 191. 
Beach, Samuel B., 321. 
Beachbord, Levi, 194. 
Beal, Samuel, 184. 
Beale, John, 326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 
332, 333, 334, 336, 336, 338, 339, 
340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 
347, 348, 349, 360, 361. 
Beall, Alexander, 56. 

Andrew, 56. 

Basil, 56. 

Elisha, 259. 

Oapt. George, 56. 

George, Jr., 56. 

Henry, 56. 

James, 56. 

Joseph, 56. 

Joseph, of Kinian, 66, 

Josiah, 56. 

Nathaniel, 56. 

Richari, 56. 

Beall, Robert, 56. 

Lieut. William, 56. 

Wm., of Ninkm, 56. 
Beam, Ella, 78. 
Bean, John, 56, 58. 

Thomjas, 50. ^ 
Beane, Ralph, 264. 

Walter, 269, 270. 
Beane's Creek, 196. 
Beane^s Point, 263. 
Beard, John, 185. 

Robert, 269. 
Beasly, Jeffery, 49. 
Beaston, Thomas, 48. 
Beatty, Charles, 261. 
Eli, 255. 

Elizabeth (Chew), Deery, 

George D., 129. 
John, 260. 

Mrs. Philip A., elected, 86. 
Beaiiehamp, Fountain, 184. 

Isaac, 184. 
John, 184. 
Marcy, 183. 
ThonMis, 183. 
William, 184. 
Beaufort (ship), 320. 
Beav^s, Lieut. CorneliiiB, 184. 
Roling, 184. 
Thomas, 184. 
William, 184. 
Beaver Neck Creek, 66. 
Beckitt, Richard, 57. 
Beckley, Richard, 61. 
Beckworth, Thomas, 190. 
Bedle, William, 50. 
Beekham, Francis, 187. 
Belding, Alexander, 50. 
Bell, Hamilton, Jr., 171. 
James, 191. 
Josephus, 184. 
Bellamy, Henry, 366. 
Bellarman, John, 51. j 
Belle, Hamilton, 5, 15. * 
Belt, HiggiB«<ai, 56. 



BeM, Jeremiah, Jr., 57. 
CoL Joseph, 58. 
Joseph, of Benj., 56. 
Joseph, of John, 56. 
Capt. Tobias, 57, 
Benedict, Md., 16. 
Bennet, Charles, 172. 
Edward, 185. 
George, 185, 
William, 340. 
Bennett, John, 260, 366. 
Richard, 368. 
William, 184. 
Benney, John, 190. 

Thomas, 190. 
Benson, Benjamin, 50. 
Edmond, 330. 
Harry L., 86. 
James, 193. 
Benston, George, 188, 193. 
John, 188. 
William, 188. 
Bentalou, Paul, 84, 85. 
Berrey, Benjamin, 56. 
Berry, John, 59. 

Philip, 58. 
Bessay, Louise de, 253. 
Beewiek, Thomas, 190. 

William, 190. 
Betle, John, 45. 

John, Jr, 45. 
Thomas, 49. 
Bett, Horatio, 168. 
''Betty's Chance," 71. 
Beye, Nathan, 46. 

Bickerdike, Richard, 330, 331, 335, 
336, 337, 339, 341-346, 348, 350. 
Bier, Philip, 258. 
Binnion, John, Jr., 53. 
Birckhead, Lenox, 129. 
Bird, Benjamin, 186. 

James, 257. 

Thomas, 49, 185. 
Birkhead, Colonel Christopher, 156. 
Bishop, Elim, 170. 
Joeeph, 194. 

Bishop, Smith, 247. 

T., 245. 

William, 194. 
Bisset, James, 236. 
Black, Alexander, 50. 
Blackburn, Edward, 53. 

Jeremiah, 53. 
Blackwood, James, 58. 

William, 58. 
Blade, Samuel, 186. 
Bladen, Mrs. Anne, 349. 

Joseph, 59. 

William, 59. 
Bladenshurg, Battle of, 416. 
Blades, James, 186, 192. 

John, 186, 192. 
Blair, Samuel, 261. 
Bfcike, Charles, 14. 

John, 193. 

Levin, 172, 245. 

Peter, 193. 

Robert, 168. 
Bland, Thomas, 325. 
Blashford, iVIanuel, 50. 
Blazing Star Ferry, 138. 
Bleak Creek, 368. 
Bleddyn, Prinoe of Wale», 70. 
Blterd, John, 194. 

Richard, 187. 
William, 62. 
Blundell, Charles (servant), 41. 
Blunt Point Creek, 67. 
Boarer, Peter, 258. 
Boarman, Henry, 316. 
Boate, William, 64. 
Boggs, P. Henry, elected, 210 
Bphannon, Nathaniel, 51. 
Bohn, Jacob, 22. 
Bohn's Globe Hotel, 22. 
Boing, Littleton, 187. 
Bokel, John, 88. 
Bolding, Thomas, 49. 
Bolen, James, 188. 
Holland, William, 193. 
Boiling, John W., 129. 
Bolton, John, 168. 



Bomberger, H. S., 321. 
Bond, Francis, 51. 
James, 47. 
Capt John, 182. 
John, of Thos., 273, 274. 
Peregrine, 182. 
Samuel, 46. 
William, 183. 
Capt. Zacariah, 183. 
Bonn ell, Greorge, 171. 
Bonvie, John, 170. 
Boogher, George, 258. 

John, 259. 
Booker, John, 183. 
Boone, Daniel, 352. 
Booth, Anthony, 191. 
James, 191. 
John Wilkee, 208. 
Robert, 259. 
William, 185. 
Boothe, William, 52. 
Booty, Simson, 186. 
Bordley, James, 169. 

John Beale, 169. 
ThomJLS, 325-339, 349, 350. 
William, 164. 
Dr. Wm., 168. 
Boreman, Richard, 268. 
Boston Port Bill, 153. 
Botfield, Ahednego, 193. 
Mesheck, 193. 
Shadrach^ 191. 
Zadock, 193. 
Boucher, 'Rev. Jonathan, 162. 
Boudinot, Elias, 78. 
Boulden, Kichard, 49. 
Bounds, James Jones, 189. 
Jehu, 186. 
Jonathan, 189. 
Richard S., 185. 
Bourgeoise, Mrs. Anita Oalvert, 

elected, 87. 
Bourke, Thomas, 170. 
Bourman, Graves, 185. 
Bowden, John, 187. 

Thoittw, 187. 

B<wdle, Loftis, 193. 
Bowen, Fielder, 252. 

Jethro, 172. 

John, 195. 

Rev. L. P., 418. 

Richard, 50. 

William, 49. 
Bowers, James W., 211. 
Bowes, Joseph, resigned, 210 
Bowie, Fielder, 305. 

John, 245. 

Dr. John, 305. 

Robert, 305. 

Capt. W%., Jr., 310. 
Bowing, Whitenton, 195, 

William, 194. 
Boyd, William, 48. 
Boyde, Robert, 58. 
Boy den, George, A., elected, 210. 
Boyer, Peter, 46. 
Boyle, Robert, 260. 

Silvester, 52. 

Capt. Thomas, 76. 
Bonnao, George, 184. 
John, 193. 
Rizdon, 148. 
Col. Thomas, 233. 
Bracco, John, 170. 
Braddock, Genl. Edward, 148. 
Bradley, Richard, 264. 
Bradsbaw, Mrs. C, 22. 
Brady, Rev. FraiMjls X., deceased, 

Brainthwaite, William, 62. 
Braithwaite, William, 258. 
Brandenburgh, Frederick, 257. 
Brashears, Benjamin, 57. 

Dowel, 57. 

John, of John, 57. 

Thomas, 57. 

William, of Ben, 57. 

William, Jr., 259. 
Brasinton, Robert, 268. 
Brassoop, John, 191. 
Bratten, James, 187. 

John, of Wm., 187. 


Bratten, Joshua, 187, 

Nathaniel, 187. 

Samuel, 187. 

Wilson, 187. 
Brauner, Joseph, 260. 
Bravard, John, Jr., 49, 
Bray, John, 57. 

Dr. Thomas, 271. 
Bread, James, 46. 
Breekenridge, Rev. Rob^t J., 32. 
Breedon, Mark, 53. 
Brent, Daniel Carroll, 254. 
Elinor, 254. 

Giles, 202, 254, 270, 373. 
Margaret, 70, 373. 
Robert J., 34. 
William, 254. 
Breton (Brittanie), Bay (Brittoa), 

265, 267, 369, 370, 371. 
Breton, William, 368. 
Brevard, Adam, 195. 
Brewerton, Smith, 185. 
Brewstrum, Hance, 186. 
Brian, Arthur, 169. 
Briee, Gov. James, 273. 
John, 358. 
Nicholas, 33. 
Bridges, Richard, 192, 
Erierwood, John, 192. 
Brightwell, John, Jr., 58. 

Richard, Jr., 59. 
Briley, John, 192. 
Brimfield, Edward, 46. 
Brisooe, Capt. James, 182. 
J. W., 121. 
Samuel, 182. 
Bristow, George, 47. 

William, Jr., 47. 
British property, confiscated, 357. 
Brittingham, Isaac, 187. 

John, 186. 
Nathaniel, 187. 
Poynter, 187. 
Samuel, 186. 
Thomas, 194, 
William, 187. 

Broad Creek, 62, 63. 
Broad Neck Parish, 325. 
Broadway, Ambrose, 191. 

Samuel, 191. 
Broadbeck, Matthias, 261. 
Brook, Frances, 201. 

Richard, 265. 
Brookes, Benjamin, 57. 
Francis, 67. 
Henry, 57. 
Brooks, John, 169. 

Philip, 168. 
Brothers, Henry, 259. 
Broughe, William, 265. 
Brown, Andrew, 184. 

Edward, 3, 56. 
Bbown, Edwin H., Jb., First Free 
School in Queen Anne's County, 1. 
Brown, G. A., 252. 

George, 256. 

James, 181. 

Capt. James, 55. 

John, 3, 47, 52, 169. 

John (Ossawottamie), 276. 

Capt. John, 55, 

John, Jr., 305. 

Joseph, 169. 

Kirk, 204. 

Nicholas, 189. 

Peter, 48. 

Rachel, obituary, 29. 
Samuel, 48. 
Sidney, 185. 
Stewart, 128. 
Thomas, 258. 
Thompson A., 322. 
William, 46, 58, 325. 
Browne, John, 57. 

Morgan, 168. 
William, 199, 371. 
William Hand, 319. 
Brownen, Jonathan, 56. 
Brownin, William, 56. 
Bruerton, John, 185. 

Samuel, 185. 
Bruff, Joseph, 170. 



Bruff, Richard, 189. 
Thomas, 171. 
William, 169. 
Brumell, Ahram, 191. 

Robert, 192. 
Brumly, Littleton, 187. 
Bruner, John, 258. 
Brunner, Elias, of Peter, 259. 

John, of Henry, 257. 
Stephen, 256. 
Brush, Col. Charles W., 123. 
Bryan, Arthur, 255. 
Hugh, 52. 

J. Wallace, elected, 211. 

James O., 169. 
Btieey, Charles, 51. 

Paul, 52. 
Buchanan, George, of Andrew, 85. 
James, 84. 

James, of Wm., 133. 

James M., 25. 

Jas. M., deceased, 422. 

John, 58. 

Robert, 168. 

William, m-entioned, 79; 
nolle prosequi, 85. 
Buchannan, James, 12. 
Buckler, Leslie, 129. 
Bullen, Aaron, 191. 
Bulley, Mathew, 47. 
BxiTgeiaB, Stesphen, 191. 

William, SI. 
Burk, James, 259. 
Burn, Darius, 191. 
Burnap, George Washii^toB, 418. 
Burnett, James, 186. 
Burns, James, 48. 

John, 48, 260. 
Burrall, Charles, 413. 
Burros, Charles, 57. 
Burroughs, John, 182. 
Burrowes, Matthew, 199. 
Burton, Joshua, 187. 
Busey, Edward, 56. 

Jo^ma, 56. 

Bushell, Peter, 49. 

Thomas, 266, 267, 367-300. 
"Bushell's Rest," 368. 
Busick, James, 409. 
Butler, Genl. B. F., occupiee Balti- 
more, 127. 
Rev. Edward> 365-388, 330, 

Ezekiel, 184. 
Capt. John, 66. 
Thomas, 63, 146. 
Thomas, Jr., 184. 
Butler's Creek, 63, 67. 
Butler's Marsh, 200. 
Butt, Nicholas, 57. i 
Richard, 57. 
Thomas, 57. 
Byrne, Joseph, 277. 
Byser, Baniel, 260. 
Byus, Stanley, 171. 
Cadwallader, G«nl. John, 167, 168. 
Gage, Wilson, 58. 
Oahill, E. P., 322. 

Timothy, 257. 
Caide, Robert, 191. 
Calhoun, James, to Gov. Howard, 81. 
Calk, James, 192. 
John, 50. 
Peter, 193. 
Callardy, Matthew, 188. 
Callaway, Ebenezer, 188. 
Isaac, 189. 
John, Jr., 188. 
John, Sr., 188. 
John, of Peter, 188. 
Samuel, 188. 
William, Sr., 18i. 
Callister, Anthony, 228. 

Elizabeth Emerson, 230. 
Evan, 228. 
Henry, 216, et seq. 
Hugh, 228. 
Margaret, 230. 
Rohin, 228. 

Sarah (Trippo), 177, 229, 

OaJlwell, Jolm, 46. 

William, 47. 
Oalsh, Edward, 191. 
^lv€rt (sMp), 208. 
Calvert, C, E., elected, 423. 
Calvert, Leanard, 68, 195, 262, 264, 

Calvert County Militia 1748, 51, 52. 
Calwell, Ja-mes S., elected, 210. 

Samuel, 46. 
Camden (ship), 208. 
Camden, Charles Pratt, 1st earl, 

Camell, Solomon, 194. 
Cameron, Evander, 186. 

Simon, 408. 
Cammel, Nicholas, 256. 
Campbell, Alexander, 57. 

Archibald, 84, 85. 

J. Mason, 34. 

John, 195. 

John, Jr., 47. 
Campble, Archibald, 46. 

James, 46. 

Joshua, 47. 

Peter, 48. 
Camper, Abraham, 191. 
Richard, 192. 
Thonms, 192. 
"Canterbury," 73. 
Canton Bridge burned, 125. 
Caradoc Vraich Vrais, 70. 
Card, William, 53. 
Care, David, 48. 

John, 48. 
Carey, John L., 29. 
(>a-lile, John, 48. 

Robert, 48. 
Ca/rlyle family, by R. H. Spacer 

"Carlyle House," 148. 

Carmichael, Richard Bexmet, 14, 15, 

169, 179. 
Carmichall, Neall, 46. 
Carnan, John, 172. 
Carnei, Richard, 311. 


Carpenter, John, 344, 345, 346. 
Carroll, Charles, Sr., 160. 

Chas., of CarrolltaB, 248, 

Daniel, to Gov. Jno. E. 

Howard, 37. 
Harry D. G., 123. 
John, 260. 

John, Aph. wax bu4it pre- 
sented, 87. 

Nicholas, 251. 
Carroll Hall, 118, 127. 
Carslake, Edward, 193. 
Carslick, Thomas, 190. 
Carson, Richard, 85. 
Carter, Aaron, 188. 

Daniel, 188. 

Henry, 334. 

James, 48. 

Moses, 188. 
Cartney, William, 257. 
Cartwright, John, 182. 
Gary, Jer^niah, 186. 
John B., 128. 
Patrick, 261. 
Solomon, 186. 
Case, Thomas, 56. 
Cash, John, 56. 
easier. Christian, 260. 
Catch, William, 50. 
Cator, Greorge, elected, 422. 
Catrop, John, 191. 
Gatrup, Wm. March, 170. 
Catterale, Thomas, 56. 
Caughthran, William, 48. 
Cauthcr's Greek, 264. 
Cawdry, Jacob, 189. 
Cecil County Militia, 174^, 45. 
Cedar Branch, 62. 
Cedar Point, 371, 373. 
Ceicill, John, 57. 
Oetch, James, 47. 
Chaddock, John, 52. 
Chaille family, 252. 
Chaille, Andre, 253. 



Chaille, Jacobus, 253. 

Margaret CJomfort, 254. 
Marie (Chevalier), 253. 
Moses, 172, 247, 253. 
Peter, 172, 245, 247, 248, 

Dr. Pierre, 253. 
CiiAiLLE-LoNG, Col. Ciiables, Asso- 
ciations and Aasociators in the 
American Revolution, 241. 
Chaille-Long, Col. Charles, men- 
tioned, 254. 
Chair, John, 269. 
Chalmers, George, sketch, 102. 
Chalmondley, John, 58. 
Chamberlaine, Henrietta Maria, 
(Lloyd), 152. 
James Lloyd, men- 
tioned, 153, 156, 
158, 170; sketch, 
Samuel, 152. 
Chaml)erlin, Jonas, 261. 
Chambers, Benjamin, 164, 168, 176, 
John, 51, 52, 
Robert, 189. 
William, 51. 
Champins, James, 259. 
Chandler, Richard, 50. 

Samuel, 177. 
Chaney, Zachariah, 57. 
Chaplin, James, 193. 
Chapman, John, 190. 

John G,, 30. 
Joshua, 186. 
William, 56. 
Char in ton, Thomas, 69, 70. 
Charity Working School, 23 L 
Charles County Militia, 1748, 54. 
Charles Creek, 71. 
Chase, Jeremiah Townley, 274. 

Samuel, 152, 155, 158, 250. 
Samuel, to Gov, T. S. Lee, 

Chase, Samuel, to Grand Jury of 

Balto. Co., 134. 
Cheney, A. 171. 

Richard, 55. 
Chesapeake Bay, 16, 
Chesl€y, John, Jr., 252, 

Capt. Robert, 183. 
Chester River,, 146, 215. 
Chestertown, 164. 
Chevalier, Marie, 253. 
Chew, Bennett, 255. 

Elizabeth, 254, 255. 
Henrietta Maria, 255. 
Lowman, 255. 
Samuel, 254. 
Samuel A., 255. 
Samuel Lloyd, 254. 
Chick, John, 50. 

Joseph, 49. 
William, 49. 
Ciiilds, Benjamin, 46, 
George, 47. 
John, 47. 
Nathaniel, 47. 
Chilton, Charles, 252, 

Capt. Stephen, 182. 
Chipman, John S., 30. 
Christefar, Clement, 185. 
Christiana Riot and the treason 
Trials of 1851 by W. U, H^itel, 

Christopher, John, 50. 
Chunn, Capt. Samuel, 54, 
Church Union, 272. 
Circulating teachers, 271. 
City Hotel, 22. 

Claiborne, Capt. William, 60, et seq. 
Clare, John, Jr., 53. 
Clark, Arthur H. 206. 

Edward, 48, 49, 187. 

Lt. Col. George, 182, 

J. Lyle, 119. 

John, 46, 47, 

Capt. John Attoway, 183, 
Rader, 187. 
Richard, 257, 


Clark, Samuel, 57. 
Clarke, Greorge, 55. 
James, 85. 

Robert, 367, 368, 369, 370. 
Clary, Daniel, 56. 
Clay land, James, 169. 
Claypoole, James, 168. 
Clayton, John Wilken«>n, 11, 15. 
Solomon, 169, 180. 
T. W., 169. 
Claywell, Peter, 187. 

Solomon, 187. 
WilUam, 194. 
Cleave, Nathaniel, 181. 
Clem, George, 257. 
Clemm, Maria, 44. 

William, 44. 
Clift, Joseph, 47. 
Clifts, Lower Hundred, 53. 
Clifts, Upper Hundred, 52. 
Clipper (paper), 28, 30. 
Clipper ship Era, by A, H. Clark, 

Close, James, 119. 

Cloughton, James, 65, 

Clowes, Rev. T., 176. 

Clubege, Gavan, 48. 

Cobreth, John, 52. 

Cochrane, Sir Alexander, 16, 19. 

Coek&yne, Samuel, 193. 

William, 190. 
Cockburn, Sir George, 16. 
Cockey, Col. Edward, 140. 
Cockeysville, 126. 
Codner, Alexander, 191. 

Jeremiah, 191. 
Coe, Daniel, 187. 
Cohen, Edward, 119, 121. 

Jacob I., 128. 

Mendes, 86, 87, 88, 210, 211, 

Coke, Sir Edward, 301. 
Cole, Benjamin, 261. 
David, 47. 

Genl. J. M., 277, 278. 
John, 270. 

Lieut. John, 183. 
Richard, 269, 270. 
William, 47, 190. 
Colebatch, Rev. Joseph, 331. 
Colings, Abel, 187. 

Thomas, 187. 
Collier, Douty, 185. 
Evans, 185. 
G«orge, 185. 
Kendel, 194. 
Robert, Jr., 185. 
Ceilings, Ebenezer, 195. 
James, 59. 
John, 181. 
Willi«,m, 194. 
Ooilins, James, 194. 

Thomas, 185, 195. 
Timothy, 185. 
William, 193. 
CoUiflon, Edward, 192. 

Prissilla, 74. 
William, 74, 192. 
Collner, Benjamin, 46. 
Colonial Militia, 1740, 1748, 44, 

Colpflash, John, 260. 
Cokton, Frederick, M., mentioned, 
121, 129. 

Elected, 211. 

Capt. William, 409. 

William B., 129. 
Comegys, Nathaniel, 169. 
Comins, Edward, 64. 
Commins, Nicholas, 192. 

ThoHMbS, 192. 
William, 191. 
Compton, Henry, Bp. of London, 326, 

Conception Manor, 198. 
Condell, William, 56. 
Condon, David, 257. 

Edward, 48. 
Coney, Rev. Peregrine, 325. 
Confiscated. British property, 357. 
Congressional districts, 1791, 273. 
OoftBaway, Beomi, Iftl. 



Conner, James, 58. 

Levin, 188. 
Connor, Nathaniel, 190. 
Connoway, James, 259. 
Conrad, Aaron, 75. 

Arab Ann (Pritchett), 75. 
Consideration on the pbopbiety of 


CoiX)NiB8, by Daniel Dulany, 374. 
Constable, Robert, 168. 
Contee, Jane, 161. 
John, 160. 

Thomas, 159, 305, 306, 308, 
310, 311, 316, 317. 
Convention of 1774, 154, 
Conway, Henry Seymour, 286, 287. 
Capt. Richard H., 119. 
William, 184. 
Cook, Gye, 184. 

Thomas, 192, 342, 349, 3«0, 

William, Sr., 50, 
Cooke, Edward, 57. 

George, 57. 

George, Jr., 57. 

John, 57, 61. 
Cooly, John, 193. 
Cooper, Adam, 259. 

Benjamin, 192. 

Banny, 420. 

Rev. J. G., 176. 

John, 420. 

John, Jr., 50. 

Robert, 65. 

Samuel, 184. 

Thoma«, 192. 

William, 190, 193. 
Cooprighter, Elias, 259. 
Copley, Thomas, 202, 262, 269. 
Coppin, John, 51. 
Corbin, George, 172. 
Corbitt, Hutton, 69. 
Oord, Joseph, 187. 
Cornall, Christopher, 370. 
Corner, Adam, 192. 
CorBMh, Noah, 193. 

Cornwaleys, Thomas, 68, 198, 199. 
Cornwale/s Cross Manor, 199. 
Corse, Barney, 168. 
Cmey, Edward, 169. 
Robert, 184. 
William, 192. 
Corsica Creek, 146. 
Corsine, John, 48. 
Corwin, Thomas, 31. 
Cosden, Alphonso, 47. 
Cosgrave, James, 5. 
Cosgrove, Matthias, 259. 
Cossin, Nicholas, 70. 
Costen, Ahab, 189. 
Costm, Ezekiel, 188. 
Mathias, 188. 
Stephen, 188. 
Coston, Anne Mitchell, 264. 
Cottalls, Walter, 64. 
Cottman, Benjamin, 189. 

William, 189. 
Coughktn, Michael, 25®, 
Coulboiiiirn, Benjamin, 184. 
Elija, 184. 
Isaac, 184. 
Samuel, 184. 
Coulter, James, 46. 

John, 252. 
Mifflin, 129. 
Coursey, Anne, 146. 

Henry, 146. 
Juliana, 146. 
William, 146, 181. 
Courte, John, 200. 
Courts, John, 369. 
Coventon, Isaac, 194. 
Covington, Nehemiah, 189. 
Cowadon, John, 50. 
Cowley, John, 192. 
Cowman, Thomas, 52. 
Cox, Abraham, 59. 
Henry, 47, 50. 
Rev. James, 14. 
Jennings S., 129. 
John, 52, 57, 173. 
Jc^n Charles, 76. 


Cox, Nicholas, 170. 
Powell, 193. 
Thomas, 47. 
William, 67. 
Cox's Bay, 63, 67, 200. 
Cox's Neck, 67. 
Ooxill, John, 50. 
Ooxk, Daniel, 188. 
Hill, 188. 
John, 188. 
Thomas, 188. 
Coyle, Edward, 334. 
Cozine, George, 50. 
Cradoek, Bryan, 51. 
Craige, William, 49. 
Cramer, Greorge, 257. 

Peter, 257. 
Cramphin, Thomas, 252. 
Craney Point, 366. 
Cbanor, Henry Dowioss, The Prit- 
ohett family, 70. 

Sarah Ann (Priffccfeett), 75. 
Cranor, Solomon Bownes, 75. 
Crapper, Edmond, 194. 

NathaJiiel, 195, 
Solomon, 194. 
Vinoenfc, 195. 
Crauford, Benjamin, 52. 
Geilder, 52. 
James, 51. 
Nathaniel, 52, 
William, 52. 
Craufurd, David, 305, 306. 
Crawford, Samuel, 46. 

William, 40. 
Crawley, Henry, 62. 
Cray, Kichard, 255. 
Crayford, 63. 
Crayford Manor, 65. 
Creager, Adam, 258. 
Creaston, William, 45. 
Creevy, Hans, 133. 
Cremeen, Moses, 188. 
Crennay, James, 46. 
Crisp, Thomas, 47. 
Criit, Michael, 257. 

Croker, Eobert, 51. 
Crompton, Riehapd, 301. 
Crook, Francis A. 

James, 338, 342, 344, 845, 

347, 348, 350. 
John, Jr., 58. 
Crookshank, Charles, 170. 
CrosB, Benjamin, 57. 

Leonard, 53. 
CroBsbey, Josias, 52. 
Crosswell, David, 47. 

Joseph, 46. 
Samuel, 46. 
Crothers, Dr. T. D., 208. 
Crouch, Isaac, 184; 

Jjtcob, 185. 
John, 188, 189. 
Nicholas, 184. 
Thomas, 48, 189. 
Crow, Lieut, James, 55. 

William, 49. 
Cruikshank, Bobert, 168. 
Cuffing, William, 187. 
Culimber, Thomas, 53. 
Cullen, David, 190. 

John, Jr., 190. 
William, 190. 
Cullimber, Henay, 53. 

Jolm, 53. 
CiilMn, Isaac, 194. 

Jacob, 184. ' 
Calling, Edward, 193. 

William, 194. 
Culpeper, John, 53. 
Culver, Francis B., Genl. Sulli- 
van's Descent upon the British 
on Staten Island, 138. 
Culver, Francis' B., mentioned, 352. 
Cummins, Rev. George D., 32. 
Cunliffe, Sir Ellis, 233. 

Foster, 232. 
Cunliffe, Foster & Sons, 215. 
Cunningham, Jonathan, 259. ) 
Currer, William, 47. * 
Currey, John, 59. 
Curriculum in Maryland 1730, 12. 




Currier, John, 46. 
Gushing & Brother, 28. 
Custro, James, 50. 
Daffin, Charles, 172. 

Joseph, 170. 
Dalany, Daniel, 185. 
Baley, Thomas, 259. 
Ball, James, 85. 
Dalton, John, 256. 
Dames, John, 169. 
Daniel, William, 48, 
Danniel, William, 46. 
Dare, Lieut. Cleaverly, 53. 

Samuel, 53. 
Darnall, Henry, 225. 
B&Ttmoutli, William Iiegge, 2d. eowrl, 

286, 289. 
Dftshiell, Clement, 189. 

George, 171, 177, 185. 

Henry, 185. 

Isaac, 189. 

James, 185. 

Jease, 185. 

John, 171. 

Joseph, 172, 245, 247. 

Luther, 189. 

Mitchell, 185. 

Thomas, 185, 189. 

William, 171, 186. 

Winder, 186. 
Damge, John, 45. 
David, Capt. John, 314. 
David's Well, 196. 
Davidson, John, 358. 
Davies, Robert, 59. 
Davis, Cftpt. Allen, 54. 

Charles, 186, 187. 
David, 3, 15. 
James, 186. 

John, 52, 55, 184, 185, 191, 

John, Jr., 59, 
Levin, 172. 
I Nicholas, Jr., 59. 

Kichtard, 47. 
Samuel, 47, im, 200. 

Davis, Thomas, 5, 15, 45. 

William, 50, 56, 59, 189. 
Davis-Scarf, John, 52. 
Dawson, George, 192. 

Nathaniel, 48. 
Nicholas, 257. 
Ralph, of Robt., 192. 
Robert, 169. 
Turpy, 192. 
William, 193. 
"DaAVson's Hazards,*^ 74. 
Day, Edward, 58. 
Henry, 53. 
John, 169, 256. 
Leonard, 58. 
Mathew, 59. 
' Richard, 53. 
Thomas, 53. 
Deakin, William, Jr., 252. 
Deal, John, 194. 

Samuel, 195. 
Deale, Samuel, 52. 
Deal!, Archibald, 194. 
Dean, John, 186 

John, Jr., 186. 
Lieut. Uriah, 409. 
Deane, Ann, 168. 
Death, Edward, 47. 
James, 47. 
John, 47. 
Randell, 47. 
De Borre, Gen'l Prud'homme, 138. 
Decker's Ferry, 139. 
Declaration of Independence, 160. 
Be Cordova, Gabriel J., 
Deep Creek, 264, 266. 
De«ry, Elizabeth (Chew), 256. 

William, 255. 
BelaJmy, Henry, 193. 

William, 193. 
Bekinder, Bavid, 259. 
Bei»ar, Thomas, 200. 
Bemstee, Mr., 308. 
Betinis, Baniel, 184. 
Henry, 172. 
J., 245. 


Dennis, Lazarus, 184. 

Littleton P., 321. 
Robert, 172, 245. 
Samuel K., 423. 
Valentine, 184. 
Denny, James, 193. 

Peter, 193. 
Dent, Greorge, 54. 
Denton, George, 53. 

Thomas, 53. 
Denwood, John, 171. 
Dern, William, 256. 
Descendants of Edward Small, by L. 

A. W. Underbill, 204. 
Devall, Wiliam, 46. 
Devilbess, Adam, 258. 

George, of Casper^ 258. 
John, 258. 
Dew, John, 52. 

DeWitt, Louis B,, 119, 123, 124. 
Dexter, F. B., 321. 
Diary of Gideon Welles, 415. 
Dickenson, Daniel, 193. 

H^nry, 193. 
John, 170. 
Dickerson, Nehemiab, 186. 

Teago, 186. 
Dickinson, Capt. Charles, 55. 

James, 148, 151, 153. 
John, 150. 
Mary, 156. 
Dickson, Anthony, 46. 

Benjamin, 46. 
Morris, 57. 
Robert, 47. 
Dielman, L. H., 423. 
Digges, George, 252. 
Dingell, William, 192. 
Di^hroon, John, 189. 

Michael, 185, 189. 
William, 189. 
Dix, W. W., 22. 
Dix & Fogg, 22. 
Dixon, Ambrose, 184. 
Benjamin, 53. 
Ellis, 53. 

Dixon, Gar rot, 53. 

Dr. Harrison, 409. 

Hugh, 53. 

Isaac, 184. 

Joshua, 53. 

Richard, 266. 

Kisdon, 184. 

Thomas, 183. 

Thomas, of Wm., 184. 

William, 47. 
Dixon's Hollow, 262. 
Dobbin, Murphy & Bose, 29. 
Dobson, George, 191. 
John, 190. 
Jonathan, 191. 
Docwray, Thomas, 326, 330. 
Dodd, John, 341, 344, 350. 
Doe, Thomas, 268. 
Doffler, Peter, 259. 
Doherty, John, 10, 15. 
Bolain, Richard, 191. 
Donaho, William, 184. 

Dormon, 188. 
"Donbar,'' 72. 

Done, John, 171, 245, 247, 252, 253. 

Robert, 172, 245, 247, 253. 
Dorchester County Militia 1748, 54. 
Doring, Charles, 51. 

James, 51. 
Dorman, Ezekiah, 185. 

John, 189. 

Samuel, 186. 
Dorrell, Nicholas, 51. 
Dorrumple, William, 53. 
Borsett, Henry, 57. 
Dorsey, Caleb, 326, 333, 335, 336, 

Josias, 260. 

Owen, 413. 

Priscilla Ridgely, 355. 

William, 260. 
Dossey, John, 183. 
Daub, George, 258. 
Dougherty, James, 193. 
Doulson, Jacobus, 47, 
Dowden, John, 56. 



Dowden, Michael, 56. 

Thomas, 56. 
Dowell, Harrison, 52. 

Luke, 52. 
Bownes, Charles, 3. 

Edward, 3, 11, 14, 15, 160. 

M., 172. 

Vachel, 169. 
Doyn, laeut. Isaac, 183. 
Draper, Peter, 264. 

Solomon, 190. 
Drapier, John, 259. 
Driscol, Matthew, servant, 41. 
Driver, Matthew, 172, 252. 
Drum Point Fort, 307. 
Duherly, John, 186. 

Thomas, 186. 
Duekett, John, 58, 154. 
Dudly, Thomas, Jr., 191. 
Duer, Dougkts H., resigned, 87. 
Dueyr, Daniel, 52. 
Dilgan, Cumberland, 133. 
Duke, George, 186. 
Dukes, Robert, 184. 
Dui<ANT, Daniel, Considerfltione cm 
the propriety of imposing taxes 
in 'the British Colonies, 374. 
Durlany, Daniel (the youngs), 149, 
162, 176, 305. 

Lloyd, 162. 
DuMng, Francis, 191. 

George, 191. 
Joseph, 191. 
Dun, John, 51. 

Nicholas, 186. 
Thomas, 186. 
Ihiiiahoe, Mathew, 50. 
Duncan, Rev. John M., 33. 
Dunoon, Matthew, 186. 
Dunmore, John Murray, 4th. earl, 

Dunn, James, 169. 

Robert, 169. 

William, 168. 
Durkins, William, 187. 
Duval, John, 245. 

Duvapll, Mareen, of Ben, 57. 
Marine, 57. 
Quiller, 56. 
William, 57. 
Dyas, John, Jr., 191. 
Dyer, James, 258. 
Eaoklin, James, 58. 
John, 58. 
William, 58. 
Earle, James, 14, 15, 169. 

Lieut. James, Jr., 180. 
Joseph, 14. 
Michael, 172. 
Eichard, 15. 
Richard T., 15, 169. 
Samuel, Sr., 2. 
Samuel T., resigned, 88. 
Easson, William, 186. 
Easton, Md., 213, 214. 
Fiastwood, Benjamin, 53. 
Ebenborough, 72. 
Ebet, John, 193. 
Ebthorp, Thomas, 49. 
Eiccleston, Rev. J. H., deceased, 211. 
Capt. John, 55. 
Rev. Samuel, Bp, 31. 
Echo of April 19, 1861, 407. 
Eddis, William, 370, 371. 
Eddy, James, 258 
Edelen, Christopher, 39. 
Eden, Sir Robert, 152, 158, 246. 
"Edinborough,'^ 71, 72. 
Edmonds, Francis, 51. 
Edmondsmi, John, 156. 

Margaret (Pollard), 

Mary (Dickinson), 156. 
Peter, 252. 
Pollard, sketch, 156. 
Pollard, men-tioiied, 158, 

Edmundson, Robert, 48. 
Edrin, Bartholomew, 47. 
Education of Negroes, 271. 
Education in Maryland 1724-1791, 

Edward, Janwe, 85. 


Ed^wirda, Benjamin, 252. 

Cadwalader, 326, 327, 3iO, 

Isaac, 197. 
John, 55. 
Samuel, 260. 
Thomae, 46 
Edwin, William, 372. 
Eggleton, Oapt. Jonathan, to Gov- 
ernor Bradford, 407. 
Elberry, Frederick, 50. 
Elder, Alosins, 261. 
Arnold, 259. 
Francis, 258, 
Ignatius, 257. 
Thomas, 56, 261. 
Eliason, Cornelias, Jr., 49. 

Elias, 50. 
Eliot, Samuel A., 418. 
Elizabeth (ship), 208. 
Elkridge (ship), 208. 
Elkton, 19. 

Ellensworth, William, 185. 
Ellet, John, 52. 
Elliott, Lieut. William, 180. 
Ellis, Joseph, 184. 
Owen, 59. 

William, 45, 185, 1^ 
Ellitt, John, 52. 
EUott, Benjamin, 261. 
Elston, Ralph, 5, 193. 
Ellt, Benjamin, 53. 
Elton Head Hundred, 53. 
Elwood, Philip, 50. 

Richard, 49. 
Richard, Sr., 50. 
Embleton, William, 168. 
Emory, Arthur, 14, 15. 

Arthur, Sr., 169. 

C^harl^, 3. 

John, 3. 

Richard, 169, 

Thomas, of Arthur, 169. 
Engles, Peter, 256. 
English, James, 189. 

Enmlls, Elizabeth, 154. 

Gapt. Henry, 55. 
Eimells, Bartholomew, 171. 

Bartholomew, Jr., 171. 
Elizabeth, 171. 
Henry, 170. 
Thomias, 171. 
William, 170. 
Enouchson, Enoch, 46. 
Erving, Langdon, 119, 120, 123. 
Easex, Isaac, 52. 

John, 52. 
Ethrington, Thomas, 47. 
Etting, Reuben, 274. 
Eubanks, Joseph, 190. 

Moulton, 191. 
Eutaw House, 22. 
Evans, Lieut. Ebenezer, 195. 
Jeremiah, 273, 274. 
John, 53, 57, 187, 194. 
John, Jr., 185. 
John, of Nicholson, 171. 
Joseph, 57. 
Joshua, 187. 
Nicholas, 189. 

Richard, 346, 347, 348, 350. 
Robert, 48. 
Samuel, 252. 
Solomon, 187. 

Walter, 56. 

Lieut. William, 372. 
"Evening Gazette," 
Evens, Elias, 195. T 

Eliaha, 195. 

Gamage, 194. 

Oapt. John, 194. 
Everest, Gideon, 52. 
Everett, St. Leger, 168. 
Everit, Richard, 53. 
Everly, Nicholas, 261. 
Everson, Elias, 48. 
Everton, Evert, Jr., 45. I 

Jacob, 45. 
Evertson, Evert, 51. r 
Evins, William, 53, 



Ewing, Joshua, 47. 

Nathaniel, 46, 
Robert, 171. 
William, 46. 
Exchange Hotel, 22. 
Palls, Moor, 85. 
Pane, John, 51. 
Pannell, John, 261. 
Panny & Jenny (ship), 77 
Pargitson, James, 59. 
Parley, Hance, 256. 

Joseph Pearson, 417. 
Parraday, James, 3. 

John, 3. 
Far r ell, James, 191. 

John, 191. 
Farrenion, Levin, 186, 
Robert, 186. 
Farrowfield, Jonas, 190. 
Parsette, Daniel, 245. 
Passit, John, 194. 
Patom, John, 188. 
Paulkner, Abraham, 190. 

Burton Prancie, 190. 

Isaac, 190. 

Jacob, 190. 

Joseph, 190. 
Pearley, William, 260. 
Peaw, Abraham, 256. 
Federal Hill, 127, 
Federal Republican^ 411. 
Peddy, Raaidall, 194. 
Pee, William, 56. 
Pew, Abraham, 252. 
Fenwick (Fennick), Cuthbert, 68, 
199, 202, 368. 

Ignatius, 316. 
Ferguson, Rev. Colin, 176, 177. 

Gteorge, 71, 72 
Pern, Miles, 191. 
Ferrel, John, 46, 
FerreU, Thomas, 258. 
Perrence, Henry, 261. 
Perril, Edmond, 193. 
Fields, Bartholomew, 59. 
Fifth Presbyterian Church, 33. 

Fifty-Third Regiment M. M., 118. 
Pinley, James, 46. 

John, 352. 
Pinny, Vincent, 193. 

William, 193. 
First English Lutheran Church, 33. 
FiBST Free School in Queen 
Anne's County, by Edwin H. 
Brown, Jr., 1. 
First German Reformed Church, 33. 
First Presbyterian Church, 32. 
Pish, Carl Russell, 419. 
Pishburn, Philip, Jr., 259. 
Fisher, Adam, 259. 

Harry, 129. 

Henry, 72, 194, 256, 

John, 169. 

Mary (Pritcbett), 72. 
William A., 129. 
Fitter, William, 199. 
Fitzgerald, John, 177. 
Pitzbugb, William, 305, 306, 308, 

310, 316, 
Fltzpatrick, David, 189. 

T. J., 319. 
William, 190. 
Fleck, Lucas, 256, 
Fleet, Capt, Henry, 68. 

James, 52. 
Fleetwood, (ship), 208. 
Fleming, William, 188. 
Flemming, J«,me8, 260. 

John, 261, 
Samuel, Jr., 256. 
Thomas, 258. 
Fletcher, Samuel, 261. 

Thomas, 59, 
Ploid, William, 186. 
Foard, James, 56. 

Joseph R., deceased, ^2. 
Fogg, Arthur L., 22. 
Follin, Capt, David, 409. 
Poord, Richard, 49, 
Foote, Colin A., 119. 
Forbes, Mr., 310. 

John, 316. 


Ford, Charles, 50. 
H. P., 76. 
James, 50. 
John, 49. 
Mary, 201. 
Robert, 269. 
Foreman, John, 170. 

T. M., 255. 
Forman, Joseph, 168, 173. 

Thomas Marsh, 169. 
Forney, Peter, 133. 
Forrest, Uriah, 247. 
Forth, Timothy, 191. 
Fortune (ship), 320. 
Fosque, Luke, 185. 
Foster, Isaac, 48. 

James, 50. 
Moses, 266. 
Richard, 46, 49, 67. 
Thomas, 49. 
Foulsom, Nathaniel, 56. 
Foundation scholars, 3, 
Foiint LeEoy, Griffin, 169. 
Fountain, Marcy, 183. 
Fountain Hotel, 22. 
Fowey (ehip), 24&. 
Fowler, Abraham, 51. 
Benoni, 55. 
Henry, 47. 
Jeremiah, 66. 
John, 189. 
Thomas, 57, 186. 
Fox Creek, 72. 
Fraizer, William, 170. 
Francis, Maria, 147. 

Philip, 147. 
8ir Philip, 147. 
Franklin, Richard, 49. 
Franklin Square, 24. 
Frantom, Thomas, 191. 

Thomas, Jr., 191. 
William, 191. 
Fraysher, Henry, 186. 
Frazier, Robert, 67. 
Frederick County substitutes, 266. 
Frederick Hiislod<»il Sodeiy, 78. 

Freeman, Isaac, 169. 

Kinsey, 52. 
Thomas, 53. 
Fresh Creek, 268. 
Frick, Frank, deceased, 87. 
Fricker, John, 259. 
Frisby, James, 168. 

William, 169. 
Frost, James, 336. 
Frushover, Jacob, 257. 
Fryer, Henrj^ 53. 
John, 52. 
William, 53. 
Fulham, Charles, 257. 
Fullerton, Alexander, 186. 
Furnis, James, 193. 

William, 194. 
Gage, Mrs. Emma A., elected, 88. 
Gakts^^, Alexander, 60. 
Gale, George, 252. 

Henry, to Gov. T. S. Lee, 36. 
John, 252. 
Levin, 35, 171. 
Rasin, 168. 
William, 168. 
Galloway, Josias, 52. 
Games, John, 53. 
Gant, Oapt. Edward, 51. 
Gantt, Thomas, 305, 308, 311. 
Gardener, John, 48. 

Sabret, 53, 
Gardiner, Charles, 170. 

Clement, 68. 
Gardner, Benjamin, 53. 
Edward, 53. 
Francis, 48. 
George, 260. 
Kensey, 53. 
Robert, 53. 
Garey, John, 190. 

William, 190. 
Garnett, James M., resigned, 87. 
Garrett (Garrott), Amos, 330, 344, 

347, 360. 
G^rett & Soos, 22. 
Garth, Charles, 282, 420. 



Garth, Charles, to Committee (rf As- 
sembly, 282. 

Fanny (Coo|>6r), 420. 

John, 420. 

Sir Samuel, 420. 
Garts, Charles, 85. 
Gary, James, 53. 

Gassaway, Thomas, 329, 334, 337, 

Gates, John, 58. 

Leonard, 58. 

Gatwood, Thomas, 51 

Gaught, Obed, 194. 

Gaul, Richard, 269. 

Gears, Daniel, Jr., 51. 

Geddes, William, 169. 

Genealogist, cited, 70. 

Genebal Sullivan's Descent upon 
THE Bbitish on Staten Islaijd, 
by Francis B. Culver, 138. 

General Wayne Hotel, 23. 

George, Joshua, 172. 

Nicholas, 48. 

Samuel K., Jr., 119, 125, 

Sidney, 172. 
German Eegiment, 256. 
Gerrard, John, 268. 

Owen, 52. 

Thomas, 198, 268, 370. 
Garrard's Creek, 198, 268. 
GMselin, Capt. John, 259, 260, 261. 
Gibbins, Alexander, 188. 

Ezekiel, 188, 194. 
Gibbons, George, 59. 

George, Jr., 59. 
James, Cardinal, 422. 
Oliver, 268. 
Thomas, 58. 
Turner, 69. 
Gibson, James, 57. 

John, 58, 191. 
Jonathan, 190. 
William, 133. 
Lieut. Woolman, 189, 193. 
Giding, Morris, 193. 

Gilbert, Richard, 264. 
Giles, William, Jr., 185. 
Gill, John, of R., 12b. 
Gilletson, William, 49. 
Gillett, William, 186. 
Gillis, Ezekiel, 171. 
Gilliss, Levin, 189. 

Capt. Thomas, 189. 
Gillitt, John, 186. 
Gilmer, Robert, 84, 85. 
Gilpin, Isaac, 170. 

Joseph, 252. 
Gmkines, Jairus, 185. 

John, 185. 
Ginkins, David, 185. 
Gitters, William, 68. 
Gittings, Jas. C, elected, 423. 

Mary (Wilmot), 144. 
Thomas, 144. 
Gladden, Mrs. T, L., 423. 
Gladdus, Dousbell, 61. 
Cleaves, John, 169, 
Glen, Nicholas, 193. 
Glenn, John, 34. 

Robert, 50. 
Sewell, 129. 
Globe Hotel, 22. ; 
Glover, Richard, 191. 
Glynn, Johii> 304. 
Godard, John, 188. 
Goddard, Charles, 23. 

Henry P., resigned, 87. 
Godfree, Joseph, 184. 
Godwin, Cedar, Jr., 187. 
Goldsborough, A. Jr., 252 

Charles, 154. 
Charles, elected, 87. 
Maj. E, Y., 78. 
Elizabeth, 147. 
Elizabeth (Ennall«), 

Elizabeth (Green- 
berry), 154. 

Elizabeth (Sargeant), 

Howes, 170. 



Goldiborough, John, 148, 150, 153, 

Mary Emerson 
(Trippe), 154. 

Mary (Thomas), 147. 

Nichol4w> 147. 

Nicholas, Jr., 193. 

Nicholas, 2d., 147. 

Nicholas, 3d., 193. 

Robert, 148, 170, 274. 

Capt. Eobert, 189. 

Robert, 2d., 154. 

Eobert, 3d., 154, 158. 

Robert, 3d., sketch, 

Robert, 4th, 163. 
Robert, 4th., sketch. 

Robert Henry, 154. 
Sarah (Niook), 154. 
Sarah (Yerbury), 155. 
William, 170. 
Wm., Jr., 170. 
Golet, John, 47. 
Goodman, John, 57. 
Goodrich, Sarah, 75. 
Goose Harbour, 60, 62, 
Gooee Hill, 61. 
Gorden, Robert, 48. 
Gordon, James, 171. 

John, 133, 170. 
Thomae, 170. 
Gordy, Thomas, 185. 
Gore, Jacob, 191. 

Stephen, 199. 
Goelie, John, 185. 
Goslin, Levin, 186. 

Ma the w, 185. 
Gossage, Charles, 192. 
Gothery, Moses, 246. 
Gott, Samuel, 169. 
Gould, Clarence P., 225. 

James, 170, 181. 
Goulsbury, Thomas, 53. 
Governor's Creek, 199. 
Grace, James, 175. 

William, 190. 

Grttham, Charles, 252. 

George A. (note), 242. 
William, 245. 
Wm. A. (note), 242. 
Grahame, Charles, 159. 
Grainger, Lazerus, 48. 
Grantham, Henry, 258. 
Granger, William, 252. 
Grant's Old Station, Ky., 354. 
Grantham, Capt. William, 55. 
Grase, Nathaniel, 192. 
Grason, Richard, 170. 
Graves, Richard, 168. 
Gray, Allen, 188. 

Andrew, 187. 

Isaac, 50. 

Jacob, 187. 

James, 188. 

John, 48. 

Joseph, 50, 194, 195. 
William, 184, 188. 
Great Thicket, 371. 
Greaves, John, 53. 

John, Jr., 53. 
Martin, 53. 
Green, Frederick, 5. 

James, 46. 
Greenes Creek, 255. 
Greenberry, Elizabeth, 154 
Greene, Genl. Nathaniel, 250. 

Thomas, 367. 
Greenfield, Capt. Kenelyn Truman, 

Capt. Thomas, 182. 
Greenhawk, John, 190. 

Thomas, 190. 
Greening, Albert, 326, 333. 
Greenwood, Bartholomew, 191. 
Caleb, 191. 
Robert, 191. 
Greer, Annanias, 59. 
George, 186. 
Henry, 59, 186. 
Gregory, Anthony, 190. 
Gresham, John, 60, 325, 326, 329, 
344, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351. 
Griffin, Benjamin, 51, 53. 



Griffin, Edwin, 3. 

John, 52. 

William, 3. 
Griffis, Edward, 51. 
Griffith, Edward, 193. 

Lieut. George, 409, 410. 
Luke, 168. 
Robert, 171. 
Grimes, Thomas, 59. 

William, 58. 
Grimesditch, John, 369. 
Grindal, John, 59. 
Grisley, Jeremiah, 50. 
Grogan, Charles E., 129. 
Gromet, Lieut. Jacob, 257-261. 
Gronise, John, 260. 
Groome, Charles, 168. 
Grosh, Capt. Adam, 259, 260. 
Grofivenor, Thomas P., 321. 
Grumbaugher, John, 258. 
Grumble, Benjamin, 193. 
Grundy, Anne, 150. 

G^rge, 85. 
Gue, George, 55. 
Guilford, Battle of, 250. 
GuUick, John, 50. 
Gunby, James, 184. 

Ool. John, 247, 250, 253, 256, 
257, 259, aeO, 261. 

Kirk, 183. 
Gunpowder River Bridge burned, 

Guttery, Hugh, 50. 
Guttrey, Elijah, 194. 

Joshua, 194. 
Moses, 194. 
Philip, 194. 
Guyton, John, 52. 
Hacket, John, 85. 
Hackett, James, 169. 

Patrick, 5, 15. 
William, 169. 
Ha4daway, Capt., 191. 

Edward, 192. 
George, Jr., 192. 
George, of Thoe., 192. 

Haddaway, Peter, 192. 

Roland, 192. 
Thomas, 192. 
Hadden, William, 189. 
Hader, Warren, 194. 
Hadfield, Thomas, 79, 274, 275. 
Hadley, Samuel, 17S. 
Hagerty, George, 259. 
Hains, William, 188. 
Baldiip, Thomas, 257. 
Hales, Thomas, 62. 
Haley, John, 58. 
Halfhead, John, 264. 
Halfpenny, Thomas, 256. 
Hall, Andrew, 48. 

Benjamin, 252, 257. 

Charles, 184. 

Clayton C, 89. 

David, 188. 

Elieha J., 84. 

Ezekiel, 184. 

John, 52, 159, 173, 187. 

Joshua, 193. 

Peter, 245. 

Richard, 52. 

Robert, 190. 

Samuel, 187. 

Stephen, 194. 

Thomas, 188. 

W. Carvel, 119. 

William, 48, 51, 133, 184. 
Halliday, James, 251. 
Hallows, John, 373. 
Halaey, Edward, 178. 
John, 56. 

John Forman, 178. 
Haltham, Charles, 50. 
a,mbleton, John, 48, 193. 

Philemon, 192. 
Hamilton, Andrew, 66. 

John, 257. 

W. R., 322. 
Hammersly, John, 257. 
Hammett, James, 261. 
Hammond, Charles, 184. 

John, 133, 248. 



Hammond, Col John, 330. 

John M., elected, 210. 
Nathan," 258. 
Kicholas, 252. 
Ormond, 259. 
William, 52. 
Hamner, Rev. J. G., 33, 
Hamon, William, 259. 
Kan^ton, David, 48. 

George, 49. 
Hancock, Daniel, 194. 
Handforth, John, 52. 
Handrett, William, 3. 
Hands, Bedingfield, 12. 

Thos. Bedingfield, 170. 
Handy, George, 171. 
Henry, 171. 
Isaac, Jr., 186. 
John, 184. 
Capt. John, 185. 
Levin, 245. 

Samuel, 172, 184, 245, 247. 
William, 172. 
Hane, Jacob, 257. 
Hankey, John, 46. 
Hanmer, John, 232. 
Hann, Jacob, 49. 
Hanover, N. J., 138. 
Hanson, Alexander Contee, sketch, 
161, 252. 
Dorothy, 162. 
George, 176 
Jane (Contee), 161. 
John, 161. 

Rebecca (Howard), 161. 

William, 169. 

Oapt. William, 54. 
Hardesty, Joseph, 52. 
Harding, Charles, 56 

EHas, 56. 
Hardman, Michael, 256. 
Hardy, George E., resigned, 88. 

Robert, 185. 
Hargrove, John, to Robert G. Har- 
per, 410. 
Harmon, John, 49. 

Harness, Jacob, 325. 
Harper, Francis, 57. 
Jacob, 49. 
John, 50, 57. 
Robert Goodloe, 410. 
William, 49, 58. 
Harper^s Ferry, 276. 
Harrigan, John, 168. 
Harrington, Joseph, 198. 
Harrinton, John, 192. 
Harris, Benton, 245. 
James, 192. 
Josias, 55. 
Patrick, 50. 
Samuel, 56. 
Thomas, 55, 191. 
W. Hall, 89, 422. 
William, 59, 189, 190, 192. 
Harrison, Dorothy (Hanson), 162. 
Henry, 51. 
James, 46, 192. 
James, Jr., 192. 
JameSj of Wm., 192. 
John, 305, 306, 311, 316. 
John, of Jas., 192. 
John, of Wm., 192. 
Joseph, of Robt., 192. 
Perry, 192. 
Richard, 46, 162. 
Capt. Richard, 54. 
Robert Hanson, sketch, 

William, 51, 182. 
William, Jr., 192. 
William Welsh, 207. 
Rev. William Riohard, 14. 
Ha/rrisoti and Waples family, by W. 

W. Harrison, 207. 
Harriss, Abraham, 188. 
Bloyce, 185. 
James, 188. 
John, 188. 
Spencer, 188. 
Zachariah, 188 
Hart, Charles Henry, 214. 
Got. Joha, 335. 



Hartness, John, 48. 

Eobert, 48. 
Harti^orn, Benjamin, 47. 

Jonarthan, Jr., 47. 

Thomas, 46. 
Harvey, David, 259. 

Newman, 51. 
Samuel, 58. 
Thomas, 58. 
Harving, James, 56. 

Joshua, 56. 
Harwood, Lieut. Kichard, 57. 

S. Asenath, deceased, 211. 

Thomas, 305. 

William, 252. 
Hase, William, 56. 
Haetains, Roibert, 188. 

William, 188. 
Hastans, John, 188. 
Has well, James, 47. 
Hatch, John, 267, 270. 
Hatfield, Edward, 62. 
Hath, William, 188. 
Hattenetein, Samuel, 258. 
Hattery, James, 50. 
Hawker, William, 57. 
Hawkins, Xt.-Col. Emant, 180. 

James, 190. 

Matthew, 170. 

William, 266. 
Haylip, Richard, 257. 
Haymon, James, 188. 
Hayward, Capt. Francis, 55. 

William, 170. 
Hazelwood, Thomas, 258. 
Hearne, Benjamin, 188. 

Elijah, 188. 
Heart, Patrick, 191. 
Heath, Ann, 3. 

Anne Lily, 3. 
Daniel Charles, 172. 
Upton S., 34. 
Heather, Ephriam, 187- 
Hebden, Thomas, 196, 201. 
Heckley, James, 264. 
Heckrotte, William, 27. 

Hedge, Joseph, 261. 
Heiner, Rev. Elias, 33. 
Helgenstein, Ernest, 271. 
^ellen, Alexanda*, 53. 

Charles, 53. 

James, Jr., 53. 

John, Jr., 53. 

Peter, 53. 
Helnwsley, William, 252. 
Helper, Hinton Rowan, 421. 
Hemmet, McKelvie, 182. 

Lieut. Robert, 182. 
Hemsley, William, 11, 14, 169, 181. 
Henderson, Barnaby, 186. 

Daniel, 185. 

Rev. Jacob, 328, 331, 

332, 333, 334, 33d. 
Joseph, 186. 
Lemuel, 186. 
Levin, 186. 
William, 221, 228. 
Hendrickson, John, 51. 
Hendrixson, Henry, 47. 
Hennes bight, 67. 
Hennesy, Andrew, 189. 
Henney, Thomas, 47. 
Henning, Francis, 192. 
Hennis, David, 57. 
Hennisy, James, 259. 
Henry, Gov. John, 171. 
Thomas, 58. 
William, 48. 
Hensel, W. U., 417. 
Hepburn, Dr. J. C, 421. 
Heralds of a Liberal Faith, by S. A. 

Eliot, 418. 
Heron, James Gordon, 252. 
Herring Creek, 270, 366, 367, 368, 

369, 371. 
Herring Creek Parish, 325. 
Herrington, David, 190. 

Isaac, 190. 
Hervey, Nicholas, 269. 

Frances, 269. 
Heeselius, Gustavus, 232 
Hewett, Thom«e, 190. 


Heyward, Peter, 268. 
Hkkey, Sarah, 74. 
Hickman, Arthur, 186. 

Jonathan, 186. 
Nathan, 28. 
Hicks, Giles, 191. 

Capt. Levin, 55. 

Gov. T. H., to Gov, ©f Vir- 

giniA, 279. 
Gov. T. H., to Genl. J. M. 

Cole, 277, 278. 
Gov. T. H., to Joseph Byrne, 

Gov. T. H., to Col. Joe. P. 

Warner, 279. 
Gov. T. H., to Sheriff WMn- 

ington Co., 276, 290. 
Gov. T. H., to Genl. ^ewMrt, 


William E., 171. 
Biggins, Elizabeth, 146. 

Nehemiah, 191. 
Thomas, 192. 
Higginson, James, 40. 

James J., 40, 
pLiggs, Moses, 190. 
High, Gabriel, 53, 
Hignutt, Kitty, 74, 
Sarah, 74. 
Hilhouse, William, 53. 
Hill, Frederic S., 76. 
Jacob, 186. 

Joseph, 187, 326, 329, 331-338, 
Levin, 172. 
Walter, 61. 
William Steven, 196. 
Hills, Charles, 257. 

Richard, 262, 264. 
Hilman, Ezekiel, 185. 

John, 185. 
Hindman, Jacob, 148. 

James, 170. 
John, 14. 
Dr. John, 15. 
William, 170. 
Hines, Thotnas, 67. 

Hinton, John, 57. 

Hiekett, Benjamin, 55. 

Historical Research, by John M. 

Vincent, 419, 
Historical Society of Frederick, 78. 
History of the Americ(m Bar, by 

Charles Warren, 416. 
Hitch, Ezekiel, 188. 

John, Jr., 188. 
Nehemiah, 188. 
Hi*Giheoek, John, 48. 

Thomas, 48. 
Hiteley, John, 48. 
Hitely, Philip, 49. 
Hobbs, Austin, 69. 

Benjamin, 189. 
Mercelius, 189, 
Stephen, 189. 
Thomas, 57. 
Valentine, 59. 
Hoddgs, William, 48. 
Hodges, James, 169. 

Robert M., 119. 
Hodghead, John, 49. 
Hodgson, Majthew, 47, 
Phenies, 48. 
Hodson, Capt. John, 55. 
Hoflfman, Alfred, 123, 
CStarles, 129. 
Jacob, 261. 
R. Curzon, 119, 128, 
Hog Creek, 62. 
Hog Pen Creek, 62. 
Hog Pen Neck, 62. 
Holdem, John, 68. 
Holey, Robert, 46. 
Holiday, Jonathan, 52. 
Holland, Gabriel, 257. 
Isaac, 193. 
John, 49. 
Michael, 184. 
K, 246. 
Samuel, 194. 
Thomas, 52. 
William, 172. 
Holland Cliffs, 308, 309, 311. 



Hollandsliead, ThomaB, 52. 
Holliday, James, 7, 14. 
Hollings, Abraham, 51. 
Hollingsworth, Henry, 252. 

Samuel, 85. 

Capt. Z€l>iiIoii^ 47. 
HoUins, John, 85. 
HoUis, John, 371. 

Hollyday, Dr. I^onard, 305, 311, 

Leonard, Jr., 305, 311. 
Holt, John, 194. 

Sir John, 296. 
Philip, 52. 
Robert, 369. 
Holton, George, 51. 
"Holydown," 72. 
Holzman, Henry, 259. 
Homes, Abraham, 48. 
Hood, Robert, 55. 
Hook, James, Jr., 259. 
Hooper, Henry, 170. 

Capt. Henry, 55. 
Genl. Henry, 247. 
John, 171. 
Philip, 45. 
Capt. Roger, 55. 
Samuel, 58. 
Wm. Ennells, 170. 
"Hope," 72, 73. 
Hopewell (ship), 77. 
Hopewell, Hugh, 181. 

Lieut. Joseph, 181. 
Hopkins, David, 185. 

Dennis, 193. 
Edward, 192. 
Isaac, 186. 

J. Seth., deceased, 210. 

James, 56. 

John, 56, 192. 

John, Jr., 186. 

John Howard, elected, 87. 

Joseph, 52, 193. 

Levin, 187. 

Mathew, 48. 

Nathaniel, 187. 

Hopkins, Samuel, 192. 

Samuel Gover, elected, 211. 
Hopper, George, 72, 

Robert, 57. 

William, 71, 172. 
Horney, James, 190. 

Philemon, 193. 

Willisjn, 190. 
Horsefield, Joseph, 261. 

Luke, 261. 
"Horseley," 72. 
"Horseley Down,^' 72. 
Horsey, John P., elected, 87. 

William, 171. 
Hosey, Outerbridge, 184. 

Smith, 184. ' 
Stephen, 184. 
Hoskinson, Charles, 56. 
Hosmer, James R., 128. 
Hough, Samuel J., 121, 129. 

Samuel J., deceased, 87. 
Houghton, Richard, 45. 
Houk, John, 259. 
Houlden, John, 256. 
Houlsten, John, 194. 
House, William, 259. 
HoiuPton, Benjamin, 184. 

Comfort, 254. 
Isaac, 172. 
James, 171. 
William, 168. 
Howard, Cornelius, 325, 

Br. Ed. L., 129. 

George, 187. 

John, 187, 194. 

John Eager, 128, 250. 

Joseph, 327, 328. 

McHenry, 128. 

Nehemiah, 187. 

Rebecca, 161. 

Thomas, 57. 

William, 187. 

William Key, 123. 
Howard's Creek, 62. 
Howe, Admiral Richard, 248, 
How^ Genl. William, 248. 

Hower, Daniel, 269, 
Ilowkins, William, 267. 
Hows€, William, 52. 
Hoyt, Wm. H. (note), 242. 
Hozier, Jacob, 45. 
Hubbard, Sarah, 74. 
Hudson, Ai)salom, 187. 

Ananias, 195. 

Dennis, 187. 

Edmund, 366. 

Edward, 371. 

George, 187. 

Henry, 194. 

John, 195. 

Samuel, 187. 

Solomon, 194. 

William, 187. 
Hues, William, 190. 
Huett, Robert, 366. 
Huff, Jacob, 260. 

Huffmaater, James T., resigned, 

Hufman, Peter, 259. 
Huger, Benjamin, 125. 
Hughes, Abraham, 49. 
James, 45. 
liBvi, 257. 
Samuel, 50. 
Hukill, Richard, 50. 
Hulbrook, Thomas, 189. 
Hull, Nathaniel, 193. 

William, 267, 268. 
Humphries, Joshua, 185. 
Humphris, Ezekiel, 189. 
Hunger River, 71. 
Hungerford, John, 53. 
Hunt, Ck>rnelius E., 77. 
Gaillard, 421. 
Henrietta, 344. 
Peter, Jr., 192. 
Peter, of John, 192. 
Wornall, 331, 341, 342, 344. 
Hunter, John, 49, 50. 
Reed, 46. 
Robert, 190. 
William, Jr., 275. 

Hurley, Joshua, 191. 
Hurrey, Stephen, 190. 
Hurtt, Morgan, 169. 
Husband, John, 49. 
Huse, John, 52. 
Husk, Joseph, 186. 
Huston, Charles, 47. 
Hutchcraft, Thomas, 260. 
Hutchins, James, ISO. 
Hutchison, William, 58. 
Hutton, Henry, 57. 

William, 190. 
Hyatt, Alpheus, deceased, 211. 
Mesheck, 55. 
Seth, 65. 
Hyland, John, 176. 

Lambert, 171. 

Lieut. Nicholas, 46. 

Col. Stephen, 78. 
Hynson, John Carvill, 169* 

Richard, 168. 
Iclehart, Jacob, 57. 
Ijams, William, 56. 
Immigrants from England 1775-77, 

208, 320. 
Indented servants, 77. 
Independent Grays, 119. 
Indian Point, 254. 
Indian Quarters, 372. 
Indians, Expedition, against, 1791, 

lugle, Hugh, 187. 
Insley, Capt. James, 55. 
Invasion of the Ohesap^ke 1814, 

Irvin, John, 47. 

Mathcw, 48. 

William, 48. 
Irvins, Alexander, 10, 15. 
Isaac, Wm. M., deceased, 87. 
Isaac*s Creek, 197. 
Isaack, C^pt. Sutton, 52. 

Joseph, 52. 
Isabella (ship), 320. 
Isle of Kent, ^ee Kent Island. 
Ismii^er, Adam, 2f§. 



Jack-a-Lanthorn (schocmer), 311* 
Jackfion, Alexander, 56. 

Archibald, 48. 

Daniel, 186. 

Capt. Edward, 46. 

Gilbert, 192. 

Henry, 46, 171. 

IfMiac, 186. 

Dr. John, 14. 

Joshua, 185. 

Philip, 56. 

Samuel, 48. 

Thomas, 186. 

WaM^r, 169. 
Jacobs, John, 260. 
James, Daniel, 259. 

Laurence, 191. 
Thomas, Jr., 58. 
James' Creek, 264, 265. 
James' Marsh, 263. 
Jane (ship), 77. 
Jarbo, John, 372. 
Jeffers, John, 190. 
Jefferson, Henry, 192. 
Jemson, William, 48. 
Jenifer, Daniel, of St. T., 159 160, 

Jenifer, Mi(^!A«I^ 351. 

St. Th<Hnas, 248. 
JeBkins, Enoch, 49. 

Enoch, Jr., 50 

John, 50. 

Mathew, 193. 

Thomas, 192. 

Walter, 193. 
Jerningham, Dr. Henry, 77. 
Jewett, Samuel, 245. 
John Kilty on the Agent's 

Salary, 357. 
Johns, William, 191. 
Johnson, Charles, 61. 

Edward, 46. 

H. Y., 245. 

Jacob, 47, 49. 

Jacob, Jr., 48. 

Johnson, James, 64, S61, 263, 360^ 

John, 46, 187. 
Oliver, 48. 
Peter, 48, 187. 
Powel, 48. 
Rev^dy, 34, 42. 
Rinaldo, 810, 311, 313, 

Roger, 257. 
Simon, 258. 
Simon, Jr., 47. 
Thomas, 5, 15. 
Oipt. Thomas, 46. 
Gov. Thomas, Jr., 39, 162, 

164, 166, 168, 260, ^2, 


William, 52, 269. 
Johnson's Bite, 263, 
Jones, Arthur L.. elected, 423. 

Benjamin, 51, 192, 406. 

Cesar, 61. 

Charles, 56, 261. 

Cooley, 190. 

Daniel, 184. 

David, 51. 

Elisha, 186. 

Evan, 56, 326, 326, 341-346, 
349, 360. 

George, 184, 187. 
Giles, 194. 
Jacob, 58. 
James, 50, 192. 
John, 4T, 48, 61, 191, f^. 
John, Jr., 194. 
Lt.-Col. John, to Gov, Win- 
der, 409, 410. 
Irewis, 190. 
Robert, 3, 192. 
Samuel, 46. 
Thomas, 171, 184, 
Vittoent, 190. 
William, 47, 52. 
William, Jr., 59. 
Capt. William, 184. 


Jones* Branch, 68. 
Jordan, Jeremiah, 182. 

Lt.-Ool. Justinian, 181. 
Capt. Justiniaiij Jr., 182. 

Lieut. Theodorus, 182. 
Joynes, Tully A., elected, 86. 
Juda, Jacob, 260. 
Julien, John, 260. 

Stephen, 49, 50. 

Daniel M., 186. 
Jump, Lieut. William, 180. 
Jusloy, Andrew^ 72. 
Justice, Mounts, 47. 

Peter, 46. 
Katherine's Creek, 63. 
Kaufman, Jacob, 259. 
Keadle, John, 58. 
Kean, Samuel, 14. 

William, 9, 15. 
Kedger, Robert, 366, 367, 368. 
K«edy, Clayton O., resigned, 87. 
Keen, Richard, 267. 
Keene, John, 171. 

Samuel, 170. 
Keeports, Geo. P., 84, 86. 
Keer, Samuel, 177. 
Kees, James, 48. 
Keets, Thomas, 190. 
Keld, John, 1^8. 
Kell, Thomas, 42. 
Keller, John, 261. 
Kelley, William, 190. 
Kelliam, Joshua, 184. 
Kelly, Patrick, 46. 

William, 47. 
Kemp, Henry, 258. 

Lodowick, of Fred'k., 267. 

Matthew, 185. 

Peter, of Fred^., 269. 

Thomas, 168. 
Kendall, Richard, 71. 
Kenly, Maj. Grenl. John R. to Grov. 

Brftdford, 414. 
Kennard, John, 168. 

Nathan, Jr., 169. 

Kennedy, Henry, 185. 

Hugh, 347, 348. 
James, 46. 
John M., 230. 
Joseph, 260. 

Margaret (Callister), 
230, 240. 
Kent, Frank Richardson, 318. 
Jamee, 169. 
John, 53. 
Robert, 3. 
William, 3, 15. 
Kent County School, 164. 
Kejstt Fort Mange, by B. C. Stein- 

er, 254. 
Kent Fort Manor, 61, 66. 
Kent Island, 60ff, 146, 200, 264. 
Kepheart, Godfrey, 257. 
Keplinger, Jacob, 260. 
Kerby, David, 100. 

Michael, Jr., 189. 
John, 190. 
Lambert, 190. 
Nathan, 190. 
Richard, 190. 
Robert, 190. 
William, 190. 
Kerr, Mr., 5. 
Kersey, Francis, 192. 

William, 192. 
Kesler, George, 259. 
Kettey, Richard, 192. 
Key, Lieut. Charles H., 119.. 
Edmond, 273, 274. 
John Ross, 257. 
Philip, 162. 
Philip Barton, 255. 
Capt. Richard Ward, 183. 
Key-Evans Duel, 273. 
Key Swamp, 202, 
Keyscr, H. Irvine, 129. 
Keyting (Keytin), Nicholas, 269, 

Kibble, William, 189. 
Kiefer, Capt. Jacob 407, 408. 




Kieffer, Eev. J. Spangler, 322. 
Kilgour, Alexander, 274. 

William, 316. 
Killgore, Thomas, 48. 
Killion, Edward, 5, 15. 

William, 4, 5, 15. 
Killpatrick, John, 49. 
Kilty, John, sketch, 357. 
Kilty, John, on the Agent's Sal- 
art, 357. 
Kimber, John, 47. . . 
Kindriek, James, 190. 

Ralph, 191. 
King, Andrew, 261. 

Charles, 52, 181. 
Francis, 58. 
Jesse, 193. 
Nehemiah, 171. 
Kichard, 58. 
Robert, 188. 
Col. Robert, 189. 
Samuel, 171. 
Whittington, 188. 
William, 52, 200. 
King's Creek, 366, 371. 
Kingston, Charles, 190. 
Kininmont, John, 193. 

John, Jr., 190. 
Joseph, 190. 
Samuel, 189. 
Kinning, Isaac, 189. 
Kirby, David, 193. 

John, 410. 
Kirkman, Levin, 170. 
Kirshaw, James, 53. 
Knight, Jacob, 260. 

John Leach, 172. 
Thomas, 268. 
Lieut. William, 49. 
Knott, A. Leo, 128. 
Know Nothing Party, 117. 
Knowles, James, 15. 
Knox, Henry, to Daniel Carroll, 37. 
Xuhn, Jost. Engelhardt, 344, 345, 

Kunse, Henry, 256. 
Kurtz, T. Newton, 28. 

Kyle, James, 58. 
Lafayette Guards, 119. 
Lftfeald, David, 184. 
Lake, Capt. George, 409. 
Henry, 71, 72. 
Washington, 409. 
Lamiberson, Abraham, 186. 
Henry, 186. 
Samuel, 186. 
Lamdin, Robert of Daniel, 192. 
Robert of Wm., 192. 
William Jr., 192. 
LaBCaster, Benjamin, 50. 

Philip, 50. 
Lance, Israel, 186. 
Land Notes 1634-55, 60, 195, 262, 

Land warrants, 1789, 37. 
Landers, Roger, 257. 
Lane, William, 190. 

Capt. William, 186. 
Langg, John, 59. 
Langworth, James, 200. 
Lankford, Benjamin, 184. 

Killiam, 184. 
Lansdale, Isaac, 57. 

Richard, 56. 
Lansdowne, William Petty, 1st mar- 
quis, 302. 
I/arkins, Jeremiah, 49. 

John, 52. 
Larrabee, Henry C, deceased, 422. 
Larremore, Alex., 192. 

James, 186. 
Levin, 185. 
Robert, 191. 
Thomas, 192. 
William, 186. 
Lashley, George, 47. 

Robert, 46. 
Lashyear, John, 55. 
I^atham, Aron, 50. * 
John, 49. 
Moses, 47. 
Latrobe, Ferdinand C, memorial 

minute, 88. 
Latrobe, John H. B., 78. 


Laundrow, Jolin, 53. 
Lawrenc^^soiij Lawrence, 49. 
Laws, Belitha, 184. 
Elijah, 184. 
Lieut. Painter, 184. 
Xiawson, Alexander, 169. 
Hugh, 46. 
Lieut. John, 59, 
Peter, 49. 
Laymond, William, 52. 
Lazinby, Henry, 56. 

Robert, 56. 
Leach, Mr., 308, 310. 
Charles, 47. 
John, 52. 
League, John, 187. 
Leake, James, 48. 

Jane (Pritchett), 72. 
Leakin, Rev. Geo. A., 86, 421. 
Leary, G-enl. Peter Jr., deceased, 210. 
Leatherborow, Thomas, 266, 267. 
Leatherbury, Charles, 189. 

John, 185 189. 
Peregrine, 168. 
Robert, 189. 
Leatherman, Godfrey, 261. 

Henry, 259. 
LeCfttt, John, 188. 
Leckie, Frank, 305. 
Lecky, Alexander G., 209. 
Lecompt, Anthony, 193. 
LeOompte, John, 171. 
Ledenham, Sarah, 74. 
Lee, Lieut. Andrew, 139. 
Capt. Arthur, 54. 
Henry, 58, 196, 197, 267, 370. 
James, 192. 
James, Jr., 56. 
John, 59, 61, 193. 
Julian Henry, memorial min- 
ute, 89. 

Richard Henrys Letters of, ed. 

by Jas. C. Ballagh,, 318. 
Genl. Robert E., quoted, 128. 
Thomas Sim, 252. 
Leech, David, 48. 

Leeman, Joseph, 49. 
LeGrand, John C, 33. 
Lemmon, George, 190. 

Lodowick, 257. 
Lenham, Stephen, 58. 
Lensey, James, 194. 
Leon^ Thomas, 184. 
Leonard, Edward, 372. 
Leonard, Joseph, 188. 
Letherbury, Peregrine, 164, 178, 179. 
Letters and documents, 35, 271, 407. 
Letters from two Maryland Pi- 
oneers IN Kentucky, 352. 
Letters of Richard Henry Lee ed, 

by Jas. C. Ballagh, 318. 
Lewger, John, 197, 199, 262, 266, 

267, 268, 270. 
Lewis, Abner, 58. 

Daniel, 56. 

George, 51. 

John, 172. 

Richard, 48. 
Lexington, Ky., 353. 
Liberty (ship), 77. 
Lineh, Abraham, 187. 

Alexander, 187. 

James, 270. 

John, 53. 

Michael, 188. 
Lincoln, Abraham, 208. 
Lindal, Peter, 187. 
Lindale, Robert, 186. 
Lingenfelter, Valentine, 261. 
Linthicum, Capt. WiUam, 420. 
lanton, George, 57. 

Samuel, 57. 

William, 57. 

William, Jr., 57. 
Lion of Jude, 262. 
Lisbee, Aaron, 57, 

Thomas, 57. 
List of Members, 101. 
Lister, Jesse, 184. 
Little Brittaine, 372. 
Little thicket, 66. 
Littles, John, 49. 



lilowe, James, 192. 
Lioyd, Ann (Rousby), 152. 
Anna, 150. 

Anne (Grundy), 150. 
Edward, 2d. 326, 332, 333, 

Edward, 3d. 152. 
Edward, 4th, sketch, 152. 
Edward, 4th, mentioned, 
153, 154, 156, 158, 160, 
161, 170, 252. 
Edward, 5tli, Gov., 152. 
Henrietta Maria, 152. 
James, 148 150, 168. 
John J., 34. 
Philemon, 2, 14. 
Col. Richard, 168. 
Richard B., 170. 
Robert, 14, 282. 
Lock, Lieut, Melvill, 182. 
Locke, Richard, 53. 
Lockerman, Jacob, 192. 
Lodserman, Thomas, 171. 
Lockwell, Thomas, 188. 
Lock wood, John, 195. 
Loe, Richard, 199 263. 
Loftus, John, 51. 
Logan, Mana, 49. 
LoUes, Jacob, 185. 
Loney, Amos, 133. 

Henry D., 119. 
Long, Anne Mitchell (Coston), 254. 
David, 184, 194. 
Jeffrey, 184. 
John, 184. 
Rev. John, 14. 
Levin, 254. 

Littleton of Chaille, 254. 

Capt. Solomon, 172, 247, 250, 

Tobias, 46. 
Long Creek, 61. 
Ijong Point, 71, 254. 
"Longacre/^ 71, 72. 
Longworth, John, 268. 
Lorain, John, 168. 

Ix>tteries, 25. 
Louttit, Jameg, 173. 
Love, Thomas, 192. 
I^veday, Thomas, 191. 
Low, Nicholas 193. 

Robert, 186. 
Lowe, Mary, 147. 

Ck)l. Nicholas, 147. 

Richard, 68. 
liOwel, William, 58. 
Lowes, Henry, 189. 
Lows, Henry, 171. 
Loyalists, 162. 
Lucas, Basil, 56. 

Fielding, Jr., 28. 

Michael, 68. 

Samuel, 58. 
Luff, John, 258. 
Lundergin, William, 191. 
Lunn, Michaelj 46. 
Lurman, John S., 128. 
liusby, John, 45. 

Robert, 328, 331, 332, 333. 
Luxon, John, 57. 
Lynch, Anthony, 45, 47. 
Lyle, Sabret, 52. 
Sftmmel, 52. 
William, 52. 
Lyles, Mr., 308. 
Lyon, James, 49. 

Samuel, 57. 

Samuel H., 121, 129. 
McAlester, Hugh, 46. 
McArter, John, 48. 
McBryde, William, 171. 
McCabe, Brian, 186. 
McQallum, Alexander, 170. 
McCarq, Richard, 51. 
Macartey, Charles, 192. 
McCartey, John, 192. 
McCarty, Timothy, 259. 
:McCay, Hugh, 260. 
3IcClamy, Capt. William, 193. 
McCland, Robert, 258. 
McClary, Henry, 257. 
McClean, James, 168. 


McCleary, Robert, 47. 
McClelen, John, 46. 
McClery, Samuel, 49. 
McClester, Samuel, 185. 
McCluer, William, 48. 
McCollough, Thomas, 50. 
McConil, Alexander, 46. 
MoCoy, Henry, 49. 

William, 58, 258. 
MacCreery, Thomas, 85. 
McCreery, William, 133. 
McCrery, John, 50. 
Maccubbin, William, 333, 336, 338, 

McOuUoh, Anthony, 9. 
McCune, John, 48. 
McCurrey, James, 50. 
McCur+in, Daniel, 177. 
Mace, Rowland, 371. 
Macin, Robert, 184. 
JMcDaniel, David, 193. 
Macdormand, William, 193. 
McDowall, William, 46, 63. 
McFadden, John, 46. 
McFarrel, James, 47. 
McGinnes, Neal, 52. 
Macglamary, Edward, 188. 
McGraw, Mr., 11. 

Stephen, 257. 
McHaffey, Martin, 49. 
Machen, Marty, 46. 
McHenry, James, 78, 85, 262, 421. 

Watson, 194. 
McHenry, Fort, 125. 
MacHenry, Walter, 194. 
Mcintosh, J., 23. 
Mackaboy, James, 58. 
Mackall, Benjamin, 4th, 160, 311, 
McKeele, Capt. Thomas, 56. 
McKendley, David, 48. 
McKenney, John, 46, 62. 
McKewen, William, 46. 
McKey, James, 48. 

Robert, 48. 
Mackie, Ebeneezer, 85. 

McKim, Alexander, 85. 

Isaac, 42. 

John, 121, 129. 

Randolph H., 205. 
McKinney, John, 256. 
McKinnon, Daniel, 9, 15. 
McKinsey, Joshua, 257. 

Moses, 267. 
McKitterick, James, 49. 
Maeklefish, John, 261. 
Mackseeney, George, 57. 
Macklane, James, 55. 
McLaughlin, Andrew, 22. 
McLaughlin, John, 46. 
Maclaughlin, William, 372. 
Maclean, Daniel, 51. 

John, 51. 
McLure, John, 84. 
McMahon, J. V. L., 34, quoted, 154* 
McMaster, John 48. 
McMorrie, James, 186. 

McMuUin, , 35. 

McNaley, John, 267. 
McNamara, Lieut. John, 409. 
MacNamara, Timothy, 71. 
McNanny, Dennis, 47. 
McPherson, Mr., 309. 
Macquire, Hugh, 52. 
Macrell, Thomas, 259. 
McTear, John, 46. 
Macuelford, Charles, 194. 
MAd<».lf, George, 57. 

Vachell, 57. 
Maddox (Madux, Maddix), Alex- 
ander, 188. 
Alfred, 119. 
John, 193. 
Thomas, Jr., 171. 
William, 184, 188. 
Madern, Adam, 259. 
Mading, John, 56. 
Maflfat, William, 46 
Magcmne of History, cited, 77, 
Maginney, Daniel, 190. 
Magruder, Alexander, 56, 59. 



Mftgruder, Alex. Howard, 305, 308, 

George, 59. 

Hezekiah, 59. 

Lieut. James, 57. 

James of Ninian, 57. 

Jeremiah, 57. 

John Bead, 305. 

Nathaniel, 56. 

Ninian, 56. 

Capt. Samuel, 57. 

Samuel, 3d, 56. 
Mahany, Charles, 50. 
Mainly, John, 49. 
Mainwarlng, Jacob, 133. 
Major, Dr. Thomas, 326, 327, 328, 

Makemie, Rev. Francis, 77, 209, 417. 
Makemieland Memorials, by Bev. L. 

P. Bowen, 418. 
Malady, John, 258. 
IMalcobn, Bev. Alexander, 6, 7, 8, 
9, 14, 15. 
Quinton, 6, 7. 
Male, Henry, 190. 
Malone, Robert, 185. 
Maloy, W. M., ele(N»d, 423. 
Manadear, Baniel, 193. 
Manery, John, 46. 
Manley, John, 59, 
Manners, Greorge, 370, 373. 
IVIanning, Thomas, 53. 
Manokin Presbyterian Church 

(note), 76. 
!Manahip, Charlee, 191. 

Henry, 192. 
Mansil, George (Mansell), 336, 337. 
Mansion House Hotel, 23. 
Manson, William, 48. 
Mantz, Peter, 259. 
Maqimy, Jere, 192. 
Marcy, Alexander, 195. 
Marker, G«orge, 258. 
Markoe, Frank, 129. 
Marrill's point, 203. 
Marriott, Telfair, 129. 

Marsh, Thomas, 59. 
Marshal, John, 170. 
Marshall, Randall, 46. 

Thomas, Jr., 52. 
Marshel, Jacob, 194. 
Marsteller, Philip, 275. 
Marten, William, 51. 
Martiel, John, 186. 
Martin, Anna Matilda, 147. 

Anne (Thomas), 147. 

Elizabeth, 147. 

Elizabeth ( Goldsborough ) , 

Elizabeth (Thomas), 147. 

George, 247. 

Henry, 147, 193. 

James, 172, 252. 

John, 172, 186. 

Luther, 10, 15, 80, 422. 

P. Selby, 245. 

Richard, 326, 327, 330, 331, 
334, 335. 

Robert, 245. 

Thomas, 147, 172, 193. 

Thomas, Jr., 193. 

William, 147. 
Martindale, Daniel, 190. 
Mary (ship), 320. 
Marye, Wm. B., elected, 87. 
" Marylmd Omette/^ ad., 5, quoted, 

Mabtland Guabd Battalion, 1860- 
61, by Isaac F. Nicholson, 117, 

Maryland Institute building, 126. 

Mabyiand IMeeohant and his 
FBiENDS, by Lawrence C. Wroth, 

Maryland Planter (ship), 77, 
Maryland under the Common/we&lthf 

by B. C. Steiner, 318. 
Mashell, James, 192. 
Mason, Philip, Jr., 58. 

Thomas, 190. 
Massay, Jean, 245. 
Massey, Ebenezer, 169. 
John, 187. 

Masterson, John, 55. 

William, 56. 
Mathews, Robert, 259. 
Mattapax creek, 60. 
Mattapax Keek, 60. 
Matthews, Lueer., 192. 

Thomas, 191. 
Uriah, 191. 
William, 170, 173. 
Mathis, William, Jr., 194. 

William, Sr., 194. 
Matzler, Daniel, 168. 
Manldin, Benjamin, 48. 
Maxwell William, 169. 
Mayer, Harriet Hyatt, 418. 
Maynadier, Rev. Daniel, 217. 

Henry, 171. 
Maynard, Nathan, 261. 

Samuel, 305, 308, 310, 
311, 313, 314. 
Maysville, Ky., 353, 356. 
Meakins, Joshua, 46. 
Mealy, Robert, 185. 
Mears, William, 57. 
Mecklenburg Declaration, 242. 
Medealf, William, 60. 
Medcalf's branch, 60. 
Medford, Marmaduke, 168. 

Thomas, 168. 
Medley (Medly), John, 263, 266, 

266, 371. 
Medleys' branch, 264, 266. 
Hedsly, William, 195. 
Meekins, Capt. Denwood, 409. 
Megraw, John, 258. 
Meke, John, 48. 
Melican, John, 184. 
Melone, Jonathan, 50. 
Melton, John, 186. 

Littleton, 186. 
Melvin, William, 186. 
Membership of Society, 101. 
Menus, William, 50. 
Mercantile Library A<seociation, 28. 
Mercer, John, 45. 

Thomas, Jr., 47. 

William, 51. 


Merchant, John, 191. 
Merchant's Hotel, 22. 
Meredith, Mr., 180. 

Gilmor, 123 
Jonatlian, 34. 
Mermaid (ship), 208. 
Merrick, Joseph, 191. 

William, 191. 
Merrill, Joseph, 187. 

William, 245. 
Merryman, William, 413. 
Merson freehold, 64 
Messex, Aaron, 185. 

Benjamin, 186. 
Covington, 186. 
Elihu, 185. 
Metcalfe, John, 373. 
Mettard, Jacob, 260. 
Meyer, H. H. B., 420. 
Michael, Jacob, 257. 

John, 341. 
Michell, John, 269. 
Middle Neck Parish, 325. 
Middleton, Charles, 264. 
Midleton John, 48. 
Midsly, Thomas, 194. 
Mierick, David, 49. 
Milburn, Robert, 48. 
Miles, Jonathan, 57. 
Joshua, 133. 
I^muel, 194. 
Stacy, 194. 
Milholland, Arthur, 260. 
Militia. 1740-48, 44. 
Miller, Arthur, 168. 

Edgar G., deceased, 87. 
Frederick, 259. 
Henry, 49. 
John, 172. 
Capt. Joseph, 187. 
Richard, 168. 
Robert, 48, 58. 
Thomas, 46. 
Millington, George, 190. 

Isaac, 190. 
Mills, Alexander, 195. 
David, 185. 



Mills, Hugh, 186. 
James, 182 
John, 48, 58. 
Lieut. Mi»6es, 186. 
Nathaniel, 186. 
Robert, 58. 
Smyth, 186. 
William, 193. 
Wm. of John, 186. 
Wm. of Samuel, 186. 
Milteon, James, 190. 

Samuel, 190. 
Milton, Patrick, 48. 
Minner, Prisilla (Collision), 74. 
Minutes, Beoember meeting, 86. 
January meeting, 86. 
February meeting, 87. 
Annual meeting, 90. 
March meeting, 210. 
April meeting, 211. 
May meeting, 211. 
October meeting, 422. 
November meeting, 422. 
Minutes of the Board of Patux- 

Ejvtt Associatoss, 305. 
Mires, William, 52 
Missell, Casper, 260. 
Mitchell, Benjamin, 185. 
Burgis, 58. 
David, 57. 
Isaac, 194. 

John, 47, 48, 58, 350. 

John, Jr., 57. 

Capt. Joseph, 187. 

Joshua, 245. 

Josiah, 245, 247. 

KaDdall, 193. 

William, 119. 
Moale, Edward, 128. 

Frederick L., 119, 128. 
Mobley Edward, 59. 

Francis, 58. 
Mockbee, Edward, 56. 
Mockins, Richard, 71. 
Molnix, William, 257. 
Moloony, Michael, 191. 

Monett, Orra Eugene, 204. 
Monett family genealogy, 204. 
Money, John, 47. 
Monongahela river, 352. 
Mont, William, 48. 
Moor, John, 188. 
Moore, Aron, 50. 

George, 56. 
Hugh, 259. 
Isabella, 328. 
Jesse, 177. 
John, 168, 257. 
Margaret, 75. 
Nathaniel, 48. 
Philip, 57. 
Thomas, 50, 67. 
William, 50. 
Morann, Edward, 46. 
More, Francis, 190. 
Joseph, 48. 
Thomas, 190, 193. 
William, 185, 186. 
Morgan, Lieut. Avery, 187. 
Charles, Jr., 190. 
Edward, 47. 
Henry, 67. 
Hugh, 48. 
James, 47. 
John, 190. 
Johnsey, 256. 
Robert, 46. 
Samuel, 191. 
Sevil, 190. 
Thomas, 56. 
Thomas of John, 56. 
William, 46. 
Morningetar, Philip, 256. 
Morrane, Thomas, 50. 
Morrk, Jacob, 185. 

James, 256. 

John, 181, 185. 

Rev. John G., 33. 

Joeeph, 185. 

Robert, 214 fF. 

Thomas, 268. 

William, 172, 245, 262. 



Morrison, Alfred J., 206. 

Robert, 48. 
Morriss, Capt. Jonathan, 256, 257, 

259, 260, 261, 
Morris town, N. J., 138. 
Moser, Jacob, 259. 
Morton, John, 311. 
Moulins, James, 265. 
Mounrt, Samuel, 55. 
Mount Calvary P. E. church, 32. 
Mt. Clare, 22. 
Mowbray, Capt. James, 410. 
Mules, James, 52. 
Muller, Louis, resigned, 86. 
Mulligan, Thomas, 186. 
Mullin, Michael A., 210, 255. 
Mullikin, William, 193. 
Mumford, Jehu, 194. 
Mummert, William, 257. 
Munday, Thomas, 366, 371. 
Murdoch, Lieut. Alex. F., 119, 128. 
Fridge, deceased, 422. 
William, 56, 282. 
Murfey, Edward, 47. 
Murphy, James, 257. 

John, 28. 

Thomas, 255. 
Murray, Capt. Alexander, 175. 

Clapham, 128. 
Daniel, 408. 

Henry, 170. 

James, 160, 170. 
Bp, John G., 419. 

Stirling, 129. 

Wm. H., 119, 123, 128. 
Murry, James, 195. 
Muse, Ann, 171. 
Musgrave, Rev. George W., 32. 
Mushier, Adam, 257. 
Myers, Bostian, 257. 
"Myrtle Grove," 154, 218. 
Myss, Nicholas, 256. 
Hailor, Joseph, 190. 

William, 190. 
Nails, John, 185. 
Namasconson, 371, 

Nancy (ship), 77, 208, 320. 
Nanfin, William, 70. 
Nash, John, 50. 

Samuel^ 50. 
National Hotel, 22. 
Nautilus (schooner), 311-14, 316. 
Navell, James, 47 
Neale, James, 196, 200, 201, 371. 
Neall, Thomas, 46. 
Needles, John, 170. 
Negroes, Education of, 271. 
Neill, John, 172, 245, 257. 

Thomas, 256. 
Nelly Frigate (ship), 77. 
Nelson, John, 34, 186. 

William, 47. 

Lieut. William, 185. 
Neptune (ship), 208. 
Nevell, John, 370. 
Nevett, Richard, 265, 370. 
Nevett's branch, 371. 
Nevett's creek, 264, 266. 
Nevill, John, 264. 

Richard, 263. 
Nevin, William, 260. 
N. E. Historical and Genealogical 

Register, cited, 77, 208, 320. 
New Hogpen Neck, 61. 
New Town, 215, 366. 
New Patuxent, 197. 
Newcom, Robert, 193. 
Newman, John, 191. 

Joseph, 191. 
Newton, Arnold, 258. 

John, 183. 

WilUs, 170. 
Nicholl, John, 3d, 58. 
Nicholls, Mr., 309. 

John, 57. 
Simeon, Jr., 58. 
Nichols, Jeremiah, 168. 

Robert Lloyd, 170. 
Nicholson, Benjamin, 275. 
Nicholson, Isaac F. The Mary- 
land Guard Battalion, 1860-61, 



Nicholson, Isaac F., 121, 129, 211. 
James, 186. 
John, 185. 
Johns H. R., 129. 
Nicholson, Joseph, 1 64, 

168, 185. 
Joseph, Jr., 159, 169. 
Eoger, 185. 
NickcUs, Charles, 192. 
Nicker son, John, 191. 
Nickols, Eichard, 184. 

William, 56. 
Nicks, William, 258. 
Niools, Robert Lloyd, 156. 

Sarah, 154. 
Niles, Samuel V., 43. 

Wm. Ogden, to Judge Kell, 

Niles' Register, 31. 
Nilson, Robert, 194. 

Samuel, 194. 

William, 194. 
Nineteenth of April, 1861, 124, 407. 
Nisbet, Alexander, 33. 
Nix, George, 191. 

Isaac, 191. 
Noble, Isaac, 184. 

James, 184. 

Jonathan, 184. 

Thomas, 188. 
Nock, Nehemiah, 194. 
Norfolke, John, 51. 

William, 52. 
Normen, C. B., 416. 

Thomas, 50, 
Norris, James S., elected, 86. 

Walter B., resigned, 87. 

William, 258. 
Norrowd, William, 192. 
"Northampton," 73. 
Northcraft, Edward, 57. 
Northey, Sir Edward, 296. 
^Northwest creek, 66. 
Norton's creek, 264. 
Norwood, Sarah, 336, 337. 
Nottingham, 305. 
Nowell, William, 62. 

Nowland, James, 47. 

Richard, 47. 
Nox, James, 48. 
Null, John, 48. 

Robert, 48. 
lumbers, Peter, 47. 
Nun, John, 370. 
Nuton, Thomas, 53. 
Nuttell (Nuttle), John, 190, 192. 
Obituary notices of the 8un, 29. 
Odell, James, 55. 
O'dendhall, S., 121. 
Oenes, Francis, 48. 
Officers for 1911, 90. 
Offut, James, 56. 
Ogle, Samuel, note, 44. 
Oglesby, George, 50. 

John, 49, 50. 

William, 50. 
Oldham, Edward, 148, 193. 
Oliphen, Matthew, 188. 
Olive Branch (ship), 77. 
Oliver, Robert, 84. 
Oltham, John, 49. 
O'Neall, Conn, 57. 
Oram, James, 58. 
Ord, Maj. Gen. E. 0. C, 414. 
Orre, William, 46. 
Orton, James, 49. 
Osbom, John, Jr., 58. 
Osburn, John, 46. 
Oston, William, 191. 
Otherson, Otho, 47. 
Ottwell, James, 184. 

William, 184. 
Outen (Oughton), Abraham, 184, 
Purnal, 184. 
Outerbridge, William, 193. 
Oittfcen, John, 194. 

Thomas, 184. 
Ovendon, H. W., 122. 
Owen, Robert, 260. 

Thomas, 51. 
Owens, John, 171. 

Peter, 184 
Owings, Jolm Ooek«y, 352. 



Oxenham, William, 190. 
Oxford, Md., 213. 
Oyster, Henry, 257 
OystCT Creek, 68, 200, 265. 
Ozier, Francis, 49. 
Ozman, Thomas, 190. 
Paca, John P., 129. 

Gov. William, 152, 154, 161, 
166, 169, 173, 250, 252. 
Pack, Jamee, 257. 
Packer, Edward, 70. 
Packer's Creek^ 371. 
Padder, John, 55. 
Padison, John, 192. 
Page, Joel, 321. 

John, 168. 
Pain, David, 48. 
Pain, Isaac, 194. 
Paine, Thomas, 167. 
Palmetry, Lavinia E., 74. 
Pane, Jacob, 186. 
John, 186. 
Joseph, 186. 
Moses, 186. 
Paret, Rt. Rev. Wm., deceased, 88. 

mentioned, 418. 
Parham, J., 252. 
Parish Registers of JSngland, 76, 
Park Hall, 198. 
Parker, Peilder, 52. 
George, 52. 
John, 48, 256. 
Parkerson, Thomas^ 48. 
Parkhurst, Andrew R., 128. 
Parr, Thomas, 190. 
Parremore, Benjamin, 188. 
Jesse, 188. 
John, 172, 188. 
Joseph, 188. 
Thomas, 188. 
Parrot, Abner, 193. 
Parrott, Greorge, 191. 
Paw^ley, Bartholomew, 47. 

Richard, 47, 48. 
Parson Weems, by L. C. Wroth, 75. 

Parsons, James, 190. 

Patapsco river, 18. 

Paterson, William, 40. 

Patison, Vincent, 193. 

Potomac river, 19, 201, 264-6, 367. 

Pato\^^nach (ship), 208. 

Patrick, Daniel, 194. 

Roger, 194. 
Patriot (paper), 28, 30, 31. 
Patten (Patton), Robert, 46, 49. 
Patterson, Archibald, 170. 
David, 46. 
Edward, 48. 
Irvin, 48. 
Robert, 46. 
William, 85. 
Patton, Hance, 50. 
Pa^tuxent (ship), 208. 
Patuxent Associatobs, 305. 
Patuxent path, 269. 
Patuxent river, 16,-19, 197, 269. 
Paty, Powell, 194. 
Paweomicok point, 266. 
Pawson, Richard^ 334. 
Peach, Joseph, Jr., 57. 
"Peaoh Blossom," 153. 
Peacock, John, 186. 

Samuel, 52. 
Peake, Walter, 372. 
Peale, Charles, 5, 15. 

Charles Willson, 5, 78, 173, 

177, 230. 
Elizabeth, 173, 176 
Elizabeth E. (Callister), 230, 

Rembrandt, 173. 

•St. George, 230. 
Pearce, Henry Ward, 172. 
James, 49, 169. 
William, 45. 
Peare, John, 200. 
Peare's plantation, 199, 200. 
Pearson, Lieut. Labil, 409. 
Peck, Richard, 56. 
Peco, Peter, 48. 
Pedycourt, Nathan, 56. 



Feeds, William, 187. 

Pegram, William M., 86, 119, 128. 

Peirs, John, 63. 

William, 53. 
Pelletrau, Wm. S., 421. 
Pelley, James, 58. 
Peltz, John, 268. 

Penniman, Thomas D., elected, 210. 
Pennington, Henry, 61. 

Jacob, 60. 
John, 45, 50. 
Lieut. John, 46. 
Richard, 45, 60. 
Robert, Jr., 60. 
Thomas, 50. 
William, 50. 
William C, 121, 129. 
" Pennsplva7iia Journal" ad. 11. 
Penna. Mag, of Hist, and Biog., 

cited, 77, 321. 
Perdue, Mrs. L. E., 76. 
Perkins, Ool. 176. 

Isaac, 168, 252. 
James, 191. 
Permillion, James, 59. 
Perrey, Joseph, 56. 

William, 63. 
Perrie, John, 311. 
Perry, Edward, 57, 
John, 57. 
William, 170. 
Ferryman, Roger, 46. 
Peters, Ann, 74. 

J$imm, 74. 
John, ,57. 

Sarah (Hignutt), 74. 
Pettenger, Benjamin, 39. 
Petts, Thomas, 67. 
Petts branch, 67. 
Pheipo (Phepo), Marks, 269, 372. 
Phelps, Charles E., 119, 123, 124. 
Philips, Samuel, 48. 

William, 258. 
Philipps, Rubin, 48. 
Phillips, James, 186. 

John, 47, 67. 

Phillips, Richard, 189. 
Thomas, 47. 
William, 48. 
Phillpot, Matthew, 61. 
Philpott's creek, 62. 
Phlppes, Mathew, 47. 
Phraiser, William, 186. 
Pi^rd, William, 47. 
Pickles, Nathan, 49. 
Picferen, Charles, 193. 

James, 193. 
Pierpont, John, 418. 
Pigeon, Charles, 46. 
Pike, Robert, 264. 
Pilcher, John, 188. 
Piles, Francis, Jr., 58. 
Pilshard, Moses, 186. 
Pinckney, Sarah, 336. 
Piney Bay, 60, 62 
Pinkney, Ninian, 410. 
Pinley, William, 268. 
Piper, Christopher, 189. 

J., 176. 

John, 186. 

Joseph, 189. 

Samuel, 186. 

William, 186 
Piscataway creek, 262. 
Pitch, William, 60. 
Pitts, Charles H., 34. 

Robert, 186. 
Plftter, Col. George, 169, 181, 
John E., 119. 
Plowman, Philemon, 191. 
Plummer, Christopher, 190. 

John, Jr., 190. 
Thomas, 190. 
Plunket, David, 85. 
Poe, Edgar Allan, note, 44. 

Neilson, Jr., 129. 
Point Anne, 197. 
Political situation, 1868-69, 117 
Polk, David, 189. 

Gillis, 171. 

Lieut. James, 188. 


Polk, John, 188. 

Lieut. John, 188. 
Joshua, 160. 
William, 188. 
Pollard, Margaret, 156. 

William, 57. 
Pollexfen, Sir Henry, 296. 
Pontier, E. F., 119. 
Poole, Josias, 51. 
Poolett, Jonathan, 189. 
Thomas, 189. 
William, 189. 
Pooll, Edmond, 52. 
Poor, James, 50. 
Poore, Thomas, 51. 
Pope, Francis, 200, 369. 
John, 172. 
Joseph, 58. 
Nathaniel, 198. 
William, 261. 
Poplar Hill, 267. 
Poplar Hill Creek, 369, 370. 
Poplar Island, 61. 
Poplar Neck, 265. 
Porter, Arthur, 191. 

Francis, 191. 
George, 192. 
X>T. Geo. L., 208. 
Hugh, 186 
James, 50. 
John, 191, 194 
Noah, 321. 

Robert, 45, 133, 192, 259. 

Capt. Robert, 78. 

Capt. Thomas, 191. 
Portly, John, 245. 
Postage stamps, resolution concern- 
ing, 211. 
Posten, Francis, 59. 
Potter, Joseph, 10, 15. 

William, 59. 
Potts, Richard, 251, 256. 
Poulson, Peter, 48, 49. 
Po^yel, Gabriel, 184. 
Powell, Samuel, 194. 

Thomas, 194. 

Powlas, Nicolas, 259. 
Pownall, Thomas, note, 388. 
Poynter, Ellas, 187. 

Ratclif, 187. 
Prangley, William, 261. 
Prather, Jeremiah, 57. 

Samuel, 55. 
Pratt, John, 56. 
Pratt, Gov. Thomas G., 27. 
Presentment of Samuel Chase, 132. 
Presentment of Gov, Thos. S. Lee, 

Presley, James, 192. 
Preston, Andrew, 260. 
Price, Adam, 188. 
Andrew, 47. 

Capt. Andrew, 180, 181. 

James, 46. 

John, 51, 194. 

Capt. John, 370. 

Joseph, 47. 

Lodowick, 264. 

Richard, 58. 

Robert, 47. 

Thomas, 49 

Col. Thomas, 256-261. 

William, 47, 49, 190. 

William, Jr., 47. 
Prichard, David, 190 
Priggs, John F. A., 305, 311. 
Prince George's couniy militia, 1748, 

Prior's creek, 68 
Prior's manor, 68. 
Pritciiett Family, by Henry 

Cranor, 70, 
Pritchett, Abigail, 71, 72. 

Abraham, 74. 

Ann, 72, 73, 74. 

Ann (Peters), 74. 

Arab Ann, 75. 

Araminta, 74. 

Arthur, 73. 

Collison, 74, 75. 

Edward, 72, 73, 74. 

Eliza Ann, 74. 



Pritdiett, Evans, 72, 
Foster, 74. 
Furbeck, 72. 
Hester, 74. 
James Wesley, 75. 
Jane, 72 
Jates, 73. 

John, 70, 71, 72, 73. 
Katherine (Adams), 75. 
Lavinia E. (Palmetry), 

74, 75. 
Levin, 73. 
Lett, 72, 73, 74. 
Margaret (Moore), 76. 
Margery, 72. 
Mary, 72. 

Nancy (Wheeler), 74. 
Nelly, 74. 
Peter Bayard, 74. 
Phillis, 72. 
Plumbeck, 72, 
Prissilla, 74. 
Prissila (CJollison), 74. 
Ritty (Hignutt), 74. 
Sarah Ann, 75. 
Sarah (Goodrich), 76. 
Sarah (Hickey), 74. 
Sarah (Hubbard), 74. 
Sarah (Ledenham), 74. 
Susan (Roe), 75. 
Thomas, 73. 
Thomas Birchenal, 75. 
Wilhelmina ( Tatman ) , 

William Hughlett, 75. 
Zebulon, 72. 
"Pritchett's Desire,'^ 75. 
"Pritchett's Meadow,'' 73. 
Privateers and Privateering, 75. 
Proceedings of the Society, 86, 210, 

Prosser, Thomas, 67. 
Prout, Daniel, 52. 
Pruit, William, 194. 
Puddrie, Joseph, 194, 
PuKon, Alexius, 267. 

Ferdinand, 202, 

Purlivant, Richard, 62, 64. 
Purnal, Hezekiah, 187. 

John, 187, 
Purnell, Benjamin of Mat., 172. 

Thomas, 172, 245. 

Walter, 194. 

William, 172, 191, 246. 

Zach, 245. 

Zadock, 172, 195. 
Pursall, Thomas, 270. 
Purviance, John, 33. 
Putnam, Grenl. Israel, 249. 
Pye, George, 69, 
Quaturmus, Patrick, 185, 
Queatt, William, 47. 
Queen Anne's county, 2, 38. 
Queen Anne's co. Alms House, 14, 
Queen Anne's co. militia, 1748, 180. 
Queenstown, 10. 
Quinn, Richard, 258. 
Quinny, Salathiel, 336. 
Quktton, James, 172, 245. 

Philip, 172. 
Rackliffe, Charles, 194. 
Radish, Hiram, 185, 
Bafinesque, by T. J. Fitzpatrick, 319. 
Rage, John, 189. 
Rakestraw & Hicks, 174. 
Ramsey, Daniel, 186. 

John, 56. 

Wilburn, 186, 
Randall, Daniel R., 244. 

John Wirt, 245. 
Randel, Robert, 53. 
Ransburgh, Christian, 261. 

John, 267. 
Ransom, Ignatius, 59. 
Ranzer, John, 50. 
Rawen, Patrick, 258. 
Rawlings, Paul, Jr., 68. 

Moses, 252. 
Ray, Benjamin, 57. 
James, 56. 
John, 56, 57. 
Thomas, 192. 
William, 57. 
Raymond, Sir Robert, 296. 


Read, James, 49. 
John, 46. 
Walter, 67, 194. 
Weatthon, 3. 
William, 59, 
Wm. Geo., 129. 
Reading, Patrick, 58. 
Reams, Harwood, 190. 
Reath, Robert, 57. 
Redding, Peter, 186. 
Redley, Drue, 257. 
Reed, James, 186. 

Obadiah, 185. 
Rees, David, 48. 

Greorge, 51. 
Rellitt, George, 185. 
Rencher, Underwood, 189. 

William, 189. 
Renner, William, 257. 
Reyniniscejices, by the Rt. Rev. Wil- 
liam Paret, 418. 
Reports to Society: 
Council, 91. 
Treasurer, 93. 
Committee on Gallery, 97. 

Library, 97. 
Publications, 98. 
Trustees of the Atheneum, 97. 
Representative Authors of Mary- 
land, by Henry E. Shepherd, 320. 
Resource (schooner), 308. 
Revell, Randall, 263, 267. 
Reviell, Curtis, 193. 
Revill, Randall, Jr., 193. 

William, 194. 
Revolutionary roster, 256. 
Reynold, Edward, 311. 
Reynolds, Richard, 49. 

Thomas, 49, 336, 337, 
338, 339, 342, 343, 344. 
William, 258. 
Rhoar, Jacob, 258. 
Rhodes, Thomas, 52. 
Ricaud, Richard, 168. 
Rice, Hugh, 190. 

Richards, Henry, 186. 

John, 261. 

John, Jr., 57. 

Miles, 366. 

Robert, 58. 

Robert, Jr., 59. 

Samuel, 57. 

William, 195. 
Richard^s branch, 264. 
Richardson^ Benjamin, 186. 

George R., 34. 
J., 252. 

John, 187, 194. 
John, Jr., 187. 
Joseph, 170. 
Noah, 409. 
Thomas, 52. 
M^Uiam, 51, 194. 
Richardson Col. Wil- 
liam, 250, 252. 
Richey, William, 256. 
Ricketts, David, 50. 

Benjamin, 57. • 
John, 46. 
Thomas, 48. 
William, 50. 
Riddell, Jane, 147. 

Walter, 147. 
Riddle, Robert, 58. 
Rider, Andrew, 49. 

William, 260. 
Wilson, 185. 
Ridge, Benjamin, 50. 
James, 50. 
William, 50. 
Ridgely R. M., resigned, 423. 
Ridgeway, Joseph, 56. 
Ridgway, Jonathan, 58. 
Riely, Michael, 46. 
Rigby, Arthur, 193. 

John, 53. 
Riggin, Joseph, 188. 

Teague, 188. 
Right, Charles, 59. ^ 

Randall, 184. 
Rifing, Ambrose, 185. 



Riley, Patrick, 258. 

Philip, 340, 345, 350. 
Ninian, 56. 
Rimmer, James, 192. 
Ringaway, Samuel, 169. 
Ringgold, Jaeob, 169. 

Josias, 168. 
Thomas, 282. 
William, 169 
William, Jr., 168, 
"Ringwood,^' 72, 73. 
Rinning, William, 188. 
Riston, John, 58. 

Samuel, 259. 
Ritchie, James, 48. 

John, 48. 
Robert, 48. 
Rite, Thomas, 48. 
Ritherford, Joseph, 47. 
Roach, Patrick, 192. 

Richard, 48. 
Roades, John, 188. 
"Roadley," 147. 
Roads, Reuben, 50. 
Roar, Michael, 261. 
Robh, Winn, 84. 
Robberts, Chapman, 69. 
Robbins, John Purnell, 246. 
Roberson, Thomas, 48. 

William, 184, 186. 
Roberts, Benjamin, 190. 
E. P., 43. 
Edward, 56. 
James, 66, 189. 
John, 170, 258. 
John, Jr., 46. 
Robert, 47. 
Thomas, 193. 
William, 58, 189. 
Robertson, Alexander, 171. 
George, 47. 
James A., 77. 
Willliam, 409. 
"Robin Hood,'' 73. 
Robins, Henrietta Maria, 163. 

Robinson, Andrew, 133 
David, 192. 
Henry, 58. 
James, 190, 191. 
John, 53, 68, 190, 193, 

John, Bp. of London, 336. 
John (barber chirurge- 

on), 195. 
John (carpenter), 199. 
Joseph, 187. 
Richard, 193. 
Robert, 58. 
Thomas, 51. 
Thomas, Jr., 187. 
William, 194. 
Robotham, Col. George, 146. 
Robson, Capt. John, 55. 
Roch, John, 193. 
Rodewald, Frederick W., 119. 
Rodney's Diary and other Belmoare 
Records, by C. H. B. Turner, 320. 
Roe, Susan, 75, 
Rogers, Mr., 309. 

J-ames S., 86. 
John, 160, 316. 
Joshua, 187. 
Lloyd, 23. 
Mathew, 187. 
Samuel, 56. 
William, 11, 15. 
Rohrer, C. W. G., elected, 86. 
Roistan, Charles, 53. 
Rolle, Fedeman, 193. 
Rollins, Thornton, elected, 87. 
Romance of the Americmi Na'vy, 76. 
"Rose HilV 23. 
Rosensteel, George, 260. 
Ross, Anthony, 48. 

Archibald, 310. 
Daniel, 52. 
Hugh, 48. 
John, 133. 
Rousby, Ann, 152. 
Rouse, Francis W., resigned, 87. 


Route New York to WashiHgton in 

1846, 21. 
Rowe, Thomas, 181. 
Royal Charlotte (ship), 308. 
Royn, James, 58. 
John, 59. 
Nathaniel, 59. 
William, 59. 
Ruark, John, 184. 
Rumney Edward, 327. 
Ruineey, Benjamin, 160. 
Edward, 49 
John, 173. 
William, 159. 
Capt. William, 49. 
Runaway servants, 40. 
Russam, Peter, 191. 

Peter, Jr., 191. 
Thomas, 191. 
Ruaeell, Abraham, 57. 

Christopher, 372. 
Josiah, 260. 
Thomas, 185 
Rutter, John, 48. 

John, Jr., 48. 
Stephen, 59. 
Rutlidge, John, 270.- 
Ryland John, Jr., 45. 

Thomas, 51. 
Ryley, Joseph, 47. 
St. Alphonsus church, 32. 
St. Ann's creek, 197. 
St. Ann's Parish, Annapolis, 325. 
St. Catherine's bay, 268. 

creek, 200. 
island, 268. 
St. Clare, James, 58. 
St. Clements bay, 268, 372. 

island, 268. 
manor, 200. 
St. Elizabeth's, 199. 
St. Francis branch, 269. 
St. Gabriel's manor, 265. 
St. George's creek, 263, 268, 270. 
island, 203. 
river, 68, 196, 198, 
202, 264 


St. Inigo's creek, 199, 203. 
fort, 367. 
manor, 199. 

St. James' creek, 201. 

St. Jerome's creek, 371. 

St. John's creek, 196, 198, 263. 

St. Lawrence creek, 269. 

St. Leonard's creek Hundred, 53. 

Town, 53. 
St. Luke's creek, 203. 
St. Margaret's island, 268. 
St. Martha's island, 200. 
St. MRry'«, 367. 

bay, 198, 264. 
St. Mary's co. militia, 1748, 181. 
St. Miehael'9 manor, 265, 373. . 

point, 265. 
St. PauVs Church and Parish, Elli- 
coit City J Md., by Brother Fabri- 
cian of Jesus, 319. 
St. Peter's Key, 203. 
St. Raphael's creek, 201. 
St. Vincent's bay, 197. 

river, 197. 
Sair, George, 48. 
Salisbury, John, 2. 
Salmon, John, 85. 
Sammion, Stephen, 199. 
Samson, John, 51. 
Samuel Chase and the Grand 
JuBY OP Baltimore County, 131. 
Sanders, John, 193. 

Morgan, 193. 
Thomas, 47. 
William, 51, 193. 
Sandsbury, Richard, 58. 
Sankston, James, 190. 

Thomas, 190. 
Sansbury, William, 52. 
Sapping, Harky, 50. 

Nathaniel, 50. 
Sappington, Capt. Thomas, 56- 
Sargeant, Elizapbeth, 147. ' 
Sassoer, John Jr., 58. , 
Satchell, Henry, 187. 
Sathells, Thomas, 192. 
Saturday Visitor, 31. 



SauMerSj James, 190. 

John, 190. 
Savin, Samuel, 47. 

William, 45. 
Say lor, James, 193. 
Soaggs, Richard, 56. 

Thomas, 56. 
Scanlan, Edward, 168. 
Scarborough, John, 194. 
Schley, John Jacob, 261. 

William, 34. 
Schmucker, Samuel D., deceased, 

210; memorial minute, 210. 
Schnebly, Henry C, 255. 

Henrietta Maria, (C^fw), 

Schoepf, Johann David, 906. 

Schoolfield, John, 187. 

Scliouler, Rev. William, resigned, 87. 

"Schroeder's Woods," 24. 

Seoot, Adam, 194. 

Scotsford, Richard, 268. 

Soett, Alexander, 50. 

Charles, 45. 

Capt. Day, 185. 

Greorge Day, 171. 

Gustavus, 171. 

J. McPherson, 321. 

John, 164, 168. 

John Jr., 184. 

John Cole, 190. 

Michael, 64. 

Samuel, 55. 

Thomas, 190. 

Walter Jr., 45. 

Willia-m, 184. 
Scrivener, William, 52. 
Scurry, Robert, 47. 

Thomas, 47. 
Seagar, Samuel, 50. 
Seal, Mathias, 48. 
Seal of Washington College, 173. 
Sears, Thomas, 51. 
Second Presbyterian church, 32. 
See, James, 47. 
Segar, John Jr., 49. 

Selby, Daniel, 187. 

Daniel of Parker, 187. 

John, 24, 172. 

Lieut. John, 187. 

Matthew, 187. 

Parker, Jr., 187. 

Parker, Sr., 187. 

Parker of Parker, 172. 

Parker of Phil., 187. 

Philip, 187. 

William, 172. 

William, Jr., 245. 
Sellman, Richard B., elected, 211. 
Seney, John, 252. 

Joshua, 169, 272. 

Samuel, 170. 
Serman, Peter, 185. 
Sermond, Job, 188, 
Serval, N. Lewis, 251. 
Sessforth, Thomas, 58. 
Seth, James, 169. 
Seventh Reg't. of N. Y., 120. 
Severe, Abraham, 190. 
Severson, Thomas, 47. 

Thomas, Jr., 47. 
Sewell, Clemont, 169. 
Seymor, Owen, 372. 
Shanahan, Hester, 74. 
Shanks, John, 268. 

Lieut. Thomas, 182. 
Sharp, George M., deceased, 422. 

Walter, 47. 
Sharpe, George, 185. 

Gov. Horatio, 150, 151, 236, 

Shaver, Adam, 257. 
Shaves, Robert, 192. 
Shaw, James, If 0, 252. 

Shean, Patrick, 260. 
Sheehorn, John, 53. 
Shehorn, Cornelius, 191. 
Shelby, Isaac, 421. 
Shell, Heinrich, accepting pardon, 

Shelley, John, 51. 
Shellmain, Jacob, 257. 



Sbelman, John, Jr., 259. 
Shenandoah or the last Confederate 

Cruiser, 77. 
Shepard, Walter N., resigned, 210. 
Shepherd, Martin, 193. 

Thomas, 53. 
Henry E., 320. 
Sheredine, Upton, 267. 

Sherwells," 368. 
Sherwood, Daniel, 193. 

Francis, 192. 
John, 193. 
Philip, 191. 
Thomas, Sr., 190. 
Thomas, 2d., 190. 
Thomas, 3d., 190. 
Shield, James, 190. 

William, 190. 
Shiles, Edmond, 189. 

John, Jr., 185. 
John, Sr., 186. 
Shipwright (ship), 77. 
Shively, John, 258. 
Shoaf, Michael, 259. 
Shoemaker, Peter, 260. 
Short, Adam, 48. 

Robert, 64. 
Shot towers, 26. 
Shrive r, Genl., 414. 
Shropshire, Edward, 190, 
Shryock Henry, 251. 
Shuler, Andrew, 259. 
Silcok, Valentine, 46. 
Sillivane, Dennis, 47. 
Simmons, Daniel, 53. 

Heniy, 50. 
John, 53. 

John Manning, 63. 
Thomas, 53. 
Simpson, William, 51. 
Sirman, Edward, 186,, 

Isaac, 186, 186, 
Joshua, 186. 
Sith, John, 48. 
Skinner, Genl., 138. 

Andrew, 193. 

Skinner, James, 410. 

Mackall, 69. 
Richard, 170. 
Thomas, 193. 
William, 193. 
Skippon, Bev. Samuel, 335 ff. 
Slade, John, 191. 
Slater, Bartholomew, 267. 
Slatter, Hope H., 26. 
SJaughter, Edward, 190. 
Slave market, 27. 
Sleepe, Lancelot, 371. 
Slinger, John, 194. 
Slone, Charles, 259. 

David, 48. 
Sloss, Thoma«, 171. 
Slubey, Nicholas, 84. 

William, 168. 
Sluby, William, 49. 
Slyter, Benjamin, 49. 
Small, George, 129. 

Col. Wm. P., 407, 408. 
Smallwood, G^enl. William, 78, 138, 

152, 248. 
Smatter John, 257. 
Smith, Alexander, 171, 261. 
Bartholow, 46. 
Charles, 187, 192. 
Edward, 59. 
George, 53. 
Henry, 268. 
Herbert, 61. 

James, 48, 50, 52, 56, 168, 
187, 260, 309, 311. 

John, 58, 63, 184, 190, 194, 
339, 342, 350. 

John, Jr., 85, 261. 

John Donnell, 122, 123, 128. 

John P., 321. 

Katherine, 62, 63. 

Luke, 62. 

Mathias, 260. 

Michael, 261. 

Patrick Sim, 305. 

Philip, 260, 261. 
-Raber, 187, 



Smith, mchard, 50, 63. 

Robert, 260. 

Samuel, 84, 85. 

Thomas, 53. 

Walter 316, 372. 

William, 51, 61, 169, 193, 
195, 252. 

Rev. William, 164 ff., 240. 
Smithers, Edward, 52. 
Smoot, John, 74, 170. 
Smoote, William, 367, 368, 370 
Smullin, Edmond, 188. 

Nathaniel, 188. 
William, 188. 
Smyth, Richard G., 168. 

Simon, 168. 

Thomas, Jr., 168. 
Sneed, Moses, 190. 

Richard, 191, 
Snodgrass, Dr. Joseph E., 31. 
Snow, Abel, 198, 199. 
Snow Hill plantation, 198. 
Snow Hill manor, 198. 
Snyder, Balser, 258. 

Jacob, 260. 
Soldier's recollections , A, by R. H. 

McKim, 205. 
Sollers, Abraham, 57. 
Basil, 237. 
Capt. Robert, 53. 
Somerville, James, 85. 
Somers, John, 58. 
Somerset oo. militia, 1748, 183. 
Soper, Charles, 58. 
South, Dr. John, 14. 
South River Parish, 325. 
Southern, Samuel, 182. 
Southeron, Henry, 310, 311. 
Sparks, Jared, 418. 
Speed, Joseph J., 34. 
Speer, Andrew, 188. 

Jacob, 188. 

John, 188. 

Moses, 188. 
Spellman, Richard, 53. 
Spence, Capt. Adam, 194. 

Spacer, Anna Matilda (Martin), 

Benjamin, 192. 
Henry, 147. 
Hugh, 192. 
Isaac, 169. 
James, 192. 
Philemon, 192. 
Richard, 168. 
Robert, 192, 
Spencek, Richabd Henry. Hon. 

Nicholas Thomas, 145. 
Spencer, Richard Henry, 206. 
Spink, Henry, 269. 
Spray, John, 257. 
Sprigg, CJol. Edward, 58. 
Thomas, 252. 
Osborne, 252. 
Stabler, Edward, Jr., 86, 87, 210. 
Stafford, John, 73. 
" Stafford's Outlott," 73, 74. 
Stainer, Francis, 190. 
James, 190. 
Solomon, 190. 
Staley, Henry, 260. 
Stallinges, Richard, 52. 

Richard, Jr., 52. 
Thomas, 51, 
^tailings, Abraham, 261. 

Absalom, 51, 
Isaac, 52. 
John, 52. 
Joseph, 58. 
Kent, 52. 
Stamp, George, 59. 

Thomas, 58. 
Stamp Act, 149, 209, 374. 
Stamp Act Papeks, 282. 
Standard, Vinson, 53. 
Standfast, John, 190. 
Stanfield, John, 182. 
Standford, Jonathan, 185. 
Richard, 171. 
Thomas, 185. 
Stanhope, William, 296. 
Stansbury, William, 356, 357. 



Stanton, John, 259. 
Star, William, 56. 
Starling, William, 50. 
Starr & Garter (ship), 308. 
Starrot, John, 47. 
Start, Ephraim, 190. 

Richard, 189. 
Statham, E. P., 75. 
Staten Island Expedition, 138 
Staut, John, 961. 
Steel, Aim, 171. 

James, 171. 
Steele, John M., elected, 87. 

Z. Potter, 78. 
Steiner, Bernard C, K^t Fort 

Manor, 254. 
Steiner, Bernard C, mentioned, 77, 
86, 211, 318, 423. 
Dr. I»ewis H., 121, 123, 129. 
Stemple, Frederick, 260. 
Stent, Thomas, 69, 200. 
Stents branch, 200. 
Stephens, Edward, 188. 

John, 184, 252. 
Steret, David, killed in duel, 79. 

Samuel, 84. 
Stebbet-Hadfield Duel, 79, 274 
Steuart, William, 191. 
Stevens, John, 170. 

Richard, 50. 
Robinson, 170. 
William O., 208. 
Stevenson, George P., 85. 
Henry, 85. 
Joseph, 186, 
Robert, 186. 
Samuel 187. 
Samuel of Jae., 187. 
Steven, 257. 
William, 186. 
Steward, Charles, 63. 
Stewart, Maj.-Genl., 278. 
Charles, 48. 
David, 84, 85. 
George, 172. 
Major Jack, 139, 142. 

Stewart, James, 48. 

John 171, 252. 

Lieut. Levin, 410. 

Robert, 133. 

Thomas, 49, 50. 
Stickbury, Steven, 192. 
Stiles, William, 267, 370, 371. 
Stilly, Peter, 256. 
Stimmel, Peter, 260. 
Stimson, Jeremiah, 56, 
Stinson, John, 48. 
Stirling, Lord, see Alexander, Wil- 
Stite, James, 259. 
Stock, Anthony, 259. 
Stockbridge, Henry, 86, 87, 210, 
422, 423. 

Stockbeidge, Hei^by, Sb., Baltimore 

in 1846, 20. 
Stoddart, Capt. John, 54. 
Stoddert, Thomas, 56. 
Stoker, Benjamin, 192. 
Stone, Henry, 58, 
John, 51. 
John, Jr,, 52, 58. 
Michael Jenifer, 252. 
Thomas, 52, 250. 
Stoner, Christian, 257. 
Jacob, 259. 
John, Jr., 258. 
Story, Frederick W., 87. 

Lieut. Robert, 46. 
Story of Maryland Politics, by F. R. 

Kent, 318. 
Street, Francis, 56. 
Street-cleaning in Baltimore, 24. 
Strieker, George, 257. 

John, 84. 
Strickknd, Joseph, 62. ^ 

Richard, 52. 
Strobridge, William, 188. 
Sturges, John, 168. 
Sturgis, Daniel, 187. 

Capt. Joshua, 184. 
Stephen, 194, 
Willkim, 187. 



Stull, Christopher, 259 

John, 251. 
S"'unt, Frederick, 59. 
Sudler, Emory, 168. 
Sullivan, Daniel, 258. 

James, 170. 

Br. James B.. 409. 

Genl. John, 138, 

William, 185. 
Summon, Samuel, 245. 
Sun (paper), 28. 
Sunderland, Benjamin, 52. 

Josias, 52. 
Stockett, 52. 
Surgen, John, 48. 
Sutton, Mrs Eben, elected, 423, 
Francis, 168. 
John, 168, 190. 
Sydler, Godlip, 260. 
Sylvester, Benjamin, 191. 

John, 191. 
Symington, W. Stuart, 128. 
Symson, John, 55. 
Swamstead, Nicholas, 52. 
Swan, Alexander, 53. 

John, 84, 183. 
Swann, Benjamin, 58. 
Tait, Hobert, 255. 

Susanna, 255. 
Talbot county, 214. 
Talbot CO. militia, 1748, 189. 
Talbott, Benjamin, 140,352, 355. 

Sarah (Wilmot), 140, 357. 

William A, 34. 
Taney, John, 183. 
Taney, Roger B. to Daniel Murray, 


mentioned, 34, 415. 
Tannihile, William, 56. 
Tannyhill, Carlton, 260. 
Tanquery, Abraham, 51. 
Tar, Eli, 194. ! . 

Elisha, 194. 

John, 194. 

John, Jr., 194. 

Michael, Jr., 184. 

Tasker, Benjamin, 333 ff. 
Tatman, Wilhelmina, 74. 
Taxation of American colonies, 374. 
Tayloe, Elizabeth, 152. 
Tayler, James, 184. 

Samuel, 184. 
Tobe, 184. 
Travour, 184. 
Taylor, Benjamin, 49. 

Ignatius, 311. 
Isaac, 52. 
James, 49. 
John, 268. 
Nancy, 59. 
Capt. Peter, 515. 
Richard, 49. 
Thomas, 58. 
William, 51, 59. 
Dr. Wm. S., 407, 408. 
Tayman, Richard, 52. 

Sabritt, 51. 
Teachers, circulating, 271. 
Tear, " Billy, ' 219, 221, 228. 
Temblin, John, 257. 
Templeman, John, 191. 
Teimey, Thomas, 46. 
Terry, Hugh, 45. 
Tesstill, Joshua, 256. 
Tetlow, Mathias, 49. 
Text-books, 1730, 12. 
Tharpe, Thomas, 190. 
Theobald, Capt. William, 54. 
Thicketty creek, 62, 66. 
Thomas, Genl. Allen, 147. 
Anne, 146, 147. 
Anne (Coursey), 146, 
Christopher, 63, 146, 
Daniel M., 129. 
Edmund, 146. 
Edward of Wm., 147. 
Elizabeth, 146, 147. 
Elizabeth (Martin), 147. 
Francis, 258. 
Hugh, 55. 
James, 182, 191. 
James of Wm., 147. 


Thosoas, Jane, 147. 

Jane (Riddell), 147. 

John, 53, 190, 316. 

Capt. John, 54. 

Capt. John Allen, 147. 

John B., elected, 86. 

Juliana, 146, 147. 

Leonard, 146. 

Margaret (Amherst), 146. 

Maria (Francis), 147. 

Martha, 146. 

Mary, 147. 
Thomas, Hon. Nicholas, by Rich- 
ard Henry Spencer, 145. 

Nicholas, commission, 157. 

Rev. Nicholas, 146. 

Nicholas ci Wm., 147. 

Gov. Philip Francis, 147. 

Richard, 146, 252. 

Stephen, 146. 

Thomas, 190. 

Tristram, 145, 147, 147, 

Dr. Tristram, 147. 
William, 146, 147, 148, 

William, Jr., 145, 147. 
Thompeon, Alexander, 5, 16, 47. 
Arthur, 57. 
Augustine, 2, 14, 181. 
Mrs. C. C, elected, 422. 
George, 48. 

John, 58, 61, 170, 267. 

Joseph, 48. 

Nathan, 57. 

Richard, 61. 

Samuel, 170. * 

William, 169. 
Thompson's marsh, 62, 
Thomson, John, 56. 

John Duckery, 173. 
William, 262, 266. 
Thorowgood, Cyprian, 267. 
Thrasher, Thomas, 56. 
Three Rivers, by J. P. Farley, 417. 
Thwaits, Francis, 266. 
Thymble, John, 371. 

Tiernan, Charles B., 129. 
Tiffany, Comfort, 23. 

Henry, 23. 
Tilden, Charles, 168. 

Marmaduke, 169. 
Marmaduke, Jr., 168. 
Tilghman, Anna (Lloyd), 150. 

Anna Maria, 150. 
Edward, 14, 169, 282. 
James, 14, 15, 159, 251. 
Matthew, sketch, 150. 
Matthew, 148, 152, 153, 
154, 156, 158, 161, 170. 
Oswald, 209. 
Peregrine, 166, 170. 
Richard, 2, 14, 15. 
Capt. Richard, 181. 
Richard, Jr., 15, 170. 
Richard, 2d, 150. 
Richard, 4th, 169. 
William, 14, 168, 170, 

Tilghman's Neck, 1. 
Tillard, Mr., 309. 
TlUiman, Benjamin, 194. 
Tillman, John, 194. 
Tilman, Aaron, 188. 
Tili^on, Elijah, 188. 

Elisha, 188. 

Isaiah, 188. 

Joseph, 188. 
Tilton, John, 49. 
Tilyard, Thomas, 316. 
Timmons, John, 35. 
Tindall, John, 194. 
Tingle, Caleb, 194. 

Daniel, 195. 

Hugh, Jr., 187. 

Solomon, 187. 
Tinkens, Francis, 171. 
Tipper, James, 168. 
Titbald, Richard, 46. 
Toadvine, George, 185. 

Thomas, 189. 
Tobacco trade, 215, 226. 
Tobey, J. W., 119. 
Todd, Benjamin, 73. 



Tomlinson, Groves, 56. 

Hugh, 56. 
Tomlisson, James, 56. 
Tompson, William, 265, 371, 372. 
Tool, Patrick, 51, 
Torry, Rev. Charles T., 27. 
Tory bond, 1781, 38. 
Toup, Jacob, 261. 
Townsen, Thomas, 192. 
Townsend, Major, 245. 

Ezekiel, 184. 

Jeremiah, 184. 

John, 172, 245. 

Joseph, 184. 

Marshal, 184. 

Nathaniel, 184. 

Solomon, 184. 

W. R., deceased, 422. 
Townshend, Charles, 150. 
Townside, 239, 240. 
Townson, Brickhous, 195. 
Traherne, James, 189, 
Trainer, Patrick, 261. 
Trase, John, 51. 

Travels in the Confederation, by J. 

D. Schoepf, 206. 
Travers, Lieut. Charles, 409. 
Capt. Henry, 55. 
Capt. John, 409. 
John, 2d., 409. 
Capt. Thomas, 55, 
Traverse, Levin, 171. 
Trimble, David C, 119. 
Trinity bay, 264. 
Trinity creek, 199, 203. 
Trinity manor, 264, 265. 
Trippe, Andrew C, 129, 211. 

Henry, 154, 341, 350. 
Henry, 2d. 229. 
Mary Emerson, 154. 
Sarah, 229. 
William, 193. 
Troup, Charles, 169. 

John, 170. 
Trott, Thomas, 192. 
Truitt, George, 172, 187. 
Trundle, John, 55. 

Tuchstone, Chris., 46. 
Tucker, Edward, 3. 

John, 52, 190. 
Noble, 192. 
William, 53. 
Tull, John, 188. 

John, Jr., 187. ^ 
Joshua, 184. 
Richard, 184, 193. 
Samuel, 193. 
Solomon, 193. 

Thomas (Condockreay) , 184. 
Thomas (Anomessick), 184. 
Tulle, Richard, Jr., 187. 

William, 187. 
Turbut, Richard, 193. 
Turbutt, Mieha«l, 3. 

William, 2, 3, 14, 
Maj. William, 180, 181. 
Turk, Thomas, 47. 
Turkey branch, 369. 
Turner, Absalom, 191. 

C. H, B., 205, -320. 

Gideon, 53. 

John, 191, 

Joseph, 191, 

Thomas, 191, 

Van A. B., elected, 86, 

WMUiam, 52. 

Zadock, 187. 

Zeph, 252. 
Turpin, Denwood, 194, 

Lieut. John, 193. 

Joshua, 189. 

Nehemiah, 184. 

Whittey, 183. 

Lieut. William, 183. 
TurviU, John, 195. 
Tuttey, Robert, 372. 
Twamley, Wm. P., elected, 88, 
Twiner, John, 259, 
Tyler, Bri. GenL Geo. L., 414. 

Oapt. John, 409, 
Tyson, Richard W., 129. 
Underbill, Lora A. W., 204. 
Uniform of Md. Guard, 119, 121, 
U, S. Hotel, 22. 


Upper Hundred of the Clifts, 52. 

Upton, Thomas, Jr., 58. 

Urie, William, 245. 

Urin, John, 47. 

Valck, William, 85. 

Valentine, George, 328, 331, 332, 

333, 335-350. 
Valient, Bennett, 192. 

Thomas, 192. 
Vanable, Pirkins, 185. 
Van Bebber, Adam, 49. 
Van Bibber, Andrew, 84, 85. 
Vancaslin, John, 48. 
Vandergrift, Nicholas, 49. 
Van Dyke, Thomas, 168. 
Vance, John, 185. 
Vanhorn, Barnet, 51. 

Cornelius, 50. 
Vansant, Cornelius, 51. 
Vaughan, Cornelius, 260 

Robert, 69, 201. 
Vaughn, Ephraim, 188. 

Jethro, 188. 
Veazey, Edward, 48. 

Lieut. George, 45. 

James, 46. 

John, 49. 

Capt. John, 46. 

Thomas, 48. 

Thomas, B., 173. 
Veazy, William, 186. 
Vennables, Joseph, 189. 
Vesey, John Ward, 173. 
Vestry, Michael, 184. 
Vestry Act of 1702, 152 
Vesthy Pboceedinos St. Ann's Par- 
ish, Annapolis, 325. 
Vickers, Araminta (Pritchett), 74. 
George, 190. 

Harrison W., €leoe««ed, 

Joseph, 191. 

William, 74. 

Wm. Brown, 190. 
Victer, Thomas, 184. 
Vincent, John Martin, 419. 

William, 261. 

Vinson, Benjamin, 188. 

Mathias, 188. 
Vinton, Richard, 189. 
Virgen, James, 190. 
Va. Mag. of History and Biography, 

cited, 321. 
Vorhees, John, 169. 
Vrais, Caradoc Vraich, 70. 
Wade, John, 258. 
Waddell, Capt. J. J., 77. 
Waddle, Alexander, 50. 
Wagaman, Charles D., 322. 
Wa^aman, Henry, 171, 252. 
Wagner, Henry C, 121, 129. 
Wagoner, John, 47. 
Wailes, John, 185. 
Waler, John, 261. 
Wales, Daniel, 185. 
John, 192. 
Levin, 59. 
Walker, Rev. Archibald, 177. 

Charles, 189. 

James, 46, 193. 

Walker, John, 191. 

Joseph, 55, 305, 310. 

Richard, 57, 268. 

Thomas, 57. 
Wall, Robert, 58. 
Wallace, John, 47, 48, 185. 

Mathew, 48, 410. 

Michael, 46, 311. 

Thomas, 47. 

Lieut. Thomas, 409, 410, 
Waller, Ebenezer, 171. 
John, 188. 

Capt. Nathaniel, 188. 
Sgt. Nathaniel, 188. 
Nathaniel, Sr., 188. 
Richard, 188. 
Thomas, Jr., 188. 
William, 188. 
Wallis, John, 169. 

Severn Teackle, 156. 
William, 46. 
« Walnut Grove," 147. 
Walsh, Robert, 85. 

T. Yatee, 84. 



Walter, Daniel, 185. 
Robert, 185. 
William, 186. 
Walters, Robert, 169. 
Walton, Job, 187. 

John, 194, 257. 
William, 187. 
Walston, Thomas, 194. 
Wfl^ltorn, Stephen, 187. 
Walts, Martin, 258. 
Wamsley, Robert 45. 
War of 1812, 16. 
War of 1812, Appointments, 409. 
Ward, Capt. Francis, 54, 
Francis X., 129. 
John, 173. 

John oi John, 173. 
Lambert, 191. 
Peregrine, 172. 
Philip, 52. 
Richard, 184. 
Stephen, 188. 
Thomas, 46, 191. 
William, 173. 
Warfield, Alexander, 338. 
L. M., 119. 

Richard, 325, 333, 335, 

Waring, Basil, 57, 191. 

Rev. Mr., 271. 

Henry, 191. 

John, 305. 

Thomas, 58. 
Waringsford, James, 57. 
Warner, John, 172. 

Col. Jos. P., 279. 

Lambert, 190. 
Warnir, Samuel, 58. 
Warren, Capt. Barton, 54. 

Charles, 416. 
Washington, George, 78, 155, 162, 
168, 248. 

Washington, George to Rev. Wm. 

Smith, 164. 
Washington Brigade, 408. 
Washington College, 1783, by L. 

Wethered Barroll, 164. 

Washington county church records, 

Washington county Historical So- 
ciety, 321. 
Washington, D. C.,21, invasion of, 16, 
Washington, Fort, 17. 
Watchman, John, 29. 
Waters, Edward, 188. 
John, 171. 
Capt. John, 188. 
Richard, 171. 
Waters & Stevenson, 28. 
Watkins, Evan, 264. 

Capt. John, 247, 249. 
Watson, James, 59. 
John, 51. 
Walter, 51. 
Watson, William, 184. 

William, Jr., 59. 
William, Sr., 59. 
Watts, William, 183. 
Wattson, Charles, 186. 
John, 186. 
Robert, 186. 
Waylon, Dennis, 261. 
Wayman, Stephen, 58. 
W^ebb, John, 51, 186. 
Mark, 57. 
Solomon, 186. 
Wederstrandt, C. T., 169. 
Weems, David, 316. 

Mason Locke, 75. 
Nathaniel, 305, 310. 
Weever, Christian, 261. 
Weigle, Joseph, 257. 
Weile, Rev. Hugh, 14. 
Welch, George, 48. 

James, 257. 
John, 50. 
John, Jr., 50. 
Welding, Charles, 50. 

James, 50. 
Robert, 50. 
Welles, Gideon, 415. 
Wells, John, 51, 57. 

Nathan, 57. 
Wellsteadt, Joshua, 340. 


Welsh, Benjamin, 55. 
Weltner, Col. Lodowick, 256-261. 
Wentz, Mrs. H. C, elected, 87. 
Were, Hugh, 48. 

John, 48. 
Werner, Olney, 275. 
Wescote, John, 48. 
West, Jinkin, 59. 

John, 22. 

Joseph, 59. 

Philip, 68. 

Thomas, Jr., 187. 
* West Indies expedition, note, 45. 
West St. Mary's naanor, 68, 372. 
Westbury manor, 69. 
Weston, Thomas, 59, 69. 
Weston's creek, 196. 
Wethered, Lewin, 129. 
Whaley, James, 190. 
John, 186. 
William, 190. 
Whalin, Lawrence, 259. 
Wharton, George, 187. 
Wheder, Daniel, 57. 

Samuel, 57. 
Wheatcroft & Higginson, 41. 
Wheateley, William, 368. 
Wheatfield Hotel, 23. 
Wheatly, Francis, 311. 

John, 311, 371. 
Richard, 311. 
Wheeler, Dorsey & co., 313. 

Nancy, 74. 
Wheyland, William, 171. 
Whidby, Eichard, 191. 
Whit, William, 259. 
White, Ambrose, 187. 

Bernard, 346, 347, 348, 350. 

Davey, 192. 

James, 56. 

John, 53, 56. 

Joshua, 184. 

Peter, 245. 

Thomas, 56, 268. 

William, 184, 193, 194, 
Whitehead, John, 50. 

Samuel, 57. 

Whitely, Arthur, 171. 
Whitridge, Mrs. Wm. H., elected, 

Whittaker, William, 57. 
Whittenton, Thomas, 193. 
Whittingham, Rev. William R., Bp., 

Whittington, Southey, 184. 
Whittom, William, 47. 
Whitton, Samuel, 48. 
Wickliff, David, 195. 
Wickliff's creek, 68, 69, 70, 195, 196, 

W^ickes, Joseph, 168. 

Simon, 168. 

Simon, Jr., 168. 
Wicks, Lambert, 15. 
Wicomico bay, 200. 
Wicomico river, 201, 268, 370. 
Wightt, William, 59. 
Wilborn, John, 59. 
Wilhelm^ Lewis W., deceased^ 211. 
Wilke, William, 56. 
Wilkenson, Rev. Christopher, 2, 14. 
Wilkins, James, 185. 
Wilkinson, Joseph, 252, 305, 308, 

William, 311, 316. 

Willet, John, 194. 
Willett, Edward, 56. 
James, 58. 
Ninian, 58. 
Ninian, Jr., 58. 
Willey, Pritchel, 171. 
William (ship), 77. 
Willia^tEig, Baruch, 57. 

Basil, 56. 

Charles, 56. 

David, 58. 

Edward, 67. 

Hilleary, 56. 

John, 53, 59, 185, 190. 

Capt. John, 183. 

Joseph, 56, 178. 

Nathaniel, 34, 42. 

Oldern, 190. 

General 0. H., 37, 257, 
258, 260. 



Williitms, General O. H., to Gov. 
Howard, 80. 
Richard, J r., 186. 
Robert, 47. 
Spencer, 184. 
Thomas, 58, 347, 350. 
William, 190. 
Williamsen, James, 168. 

John, 169. 
Willin, John, 185. 

Levin, 185. 
Robert, 185. 
Thomas, Jr., 185. 
Willing, John (of Nanticoke), 185. 
Willis, William, 184, 194. 
Willit, Thomas, 194. 

William, 194. 
Willson, George, 58. 

James of George, 58. 
Jonathan, 191. 
Larkin, 190. 
Robert, 193. 
Thomas, 191. 
William, 51, 58. 
Wilmer, John Lambert, 168. 
Simon, 168. 
William, 168. 
Wilmington, Del., 19. 
Wilmot, John, 144. 

John to Benjamin Tal- 

bott, 352. 
Mary, 144. 

Mary (Gittings), 355. 
Richard, 355. 
Robert, 352, 353. 
Robert to Benjamin Tal- 

bott, 355. 
Robert, Sr., 144. 
Sarah, 140. 

Sarah (Merryman), 144. 
Capt. William (note), 

William, escape from Brit- 
ish, 138. 
William to Benjamin Tal- 
bott, 140. 
Wilson, Alexander, 192. 

Wilson, George, 56, 169. 
Henry, 133. 
Hillery, 52. 
Capt. James, 58. 
Lieut. James, 183. 
John, 58. 
John, Jr., 168. 
Joseph, 58. 
Lieut. Joseph, 52. 
Lingan, 58. 
Michael, 52. 
Robert, 13, 169. 
Stephen, 85. 
Thomas, 52. 

Rev. Thomas, Bp.,221,2Zh 
William, 169. 
William Bowly, 121, 129. 
Wiltson, John, 192. 
Winchester, Thomas, 193. 
Winder, John, 171. 

Gov. Levin, 409. 
William, 171, 189. 
Wings, Capt. Thomas, 55. 
Wiosley, Benjamin, 48. 

John, 49. 
Winterbottom, John, 192. 
Winwright, James, 185. 

Stephen, 185. 
William, 185. 
Wise, Ezekiel, 187. 

Jennings Cropper, 417. 
Matbew, 187. 
Witzenbacher, Wm. J., 322. 
Wolcot, James, 193. 
Wolfe, William, 64. 
Wolfred, Thomas, 259. 
Wolleston manor, 201, 202. 
Wollop, Skinner, 172. 
Wood, David, 193. 
Edward, 51. 
Henry, 5i. 
Hugh, 50. 
John, 47, 49, 50. 
Nicholas, 49. 
Robert, 50, 256. 
Thomas, 58. 
William, 48, 57. 



Woodard, Thomas, 59. 
Woodcraft, William, 187. 
Woods, Hiram, elected, 87. 
Woodside, James S., 129. 
Woodville, Middleton, 119. 

Capt. William, 119. 
Woodyear, Edward, 133. 
Woolen, Eichard H., elected, 88. 
Woolfolk Brothers, 27. 
Woolford, Capt. James, 55. 

Levin, 171. 
Wooliston, Cornelius, 50. 
Wooton, Thomas Sprigg, 160. 

William, 59. 
Woriew, Daniel, 258. 
Worrell, Edward, 168. 
Worrick, Willliam, 188. 
Worthington, Brlce T. B., 159. 

Thomas, 313, 339, 

340, 343. 
Wm. of Jno., 259. 
Wm. G. D., 33. 
Wotton, James, 331. 
Wright, Edward, 2, 3, 14, 168. 

Capt. Edward, 180, 181. 

Katherine, 3. 

Nathan, 3, 5, 15. 

Nathan Samuel Tyrbutt, 9. 

Richard, 268. 

Robert, 169. 

Robert W., 14. 

Samuel Turbutt, 38. 
^ Solomon, 3, 160. 

Solomon, Sr., 3. 

Thomas, 13, 15, 169. 

Thomas Hynson, 3, 14. 

Wright, Thomas Hynson, bond for 
good behavior, 38. 
Turbutt, 169. 
William, 169, 267. 
Wroth, Lawrence C, 75, 211. 
Wroth, Lawrence C. A Maryland 

Merchant and his friends, 213. 
Wryan, Patrick, 256. 
Wyat, Jehu, 187. 

William, 187. 
Wyatt, Charles H., 119. 
"Wye House," 152. 
Wye river, 146. 
Wyley, George, 52. 

John, 51. 
Wyvill, Dr. Dorsey, 409. 
Yates, Donaldson, 169, 251. 

Thomas, 85. 
Ye Kingdome of Acc(mmacke, by 

J. C. Wise, 417. 
Yerbury, Richard, 155. 

Sarah, 155. 
Yewell, Thomas, 60. 
Yorke, Charles,, 294. 
Yorkson, John, 51. 
Young, Hugh, 58. 

John, 46, 58. 
Joseph, 46. 
Richard, 347, 348. 
Samuel, 325, 327, 329, 330, 
331, 332, 333, 338, 339, 
340, 343, 344. 
William, 48, 52, 56, 194. 
Young Privateer 8ma,n, by W. 0. 

Stevens and McKee Barclay, 208. 
Youst, Harmon, 259. 
Zelifrow, Andrew, 49. 
Zoler, Frederick, 261.